Journal of Plant and Environmental Research

Toxicological effects of Ambrosia maritima in Nubian goats

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Toxicological effects of Ambrosia maritima in Nubian goats Ilham, M.O. Ahmed1, Mohammed, A.S.1, Halima, M. O.1 and Ibtehal, M.A. Ahmed2 1 Veterinary Research Institute, P.O. Box: 8067 (Al Amarat), Khartoum/Sudan 2 Faculty of Medicine University of Khartoum/ Sudan Toxicity of Indigenous plant Ambrosia maritima was investigated. Twenty fore, 6-8 month old, 12 female and 12 male of Sudanese Nubian goats were used. Dried Leaves powder of Ambrosia maritima was mixed with water and given orally by drench to the animals at a dose of 1000 or 2000mg/kg/day for 126 days. Two females drenched the plant at a dose of 1000mg/kg/day, were died at day 8 and 9 post treatment and one female drenched the plant at a dose of 2000/kg/day died at day 13. The results revealed that goats drenched the plant for 126 days, showed chronic toxicity evident by clinical symptoms, pathological and biochemical changes. The main symptoms were watery diarrhea, inappetance, respiratory distress and depression. Later these symptoms disappeared and the animals appeared healthy. The most evident pathological features were hydrothorax, hydropretonium, hydropericardium, and enlargement of the liver. Histopathological changes were exemplified by degeneration and necrosis of the hepatic cells. Focal necrosis, congestion and haemorrhag of proximal convoluted tubules. Necrosis of intestinal vili with severe infelteration of inflammatory cells. Congestion of alveolar capillaries and pancreatic hyperplasia. These changes were correlated to the activity of Asparate Aminotransferase (AST), Alkaline phosphate (ALP), the concentration of cholesterol, sodium and potassium in the serum, and with the hematological values. The effect of the plant on males was less marked compared to that on female goats. There was gradual increase in mean body-weight of both sexes. Keywords: Ambrosia maritima, Nubian goats Toxicity, serology, hematology ...

Dr. Shishir Kumar Gangwar
Associate Professor (UNDP), College of Medical & Health Science, Wollega University

Dr. Feng Lin
Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences, Michigan State University

Dr. Baybars Ali Fil
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Balıkesir University

Dr. Aamir Javed
EMBRYOLOGIST, Dept of Biotechnology & EMBRYOLOGY, Bangalore,INDIA

Dr. B. Thangagiri
Assistant Professor (Senior Grade), Department of Chemistry, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College

Dr. Aprile Alessio
University of Salento

Mohamed A. Ghorab
Wildlife Toxicology Laboratory, Animal Science Department, Michigan State University

Dr. Huma Qureshi
PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Dr. Himanshu Kapoor
Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Lovely Professional University

Dr. K. Jayakumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, A.v.c College (Autonomous)

Dr. Chandra Prakash Kala
Ecosystem & Environment Management, Indian Institute of Forest Management, Nehru Nagar, Bhopal 462 003, Madhya Pradesh India

Dr. Pawan Kumar Bharti Chauhan
MSc, PhD, PGDISM, FASEA, FANSF, Environmental Scientist, Delhi-7, India

Prof.Dr. Abdelfattah S. A. Saad
Professor of Pesticide-Chemistry and Environmental Toxicology

Dr. Begum Sertyesilisik
Assoc. Prof. at the Istanbul Technical University

Dr Geetika Trivedi
Research Scientist, Genomics Services Lab, HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, AL 35806, USA

Dr. K.S. Kanwal
G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development

Dr. Hossein Alizadeh
Research Officer, Lincoln University

Dr. Mohammad Mehdizadeh
PhD of Weed Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

Dr. Arvind Bijalwan
Assistant Professor, Faculty area of Technical Forestry, Indian Institute of Forest Management

Minhajur Rahman
Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, University of Chittagong

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1.Mahmoud E. Younis, Shaimaa M. N. Tourky and Shaimaa E. A. Elsharkawy.Element content, growth and metabolic changes in Cu- and Cd- stressed Phaseolus vulgaris plants. Journal of Plant and Environmental Research, 2018,3:9. DOI:10.28933/jper-2018-07-2001 
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Journal of Plant and Environmental Research