Journal of Herbal Medicine Research


Different Levels of Nitrogenous Fertilizer Application for Growth, Flowering and Yield Attributes of Glori lily (Gloriosa superba L.)

Research Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Different Levels of Nitrogenous Fertilizer Application for Growth, Flowering and Yield Attributes of Glori lily (Gloriosa superba L.) S. Deivasigamani Department of Agronomy, PGP College of Agricultural sciences, (Affiliated to Tamilnadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-3)  Palani Nagar, Namakkal, Tamilmadu, India Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1. Field experiment were conducted at farmer’s field, Devanur village, Ariyalur District of Tamil Nadu during 2008 to study the Different Levels of Nitrogenous Fertilizer Application for Growth, Flowering and Yield Attributes of glori lily. There were Five different treatments viz., Control  (T0), 100 per cent recommended  N (T1), 75 per cent recommended N (T2), 50 per cent recommended N (T3) and 25 per cent  recommended N (T4). The treatments were replicated four adopting RBD design. The growth and yield attributes of glori lily viz., plant height, leaf area index, number of primary branches plant-1, number of secondary branches plant-1, number of tertiary branches plant1,drymatter production (kg ha-1), days to fifty per cent flowering, number of pods plant-1, number of seeds pod-1 and hundred seed weight (g), were favorably  increased by the application of 100 per cent  recommended N (T1).  Seed and tuber yield (Kg ha-1) were greatly increased and the maximum seed and tuber yield were recorded. The uptake of NPK by glori lily was significantly increased by the above treatment combination. Application of 100 per cent recommended N (120 kg ha-1) (T1) gave the highest Gross income, Net income and return per rupee invested. Based on the above results, it can be concluded that inorganic use of 100 per cent recommended N (120 kg ha-1) is found to be an appropriate agro-technique for augmenting the productivity and profitability of glori lily without altering the soil fertility. It is a basic constituent in all proteins, enzymes, chlorophyll, certain parts ...

Insecticidal Efficacy of Plumeria Species Leaf Extract on Two Economically Important Insects Populations: Mosquito (Anopheles) and Bean Weevils (Callosobruchus Maculatus)

Research Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Insecticidal Efficacy of Plumeria Species Leaf Extract on Two Economically Important Insects Populations: Mosquito (Anopheles) and Bean Weevils (Callosobruchus Maculatus) Aguoru, C. U.*,  Offia, K.L. and Olasan, J. O. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Agriculture, Makurdi. Nigeria. Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1. Insecticidal efficacy of two Plumeria species (P. rubra and P. obtusa) foliar extracts was tested on mosquito and beans weevil populations. The extent of efficacy was analysed using linear regression model. The aim was to determine if the plant, as a safer biological control method, could possibly solve the problem of increasing populations of these insects implicated in malaria ailment and food shortages respectively. Completely randomized experimental designs were set up with 4 interaction effects. Each treatment had 5 levels of concentration applied on the test organism and replicated 4 times. Number of dead organisms was recorded at a constant time interval. Percentage mortality was computed at 48hrs. Correlation coefficient R and Coefficient of determination R2 were computed. Equations connecting the dependent variable (mortality) and independent variable (extract concentration) were formulated with corresponding t-values at 95% confidence interval.  Residual statistics was also computed. Explanatory power of the extract-mortality model was depicted by analysis of variance. Reliability Statistics of the overall result was tested using the Cronbach's Alpha. As a result, P. obtusa yielded mosquito mortality rate of 86.2% while P. rubra was 88.75%.  P. obtusa and P. rubra accounted for 90% and 95% weevil mortality respectively.  Correlation coefficients were very high (Plumeria–mosquito =0.970; Plumeria-weevil =0.968) yielding high coefficients of determination R2 (94% and 93.7% respectively). The two linear regression equations thus allows for accurate predictability of the mortality rate of the insects with 95% confidence limit. Mosquito mortality rate= -7.812 + 38.875 x (Extract concentration). Weevil mortality rate=-4.875 + 39.250 x (Extract concentration). The explanatory power ...

Study on Vegetative Propagation using bulbs of Wild onion [Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth] in Herbal Garden for Ex-situ conservation

Research Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Study on Vegetative Propagation using bulbs of Wild onion [Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth] in Herbal Garden for Ex-situ conservation D. K. Patel* Department of Rural Technology, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, (A Central University), Bilaspur, 495009, Chhattisgarh, India. Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1. Plants are showing variable tendency in their morphological structure and also in their habit, habitat and presence in nature. These are also performing a major role in construction of biodiversity in certain ecological areas. Fr seasonal appearances in nature plants are showing diversity in their propagation rate and modes. Seeds are important structure developed after fertilization in plants but the plants which does not includes seeds in their life are well potent to propagate using their vegetative parts and/or by the modified structures like bulb, tuber, rhizome etc. Wild onion [Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth] includes bulbs inside of soil which after maturation produces many small bulbs. These adventitious buds are separated from mother bulb carefully without damage the bulbs and are used as a plant source to develop new individuals of this plant. The current experiment was done in prepared poly bags (filled with soil, sand and manure mixture equally) followed by the proper supply of the water. During of the experimentation necessary facilities provided as per need of the developing bulbs to convert in to new plant. Above rapid propagation was made in herbal garden aimed for its propagation as well as for ex-situ conservation. Keywords: Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth, Bulb, Vegetative propagation, Herbal garden, Ex-situ conservation ...

Bak Foong Pill and Bak Foong Capsule

Review Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Bak Foong Pill and Bak Foong Capsule Siyao Ma* Shen Zhen Tian Yue Pharmaceutical Co. ,LTD., Shenzhen, Guangdong, China Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1. ABSTRACT Bak Foong pill is a well known prescription to treat gynecological disorders in China. It comprises with more than 20 Chinese herbs including Wuji, Antler, Turtle Shell, Oysters, Sang Cuttlebone, Ginseng, Astragalus, Angelica, White Peony Root, Cyperus, Aspartame, Licorice, Rehmannia, Chuanxiong, silver Bupleurum, Salvia, Yam and Gorgon et al.. Based on the theory of Chinese Medicine, its indications include Qi and blood deficiency, frail, weak waist, irregular menstruation and uterine bleeding vaginal discharge. Previous studies mainly focused on reporting Bak Foong pill. In this review, we will introduce Bak Foong capsule, a new type of Bak Foong preparation, and compare the difference between Bak Foong Pill and Bak Foong capsule based on their prescription composition, indications and modern clinical application. In conclusion, Bak Foong capsule has the same function as Bak Foong pill although Bak Foong capsule has less Chinese herbs. More studies on Bak Foong capsule will help us treat diseases like uterine bleeding vaginal discharge and know the possible difference between Bak Foong pill and Bak Foong capsule. Keywords: Bak Foong Pill, Bak Foong capsule, Wujibaifeng pill, Wujibaifeng capsule ...

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