Journal of Herbal Medicine Research

Burns Inoculated with Staphylococcus aureus Healed by Leaf Sheath Extract of Pisang Ambon (Musa acuminata)

Review Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Burns Inoculated with Staphylococcus aureus Healed by Leaf Sheath Extract of Pisang Ambon (Musa acuminata) Samsuar1, Pratika Viogenta1, Laila Susanti1, Yuli Wahyu Trimulyani1, Sutriyani1, Mohammad Kanedi2* 1Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Tulang Bawang University, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia 2Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1.  Using parts of banana to cure diseases is a common practice for people in homeland of genus Musa. However, scientific researches on biomedical effects of a specific banana cultivar still leaves many questions. This study is intended to find out the healing effect of leaf sheath extract of pisang Ambon or Gros Michel banana, a non-Cavendish cultivar of Musa acuminata, on burn wound intentionally innoculated with Staphylococcus aureus. Eighteen male rabbits were divided into six groups: P0, P1, P2, P3, P4, and P5 each consisting of three rabbits. P0 is rabbits that received no treatment as the negative control; P1, P2, P3 and P4 respectively are received banana extract of 6.25%, 12.5%, 55%, and 50%; P5 are given bioplacenton ointment as the positive control. To inflict burn wound, the withers area on the animal's back were shaved and anticepted using 70% ethanol and 10% iodine. On the shaved skin, burns was made by placing a heated brass coin weighted 10 g and a diameter of 2 cm, at 200oC for 5 seconds. All treatments were given topically three times daily. The recovery of burns is measured every three days for 14 days and the healing criteria were based on wound diameter changes. The results showed the extracts of pisang Ambon at the concentration of 12.5% and 25% are able to totally heal the wound on the day 14. While extracts of 6.25 % ...

Pharmacological studies on the renal and hepatic effect of methanol leaf extract of Lupinus arboreus in rats

Review Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Pharmacological studies on the renal and hepatic effect of methanol leaf extract of Lupinus arboreus in rats *1Ohadoma SC, 2Akah PA, 2Nworu CS, 2Okoye TC 1Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Imo State University, PMB 2000, Owerri, Nigeria. 2Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nigeria, P.O. Box 3219, Nsukka. Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1. Objective: To investigate the renal and hepatic effect of methanol leaf extract of Lupinus arboreus using experimental rats. Methods: Three groups comprising five rats each were used. Group II and III received 50 and 100 mg/kg of extract respectively. Group I served as negative control and received only normal saline (5 ml/kg). All administration was done once daily for 28 days. Urea and creatinine for renal effect were determined using Quimica Clinica applicado (QCA Test Kit, Spain); while hepatic marker enzymes were evaluated using Assay Kits (Randox Laboratories Ltd., United Kingdom BT 294 QY). Histopathological evaluation was carried out using light microscopy. Student’s t-test, ANOVA and Turkey-Kramer test were employed to assess significance of difference due to administration of extract and the control. Results: Treatment with extract did not produce significantly (P>0.05) changes in the hepatic marker enzymes when compared with the control. The mean creatinine levels showed non-significantly (P>0.05) differences when compared with the control. At 100 mg/kg, the extract exhibited significantly (p<0.05) elevation of blood urea levels, as well as urea: creatinine ratio, compared with the negative control. Histopathological assessment revealed that the liver architecture was preserved and no occurrence of structural changes in the kidneys. Conclusion: The leaf extracts of Lupinus arboreus are devoid of deleterious renal and hepatic effects. Keywords: Lupinus arboreus, Chikadoma, leaf extract, renal and hepatic effects ...

Sirka (Vinegar): From Traditional Use To Scientific Approach

Review Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Sirka (Vinegar): From Traditional Use To Scientific Approach Mohd Nauman Saleem*, Mohammad Idris** *Research Associate, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, New Delhi **Head, Departments of Ilm-us-Saidla and Ilm-ul-Advia, A & U Tibbia College, Karol Bagh, New Delhi Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1. Traditional medicine is the summation of knowledge, skills and practices based on theories, beliefs and experiences which are indigenous to different cultures. Sirka (Vinegar) has a long historical background and besides its usage as a common condiment, food ingredient, preservative, flavoring and culinary agent it has also been extensively exploited as a potent medicinal substance. The use of vinegar to fight infections and other acute conditions dates back to Hippocrates who recommended a vinegar preparation named sikanjabeen for cleaning ulcerations and for the treatment of sores. Sikanjabeen was also used in conventional system of medicine by the name of oxymel. According to Unani classical literature, it is obtained after fermentation of various substances such as grapes, sugarcane, dried grapes, figs, jamun, honey, onions, grains etc and prepared by a specific procedure in which the juice of ingredient is taken in a vessel and kept in sunlight, until proper fermentation of that liquid takes place. Various actions and clinical indications have been elaborated in the Unani classical literature and some properties namely Anti-infective, Antihypertensive, Cardio-protective, Antitumor, Antiglycemic, Antioxidant and Antitubercular activities have been revalidated in the light of recent scientific researches. A number of clinical researches have also been performed to explore medicinal properties of Sirka (Vinegar). This review provides significant information on Sirka (Vinegar) as a traditional asset and furthers the scientific validation of pre existing facts. Keywords:  Sirka, Vinegar, Unani System of Medicine ...

Different Levels of Nitrogenous Fertilizer Application for Growth, Flowering and Yield Attributes of Glori lily (Gloriosa superba L.)

Research Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Different Levels of Nitrogenous Fertilizer Application for Growth, Flowering and Yield Attributes of Glori lily (Gloriosa superba L.) S. Deivasigamani Department of Agronomy, PGP College of Agricultural sciences, (Affiliated to Tamilnadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-3)  Palani Nagar, Namakkal, Tamilmadu, India Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1. Field experiment were conducted at farmer’s field, Devanur village, Ariyalur District of Tamil Nadu during 2008 to study the Different Levels of Nitrogenous Fertilizer Application for Growth, Flowering and Yield Attributes of glori lily. There were Five different treatments viz., Control  (T0), 100 per cent recommended  N (T1), 75 per cent recommended N (T2), 50 per cent recommended N (T3) and 25 per cent  recommended N (T4). The treatments were replicated four adopting RBD design. The growth and yield attributes of glori lily viz., plant height, leaf area index, number of primary branches plant-1, number of secondary branches plant-1, number of tertiary branches plant1,drymatter production (kg ha-1), days to fifty per cent flowering, number of pods plant-1, number of seeds pod-1 and hundred seed weight (g), were favorably  increased by the application of 100 per cent  recommended N (T1).  Seed and tuber yield (Kg ha-1) were greatly increased and the maximum seed and tuber yield were recorded. The uptake of NPK by glori lily was significantly increased by the above treatment combination. Application of 100 per cent recommended N (120 kg ha-1) (T1) gave the highest Gross income, Net income and return per rupee invested. Based on the above results, it can be concluded that inorganic use of 100 per cent recommended N (120 kg ha-1) is found to be an appropriate agro-technique for augmenting the productivity and profitability of glori lily without altering the soil fertility. It is a basic constituent in all proteins, enzymes, chlorophyll, certain parts ...


Dr. Juei-Tang Cheng 
 Chair-Professor, Institute of Medical Research, Chang Jung Christian University, Taiwan.


Dr. Abimbola Farinde

Professor, Columbia Southern University, Orange Beach, AL, USA.

Dr. Gianni Sacchetti 
Professor, Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Corso Ercole I d’Este 32, 44121 Ferrara, Italy.

Dr. Pongsak Rattanachaikunsopon
Professor, Department of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, Ubon Ratchathani University, Ubon Ratchathani 34190, Thailand.

Dr. Atanas Pavlov
Professor, Department Industrial Microbiology, Laboratory of Applied Biotechnologies, The Stephan Angeloff Institute of Microbiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria.

Dr. Parveen Bansal
Joint Director, University Centre of Excellence in Research, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot-151203 (Punjab), India.

Dr. Peter A. Akah
Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Dr. Petropoulos Spyridon
Department of Agriculture, Crop Production and Rural Environment, School of Agricultural Sciences, University of Thessaly, Magnissia, Greece.

Dr.Rabin Chandra Paramanik
AL-Falah Group of Institutions, behind kalya Gate, Ramanagara District, Magadi - 562120, Karnataka, India.

Dr. Snehangsu Sinha
College of Veterinary Science, AAU, Guwahati, Assam

Dr. Bajpayee Kaptain Kishor
Assistant Professor &HOD in the Botany Department, DR.RML P.G. COLLEGE (C.S.J.M. UNIVERSITY), HARDOI 241001 INDIA.

Dr. Sidharth Mehan
Associate Professor, Department Of Pharmacology, Rajendra Institute Of Technology & Sciences (Rits), Doping Control Officer (Nada), Ministory Of Youth Affairs And Sports, Government Of India.

Dr. Manisha H.Vite.
Associate Professor, Shivajirao Jondhle college of pharmacy, Asangaon, Mumbai.

Dr. Mayuri C. Rathod

Assistant Professor, Biotechnology Department, C.R.C. Building, Veer  Narmad  South Gujarat university,

Dr Ranjeet Satyawan Sawant
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Rasashastra & BK, KGMP Ayurvedic Mahavidyalaya, Charni Road, Mumbai.

Dr Jiban Shrestha
Scientist (Plant Breeding & Genetics), Nepal Agricultural Research Council, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

Dr. K.S. Kanwal
Scientist-C, G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development, North East Unit, Vivek Vihar, Itanagar-791113, Arunachal Pradesh, India

Dr. Swapnil Sabgonda Patil
Assistant Professor of Dept. of Rognidan Avum Vikrutividnyan and Working as a Pathologist in Dhanwantari Hospital, Ashta, Dist. Sangli.

Dr. Rozbeh Farhoudi
Head, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Shoshtar Branch, Shoshtar, Iran.

Dr. Ayub Khan
Chairman & Professor, Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Dr. Muhammad Hamayun 
Associate Professor & Chairman, Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan (AWKUM), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Dr. Amit R. Nampalliwar
Assistant Professor, Smt. K.G. Mittal Ayurved Medical College & Hospital, N.S. Road, Charni Road Station(West), MUMBAI-400002, India.

Dr. Fahmy Abd El-Rahman Sadek Hassan

Professor of Medicinal & Ornamental plants, Faculty of Agriculture, Tanta University, Egypt.

Dr. Kaptain Kishor Bajpayee
Assistant Professor & Head Deptt. of botany, Dr. RML degree college (C.S.J.M. University), Hardoi up241001, india.

Dr. Majid Sharifi-Rad
Department of Range and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Zabol,  Iran.

Dr. Devendra Kumar Patel
Assistant Professor, Rural Technology Department, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, (A Central University), Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh), India.

Dr.  Shyamapada Mandal
Associate Professor and Head, Department of Zoology, Laboratory of Microbiology and Experimental Medicine, University of Gour Banga, Malda-732 103, India

Dr. Abhishek J. Joshi
Chair of Ayurveda, Fakultas Ayurweda, Universitas Hindu Indonesia(UNHI), Denpasar, Bali, Republic of Indonesia.

Dr.  Datta Asaram Dhale
Assistant Professor, Post-Graduate Department of Botany, S.S.V.P.S.’S, L.K. Dr. P. R. Ghogrey Science College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India.

Dr. Ravi Shankar khatri
Assistant professor, Dep’t of Kaumarbhritya, A & U Tibbia College and hospital, karol bagh, India.

Dr. Shahin Gavanji
Chairman of “WAMS National Council of Iran at World Academy of Medical Sciences (WAMS), Chairman WAMS Oncology Research Group of Iran, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan, Isfahan, Iran, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Sciences and Technologies, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

Dr. Munesh Kumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Forestry, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand-249161, India

Dr. Shicheng Guo
Department of Bioengineering, The University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive MC 0412, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Dr. Parichat Phumkhachorn
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Science, Ubon Ratchathani University

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