Journal of Plant and Environmental Research


Determination of some Heavy Metals Speciation Pattern in Typha domingensis invaded Soil in Bauchi, Nigeria

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Determination of some Heavy Metals Speciation Pattern in Typha domingensis invaded Soil in Bauchi, Nigeria U .F 1, Hassan, H. F2, Ushie, O. A3, MUSA, Z .A2 and Ntui, T.N4 1 Department of Chemistry, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria;2General Hospital, Bauchi State, Nigeria; 3Department of Chemical Science, Federal University, Wukari Nigeria; 4Department of Chemical Science, Cross River University of Technology Calabar, Nigeria The speciation of some heavy metals on Typha domingensis invaded soil along Gombe road, Bauchi were evaluated. Soil samples from the Typha domengensis invaded soil and the control site were collected and analysed for exchangeable bound metals, carbonate bound metals, manganese bound metals, iron-manganese bound metals, organic/sulphide bound metals and residual bound metals. The results on the Typha domingensis invaded soil were found to be exchangeable bound metals; Fe 1.47 ± 0.21 mg/dm3, Zn 1.45 ± 0.02 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.16 ± 0.04 mg/dm3. Carbonate bound metals Fe 26.10 ± 1.01 mg/dm3, Zn 2.66 ± 0.17 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.89 ± 0.03 mg/dm3 and Manganese bound metals Fe 14.50 ± 0.45 mg/dm3, Zn 4.03 ± 0.78 mg/dm3 and Pb 1.22 ± 0.06 mg/dm3. Iron-manganese bound metals Fe 120.40 ± 19.15 mg/dm3, Zn 6.79 ± 1.12 mg/dm3 and Pb 2.16 ± 0.05 mg/dm3. Organic/sulphide bound metals Fe 5.90 ± 0.50 mg/dm3, Zn 4.14 ± 0.68 mg/dm3 and Pb 3.58 ± 0.07 mg/dm3. Residual bound metals Fe 13.10 ± 0.55 mg/dm3, Zn 6.12 ± 0.17 mg/dm3 and Pb 4.48 ± 0.09 mg/dm3.The results of the control sample (without Typha domingensis) shows that the exchangeable bound metals Fe 9.40 ± 1.89 mg/dm3, Zn 1.71 ± 0.45 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.28 ± 0.05 mg/dm3, Carbonate bound metals Fe 0.70 ± 0.12 mg/dm3, Zn 2.20 ± 0.71 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.46 ± 0.12 mg/dm3, ...

Herbal home garden and ex-situ conservation of medicinal plants

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Herbal home garden and ex-situ conservation of medicinal plants for promotion and conservation of traditional health knowledge: a geographical perspective Nitu  University of Delhi, Delhi Herbal home remedies have a long history which is in the form of oral tradition. Herbs and other locally available medicinal plants have been used for healing purposes and maintaining good health since time immemorial. These practices of healthy living and use of herbs for curing diseases enunciated in Ayurveda and are in vogue in Indian households even today. The current status of herbal home garden along with government and private run herbal gardens have been studied in Haridwar (Uttarakhand),and Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh in the year 2008-2009 and 2012-2013 respectively. From Haridwar, total of 75 households were chosen from three distinct geographical locations by using random sampling method. Herbal gardens of Brahmavarchas located at Shatikunj, and Patanjali Yogpeeth, Haridwar were also taken for the study. From the district Kangra, two governments and one private owned herbal gardens were chosen for the study. For the collection of primary information, well-structured questionnaires were used during the field surveys. Focus Group Discussion and personal interviews were applied to document the uses of medicinal plants as health care measure. Besides a review of relevant literature, the research used a variety of qualitative techniques, such as semi-structured, in-depth interviews and participant observations. The present study facilitates a better understanding of the present status of indigenous knowledge system, local innovations and practice of herbal based home remedies and the traditional knowledge is diffused in the society. The cultural set up and old aged traditional knowledge system is a way of life in Indian households and Indian kitchen and herbal home garden render valuable health care system. Irrespective of geographical localities viz ...

Compost production of rice husks with chicken bones and its effects in soil pH

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Rapid composting of rice husks with chicken bones to produce compost rich with calcium and the effect of product compost in the increase of soil pH value Rabah S. Shareef 1, 2,  Awang soh3, Zakaria Wahab4 and Ibni Hajar Rukunudin 5 1College of Education-Al-Qiam, University of Anbar, Iraq. 2 School of Bioprocess Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis,   Perlis,, Malaysia. 3 School of Bioprocess Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis,   Perlis,, Malaysia. 4 School of Biosystem Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis,   Perlis,, Malaysia. 5 School of Bioprocess Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis,   Perlis,, Malaysia. Compost production is considered an economic and environmentally friendly means to reduce the waste going into landfill. It is a novel study of compost production from raw materials which are available in Malaysia, especially the northern region to get a high percentage of carbon and calcium to be used in the treatment of soils that suffering from leached very high amounts of calcium and magnesium because heavy precipitation particularly in the tropical soils. Compost application can improve soil quality and productivity as well as sustainability of agricultural production by replenishing soil organic matter and supplying nutrients. The results indicated an increase in ratio of calcium, also increase ratio of nitrogen and pH. Keywords: Compost production, rice husks, chicken bones, calcium, pH ...

Interactive effect of water deficiency, gibberellic acid and proline on maize

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research The interactive effect of the water deficiency, gibberellic acid and proline on the growth of maize MUSTAFA. R. AL-SHAHEEN1,2 Muaiad Hadi Ismael1 1Department of Field Crop, College of Agriculture, University of Anbar, Anbar, Iraq 2School of Bioprocess Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, Perlis, Malaysia A field experiment was conducted in Padang Besar, Perlis, Malaysia from 15/2/2014 and 15/2/2015 two seasons. In each year, the experiments have been implemented in order to study the effect of three levels of irrigation water (25% (no stress), 50% (moderate deficit), 75% (water deficit) of field capacity), and five concentrations of GA3(0, 50, 100, 200, 300 ppm) and five concentrations of proline (0, 100, 200, 300, 400 ppm) on the yield and productivity of maize.The results showed a significant influence of sprayed GA3on the maize leaves, where excellence sprayed 300ppm GA3 with a high rate of all the study characteristics with sprayed 300ppm of gibberellic acid except cobs per plant. The results of the interaction between GA3and water deficit showed the clear influence of water deficit in reducing all characteristics of study where excelled the interactions (300ppm GA3 and 25% from field capacity) with a high rate of majority study characteristics, but these increases were not sufficient. Concluded from the results of the study great positive impact of sprayed proline on the all of the growth characteristics, it characterizes the concentration of 400ppm with the highest rate of majority study characteristics. The study results showed into increased the rate of protein, chlorophyll content, and oil, with sprayed 400ppm of proline. Keywords: water stress, proline, gibberellic acid, corn growth, irrigation level ...

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Journal of Plant and Environmental Research

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