Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Reviews

Proximate Analysis and Phytochemeical Screening on Root of Cnidoscolus carumbium

Research Article of Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Reviews Proximate Analysis and Phytochemeical Screening on Root of Cnidoscolus carumbium *Neji, P. A1, Ushie O. A2, Alobi, N. O3, Neji, H. A4 and Etim, A. N5 1,3& 5Dept of Chemical Sciences, Cross River University of Technology, Calabar Nigeria 2Dept of Chemical Sciences, Federal University, Wukari Nigeria 4Dept of Science Education, University of Calabar, Nigeria The root of Cnidoscolus carumbium was soaked in water for 48 hours and filtered. The residue was oven dried at 800C for 4hrs. Further extraction process was done on the residue by soxhlet extraction method using different organic solvent mixtures of 500cm3 of hexane, acetone and methanol in the ratio 3:1:1 mixture. Proximate analysis for roots revealed Moisture content (19.1%), Fiber (17.7%), Crude protein (2.2%), Ash (15.5%), crude fat (1.0%), and carbohydrate (44.5%), indicating high nutritional value. The result for the extraction shows the presence of phytochemicals such as saponin, alkaloid, steroid flavonoid, phenol, tannin, cardiac glycosides, terpenoid and phlobatanin due to the solvent mixture possessing wide polarity thereby enabling the extraction of all the phytochemicals. Keywords: Proximate Analysis, Phytochemeical Screening, Root, Cnidoscolus carumbium ...

An Overview On Diabetes

Review Article of Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Reviews An Overview On Diabetes R.Ramasubramania raja M.Sekar P.Lathasri, Paula preethi Department of Pharmacognonsy, Narayana Pharmacy college, Nellore, A.P In India more than 62 million diabetic individuals currently diagnosed with the disease. The prevalence of diabetes is more in India and is increasing rapidly. Herbal formulations are preferred due to lesser side effects and low cost. A list of medicinal plants with proven antidiabetic and related beneficial effects of herbal drug used in treatment of diabetes is compiled. Keywords: diabetic, India, Herbal formulations, Treatment ...

Utility of Marine Organisms as a Drug Source: the Perspective

Review Article of Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Reviews Utility of Marine Organisms as a Drug Source: the Perspective Pt. (Dr.) Kartikay Pandey¹*, Chakra Chalamala² ¹Researcher, “Dr. Pandey's Laboratories and Research Foundation", Lucknow, India. ²7150 North Maple Avenue, Fresno CA, 93720, USA. More than 70% of our planet’s surface is covered with sea/salty water. Even the world's oldest, most revered and holiest texts, the Vedas, term the Ocean as ‘Ratnakar’, or the bestower of immense riches. From pre-historic times the ocean/marine world has been a source of inspiration, awe & adventure for Mankind. Contemporary science discovered potent bioactive, chemical compounds from marine organisms not before 1950s, for the first time. At present, several potent cytotoxic and anticancer drug leads, from secondary metabolites biosynthesized in Marine invertebrates, have been identified, characterised and some of them have even been synthesized. In order to tackle the problem of supply, even artificial culture of Marine organisms has been successfully attempted. Some of such vital aspects are discussed here. Keywords: Marine Organisms, Drug Source, Perspective ...

Alkaloids an overview

Review Article of Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Reviews Alkaloids – an overview R.Ramasubramania raja, M.Likitha, M.Sekar Department of pharmacognosy, narayana pharmacy college Nellore,A.P Alkaloids are a chemically heterogenous group of natural substances and comprises more than 6000 basic nitrogen containing organic compounds which occur in about 15 percent of all vascular terrestrial plants and in more than 150 different plants families. The alkaloids exhibit diversity of structures and also show an extraordinary spectrum of pharmacological activities. Because of these characters, they are important for chemical, physiological, taxonomic and biogenetic studies. Keywords: Alkaloids, organic, spectrum, taxonomic ...

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Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Reviews