Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences

Professional training in mindfulness in brazil: what is the profile of participants?

Research Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Professional training in mindfulness in brazil: what is the profile of participants? Leao H.F.P¹; Oliveira D.R2; Demarzo M³ ¹Graduating in Neuropsychology – FPS / PE - Brazil; ²Research Manager of Brazilian Center for Mindfulness and Health Promotion, Mente Aberta – UNIFESP, campus Santo Amaro e Guest Teacher of the Mindfulness Specialization course at the Federal University of São Paulo Paulo - UNIFESP / SP., ³Coordinator of the Brazilian Center for Mindfulness and Health Promotion – Mente Aberta - UNIFESP - Department of Preventive Medicine of the Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP) and Albert Einstein - Israeli Institute of Education and Research. Introduction: During the last 30 years, mindfulness interventions have been used worldwide for prevention and treatment of anxiety, depression, and chronic pain, with exponential growth of scientific evidence on the subject. Training professionals in Brazil is fundamental for the implementation of these interventions all over the country, and knowing the profile of those who seek training is important to make it more effective and accessible. Objective: To describe the professional profile of the participants of a group of the Mindfulness Instructor Training Program of the Brazilian Center for Mindfulness and Health Promotion (Open Mind - UNIFESP). Methodology: Twenty-nine volunteers from the basic module group of the mindfulness instructors training course held in September 2017 participated in this study. Data such as area of work, professional training, gender, age and city were collected from the partner questionnaire -demographic and provided by the Open Mind Center. Results: Of the 29 volunteers evaluated in this study, 79.31% were women and 20.69% were men (age = 45.44 years, ± 12.56 years). 96.56% are Brazilian, and 85.71% of these are residents of the Southeast region. Regarding the professional profile, 68.97% work in health promotion, ...

Shantala as nursing practice in children’s health

Review Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Shantala as nursing practice in children's health Santos R.G1, Oliveira M.A.C2; Cordeiro R.F3, Macedo T.A4, Sousa V.J5 ¹Graduating in Nursing at the University Center Dr. Tabosa de Almeida - ASCES-UNITA; 2, 3, 4 Graduating in Nursing at the University Center Dr. Tabosa de Almeida - ASCES-UNITA; 5Docente of the Nursing Course of ASCES-UNITA, Master in Child and Adolescent Health. Introduction: The Indian Shantala Technique has been recognized and employed by various groups around the world, first inspired by the doctor obstetrician Frédérick Leboyer in 1976, understands that the first essays of a child’s life are structural and formative, several authors agree that the massage method brings improvements to both mother and child, and the mother performs. This exchange provides experiences that perpetuate the importance of this unique and fundamental bond to a baby’s healthy development. (BERNSMULLER, 2012). Objectives: To demonstrate the importance of teaching and stimulating Shantala in childcare. Methodology: This study is a review of bibliographic literature of the descriptive type, enabling a systematized research on the issues addressed in the scientific field, having this as the conducting question of research: How important is the nurse to stimulate and teach Shantala in childcare? Being researched in the main data bases: Lilacs, Scielo, Bireme, BVS. As inclusion criteria were considered: articles, theses and monographs available in full format, between 2010 and 2016. Results and Discussion: Through Shantala beyond the mother / child bond be strengthened, as it is an act of love, being more than a massage, it is also possible to obtain results like calmer sleep, decrease of colic, better functioning of the intestine, among others. (MOURA et al, 2015). The body massage helps to make information about the baby perceptible, so that the baby receives answers that allow adjustments ...

Verbotonal methodology: practical activities for patients with emissive aphasia

Research Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Verbotonal methodology: practical activities for patients with emissive aphasia Frexeira M.S1, Veras A.R.A.L2, Venâncio D.T.P3, Silva I.C.F1, Silva L.G3, Cordeiro L.G.F3 1Speech Therapist; 2Speech Therapist, Master, Phonoaudiology Faculdade São Miguel –PE;3Students of the Speech-Language Pathology Centro Universitário de João Pessoa- UNIPÊ. Introduction: Language is a systematic means of communicating capable of moving a society, manifesting itself in various forms and transmitting communication. The abrupt loss of language’s force due to a brain damage, such as aphasia, can cause significant injury. Aphasia could be defined as the complete or partial loss of the condition of expressing through speech, writing or gestures, interfering even in the ability to comprehend oral and written. On the other hand, the verbotonal methodology is a technique of language re-education that can be applied to correct the communication problems. Objective: The aim of this project is to elaborate a manual with practical activities based on Verbotonal Methodology for patients with Emissive Aphasias. Method: A qualitative descriptive and theoretical research was done. First, the bibliographic data were collected to begin the development of the manual. The contents were analyzed and the elaboration of the suggested activities was begun. Results: The manual discusses the Verbotonal Methodology that consists in the techniques: audiovisual, joint, musical and corporal rhythms and individual, the objective of the techniques and, therefore, the activities. The Audiovisual technique was illustrated using story demonstrations that could be used to restructure the morphosyntax. For the Joint technique activities were developed to reorganize the syntax. In relation to the Body Rhythm Technique, the illustration of each body movement was elaborated to better visualize the movements and application within the therapeutic process. For the Ritmo Musical technique, activities were elaborated to restructure the suprasegmental aspects. And for the Individual technique, activities ...

Syphilis in Adolescents

Research Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Syphilis in Adolescents Marinho C.A.J¹, Pessoa C.M.G², Ramos R.C.F³ ¹Estudante do curso de Medicina da UNICAP; ²Médica residente de Infectologia do Hospital das Clínicas/UFPE, ³Docente Curso de Medicina da UNICAP Introduction: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease cause by Tepronema pallidum. The first cases were reported over 500 years ago, in Italy. Even though the worldwide efforts to eradicate the disease until the end of the 20th centure, the numbers of infections have increased in the last years, mostly among teenagers. In addiftion of the cronic complications that can remain if the infection is not properly treated, it subserves the HIV coinfection. The recent increase of reports shows that it is still a public health threat. The purpose of this article is to describe and discuss the increase of syphilis infection among adolescents, as well as its rick factors. Methodology: Cases reported to the Epidemiological Bulletin of the Health Department of the State of Pernambuco, between 2011 and 2015, were analyzed and compared. The range age was 10 to 49 years. Results: There was an increase in the number of reported cases of syphilis in all age groups. The highest proportional increase was found among adolescents, 6 times higher in 2015 than in 2011. There was also a prevalence in females due to asymptomatic genital infections, female recipient anatomy in the sexual act and gender inequality. The main risk factors are infrequent condom use, sexual abuse, school backwardness, the use of licit and illicit drugs, and low socioeconomic conditions. Concurrently with the outbreak of syphilis, there is a lack of benzathine penicillin, standard antimicrobial used for proper treatment. Pregnant adolescents are the second group with the highest incidence of the disease. This fact, along with the lack of penicillin, may predispose ...

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Journal of Theoretical and Applied sciences