Journal of eSciences


Popularization and diffusion of technical-scientific knowledge in order to combat oral cancer, prevention and early diagnosis

Review Article of Journal of eSciences Popularization and diffusion of technical-scientific knowledge in order to combat oral cancer, prevention and early diagnosis Carvalho, E.C.V.M¹, Sá, H.W.B.S2, Melo, M.C.F3, Macedo, T.S4, Araújo, M.G.C5, Vidal, A.K.L6 1,2Cirurgiã-Dentista Residente em Saúde da Família da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas FCM/UPE. 3,4,5Cirurgiã-Dentista Residente em Odontologia Hospitalar com enfoque em Oncologia da Universidade de Pernambuco ICB/HUOC/UPE. 6Profa. Dra. Adjunta Regente da Disciplina de Processos Patológicos Gerais- ICB/UPE, Cirurgiã-Dentista Chefe do Serviço de Odontologia – CEON/HUOC/UPE, Coordenadora do Programa de Residência em Odontologia Hospitalar com enfoque em Oncologia da Universidade de Pernambuco ICB/HUOC/UPE, Coordenadora do Programa de Combate ao Câncer de Boca – Extensão - ICB/ UPE, Tutora no Núcleo de Odontologia da Residência Multiprofissional Integrada em Saúde da Família – FCM/ UPE Introduction: Some Primary Health Care (PHC) experiences have been incipiently instituted since the beginning of the 20th century, but, considering oral cancer, this form of early intervention in the natural history of the disease needs to be valued and performed. smoking, alcoholism and sun exposure, or associated with it, act as preventable risk factors, even with the participation of viruses such as human papillomavirus (HPV), nutritional deficiencies, immunological deficiencies and genetic alterations that contribute to the development of cancer. Objective: Popularization and diffusion of technical-scientific knowledge in order to combat oral cancer, prevention and early diagnosis. Methodology: Through the University, the interrelation of teaching, research, extension and assistance is experienced, favoring the formation of health professionals who are more conscious, supportive and citizens, in view of the philosophy of development of the culture of prevention and diagnosis early diagnosis of oral cancer. Educational / preventive / diagnostic activities are routinely developed at the request of both the population and the health services. Results and Discussion: Knowledge, a basic tool for prevention, has been constructed / ...

The authorization of the bearers of anemia falciforme

Research Article of Journal of eSciences The authorization of the bearers of anemia falciforme Lavra, F.M.B1; Cunha, A.S²; Gomes, J.C³; Amorim, V.G4; Lima, E.A.C.M5; Vânia Moraes, M.S6 1Enfermeira Mestranda em Enfermagem pelo Programa Associado de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade de Pernambuco e Universidade Estadual da Paraíba-UPE/UEPB e Docente da Faculdade de Ciências Humanas de Olinda-FACHO; 2,3,4Enfermeira Graduada pela Faculdade de Ciências Humanas de Olinda–FACHO; 5Enfermeira Doutoranda Docente da Faculdade de Ciências Humanas de Olinda-FACHO; 6Enfermeira Mestre Docente da Faculdade de Ciências Humanas de Olinda-FACHO Introduction: The term sickle cell disease encompasses a group of hereditary hemolytic anemias that have in common the presence of hemoglobin S within the red blood cell. In this group, anemia-falciform (AF) is highlighted, which presents clinical, hematological, genetic, anthropological and epidemiological importance, due to its high morbidity and mortality, which is considered a public health problem. It is chronic, incurable and usually causes a high degree of suffering to their patients, and life expectancy in average of 40 years. Decentralized, multidisciplinary, humanized quality care with emphasis on self-care can modify the natural history of the disease reducing its morbidity and mortality. In this context, Orem’s Nursing Systems Theory describes self-care as the practice of activities that people perform for their own benefit, in the sense of maintaining life, health and well-being, and the nurse is the professional which will enable this individual to be an agent capable of self-care. Objective: To understand the perception of patients with AF on self-care. Methodology: Descriptive study of a qualitative approach, approved by CEP-HEMOPE under CAAE 65281117.0.0000.5195. The method used was the recording of six interviews performed with patients with PA treated at the HEMOPE hospital in May 2016. The sample was determined by saturation of the speeches. In the evaluation the technique of content analysis of Bardin was ...

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