Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences


MILK PROCESSING AND UTILIZATION IN WEST AFRICAN SUB-REGION: A REVIEW

Review Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences MILK PROCESSING AND UTILIZATION IN WEST AFRICAN SUB-REGION: A REVIEW Kubkomawa, H.I. Department of Fisheries Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi Adamawa State, Nigeria The objective of this paper was to review milk processing techniques and consumption rate in West African Sub-Region. The Nigerian dairy industry represents an important component of the agribusiness sector of the economy with great economic, nutritional, and social benefits. Processing of fresh milk is achieved by local techniques into various traditional milk products. About 47kg of liquid milk per individual is consumed per year in Nigeria compared to an average of 25kg for the sub-Saharan Africa region. Consumers display strong preference for locally produced and processed products such as nono (sour milk), kindirmo (sour yoghurt), maishanu (local butter), cuku (Fulani cheese) and wara (Yoruba cheese). The choice of preference is based on flavour, perceived nutritional value and regional customs and beliefs. Similarly, the local products are believed to be cheaper than their imported counterparts. Sour milk and local butter accounted for over 30% of all dairy products consumption. Urban household consume about 20% more dairy products than rural household. Pastoralists are mostly the producers, but consume less of the products. Modern milk processing techniques and higher consumption rate should be encouraged in West African Sub-Region to ensure improved human and animal productivity in the region. Keywords:   Milk Processing Techniques, Consumption Rate, Nutritional Benefits, West Africa ...

Prevalence of Ovine Haemonchosis and Associated Risk Factors in Jimma Municipal Abattoir

Research Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Prevalence of Ovine Haemonchosis and Associated Risk Factors in Jimma Municipal Abattoir Ataro Abera Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma, Ethiopia Haemonchus contortus is a blood sucking nematode parasite of sheep all over the tropics and subtropics which causes retarded growth, lower productivity and even mortality in young animals. A cross sectional study was conducted from April, 2018 to May, 2018 in sheep slaughtered at Jimma municipal abattoir in Jimma town conducted using purposive. Purposively, sheep were selected during ante-mortem examination and the necessary information was recorded in data collection format. In the present study, a total of 384 sheep (217 males and 167 females) were slaughtered at the Jimma municipal abattoir and inspected for the presence or absence of the parasite. Accordingly, the findings of this study revealed that an overall prevalence of 33.1% was recorded. High prevalence of disease occur in poor body condition score 117/245(47.8) and low prevalence occur in good body condition score 10/139 (7.2%) and there was statistically significant differences (P= 0.000) between body condition scores. Among the male and female slaughtered sheep, 70 (32.3%) and 57 (34.2%) were found to be positive for H. contortus, respectively; and shows no statistical significant difference (P >0.05) between sex. Based on age group, prevalence of haemonchosis was 57 (30.5%) and 70 (35.5 %), in young and adult, respectively. The result from the present study indicated that there was no statistical significance (P > 0.05) among age groups. There is no statistical significance difference (P > 0.05) between urban and rural origin of sheep. In the present study, moderate prevalence of H. contortus was observed in sheep during the study period. Therefore, strategic prevention and control measures should be implemented to decrease the burden of the ...

Professional training in mindfulness in brazil: what is the profile of participants?

Research Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Professional training in mindfulness in brazil: what is the profile of participants? Leao H.F.P¹; Oliveira D.R2; Demarzo M³ ¹Graduating in Neuropsychology – FPS / PE - Brazil; ²Research Manager of Brazilian Center for Mindfulness and Health Promotion, Mente Aberta – UNIFESP, campus Santo Amaro e Guest Teacher of the Mindfulness Specialization course at the Federal University of São Paulo Paulo - UNIFESP / SP., ³Coordinator of the Brazilian Center for Mindfulness and Health Promotion – Mente Aberta - UNIFESP - Department of Preventive Medicine of the Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP) and Albert Einstein - Israeli Institute of Education and Research. Introduction: During the last 30 years, mindfulness interventions have been used worldwide for prevention and treatment of anxiety, depression, and chronic pain, with exponential growth of scientific evidence on the subject. Training professionals in Brazil is fundamental for the implementation of these interventions all over the country, and knowing the profile of those who seek training is important to make it more effective and accessible. Objective: To describe the professional profile of the participants of a group of the Mindfulness Instructor Training Program of the Brazilian Center for Mindfulness and Health Promotion (Open Mind - UNIFESP). Methodology: Twenty-nine volunteers from the basic module group of the mindfulness instructors training course held in September 2017 participated in this study. Data such as area of work, professional training, gender, age and city were collected from the partner questionnaire -demographic and provided by the Open Mind Center. Results: Of the 29 volunteers evaluated in this study, 79.31% were women and 20.69% were men (age = 45.44 years, ± 12.56 years). 96.56% are Brazilian, and 85.71% of these are residents of the Southeast region. Regarding the professional profile, 68.97% work in health promotion, ...

Shantala as nursing practice in children’s health

Review Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Shantala as nursing practice in children's health Santos R.G1, Oliveira M.A.C2; Cordeiro R.F3, Macedo T.A4, Sousa V.J5 ¹Graduating in Nursing at the University Center Dr. Tabosa de Almeida - ASCES-UNITA; 2, 3, 4 Graduating in Nursing at the University Center Dr. Tabosa de Almeida - ASCES-UNITA; 5Docente of the Nursing Course of ASCES-UNITA, Master in Child and Adolescent Health. Introduction: The Indian Shantala Technique has been recognized and employed by various groups around the world, first inspired by the doctor obstetrician Frédérick Leboyer in 1976, understands that the first essays of a child’s life are structural and formative, several authors agree that the massage method brings improvements to both mother and child, and the mother performs. This exchange provides experiences that perpetuate the importance of this unique and fundamental bond to a baby’s healthy development. (BERNSMULLER, 2012). Objectives: To demonstrate the importance of teaching and stimulating Shantala in childcare. Methodology: This study is a review of bibliographic literature of the descriptive type, enabling a systematized research on the issues addressed in the scientific field, having this as the conducting question of research: How important is the nurse to stimulate and teach Shantala in childcare? Being researched in the main data bases: Lilacs, Scielo, Bireme, BVS. As inclusion criteria were considered: articles, theses and monographs available in full format, between 2010 and 2016. Results and Discussion: Through Shantala beyond the mother / child bond be strengthened, as it is an act of love, being more than a massage, it is also possible to obtain results like calmer sleep, decrease of colic, better functioning of the intestine, among others. (MOURA et al, 2015). The body massage helps to make information about the baby perceptible, so that the baby receives answers that allow adjustments ...

Dr. Kshitij Shinghal
Associate Professor and Dean Academics, MIT Mordabad, Uttar Pradesh

Dr. Boumediene Haddad
Associate professor, Department of Chemistry, Dr. Moulay Taher University

Dr. Azeez Abdullah Barzinjy
PhD (Materials Science), Department of Physics, College of Education, Salahaddin University –Erbil

Dr. Hossein Alizadeh
Research Officer, Lincoln University

Dr. Faris Alshubiri
Associate Professor /Finance, Dhofar University

Dr. Milena Palczewska
Vice Dean for student affairs, Military Faculty, War Studies University, al. gen. Antoniego Chruściela “Montera” 10300-910 Warszawa

Dr. D. Madan
Associate Professor, Dept of Mech, Sri indu college of engineering and technology, Hyderabad

Dr. Shankar T Battase
Assistant Professor and Head, Dept. of Commerce and Management, Govt. First Grade College Sindagi (Affiliated to Rani Channamma University)

Dr. P. Karthikeyan
Associate Professor, School of Management Studies, Kongu Engineering College

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1.Leao H.F.P; Oliveira D.R; Demarzo M. Professional training in mindfulness in brazil: what is the profile of participants?.Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, 2018, 1:5. DOI:10.28933/jtas-2018-06-1805  
2.Santos R.G, Oliveira M.A.C; Cordeiro R.F, Macedo T.A, Sousa V.J. Shantala as nursing practice in children’s health.Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, 2018, 1:4. DOI:10.28933/jtas-2018-06-1804

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