Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences


Prevalence of Ovine Haemonchosis and Associated Risk Factors in Jimma Municipal Abattoir

Research Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Prevalence of Ovine Haemonchosis and Associated Risk Factors in Jimma Municipal Abattoir Ataro Abera Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma, Ethiopia Haemonchus contortus is a blood sucking nematode parasite of sheep all over the tropics and subtropics which causes retarded growth, lower productivity and even mortality in young animals. A cross sectional study was conducted from April, 2018 to May, 2018 in sheep slaughtered at Jimma municipal abattoir in Jimma town conducted using purposive. Purposively, sheep were selected during ante-mortem examination and the necessary information was recorded in data collection format. In the present study, a total of 384 sheep (217 males and 167 females) were slaughtered at the Jimma municipal abattoir and inspected for the presence or absence of the parasite. Accordingly, the findings of this study revealed that an overall prevalence of 33.1% was recorded. High prevalence of disease occur in poor body condition score 117/245(47.8) and low prevalence occur in good body condition score 10/139 (7.2%) and there was statistically significant differences (P= 0.000) between body condition scores. Among the male and female slaughtered sheep, 70 (32.3%) and 57 (34.2%) were found to be positive for H. contortus, respectively; and shows no statistical significant difference (P >0.05) between sex. Based on age group, prevalence of haemonchosis was 57 (30.5%) and 70 (35.5 %), in young and adult, respectively. The result from the present study indicated that there was no statistical significance (P > 0.05) among age groups. There is no statistical significance difference (P > 0.05) between urban and rural origin of sheep. In the present study, moderate prevalence of H. contortus was observed in sheep during the study period. Therefore, strategic prevention and control measures should be implemented to decrease the burden of the ...

Professional training in mindfulness in brazil: what is the profile of participants?

Research Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Professional training in mindfulness in brazil: what is the profile of participants? Leao H.F.P¹; Oliveira D.R2; Demarzo M³ ¹Graduating in Neuropsychology – FPS / PE - Brazil; ²Research Manager of Brazilian Center for Mindfulness and Health Promotion, Mente Aberta – UNIFESP, campus Santo Amaro e Guest Teacher of the Mindfulness Specialization course at the Federal University of São Paulo Paulo - UNIFESP / SP., ³Coordinator of the Brazilian Center for Mindfulness and Health Promotion – Mente Aberta - UNIFESP - Department of Preventive Medicine of the Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP) and Albert Einstein - Israeli Institute of Education and Research. Introduction: During the last 30 years, mindfulness interventions have been used worldwide for prevention and treatment of anxiety, depression, and chronic pain, with exponential growth of scientific evidence on the subject. Training professionals in Brazil is fundamental for the implementation of these interventions all over the country, and knowing the profile of those who seek training is important to make it more effective and accessible. Objective: To describe the professional profile of the participants of a group of the Mindfulness Instructor Training Program of the Brazilian Center for Mindfulness and Health Promotion (Open Mind - UNIFESP). Methodology: Twenty-nine volunteers from the basic module group of the mindfulness instructors training course held in September 2017 participated in this study. Data such as area of work, professional training, gender, age and city were collected from the partner questionnaire -demographic and provided by the Open Mind Center. Results: Of the 29 volunteers evaluated in this study, 79.31% were women and 20.69% were men (age = 45.44 years, ± 12.56 years). 96.56% are Brazilian, and 85.71% of these are residents of the Southeast region. Regarding the professional profile, 68.97% work in health promotion, ...

Shantala as nursing practice in children’s health

Review Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Shantala as nursing practice in children's health Santos R.G1, Oliveira M.A.C2; Cordeiro R.F3, Macedo T.A4, Sousa V.J5 ¹Graduating in Nursing at the University Center Dr. Tabosa de Almeida - ASCES-UNITA; 2, 3, 4 Graduating in Nursing at the University Center Dr. Tabosa de Almeida - ASCES-UNITA; 5Docente of the Nursing Course of ASCES-UNITA, Master in Child and Adolescent Health. Introduction: The Indian Shantala Technique has been recognized and employed by various groups around the world, first inspired by the doctor obstetrician Frédérick Leboyer in 1976, understands that the first essays of a child’s life are structural and formative, several authors agree that the massage method brings improvements to both mother and child, and the mother performs. This exchange provides experiences that perpetuate the importance of this unique and fundamental bond to a baby’s healthy development. (BERNSMULLER, 2012). Objectives: To demonstrate the importance of teaching and stimulating Shantala in childcare. Methodology: This study is a review of bibliographic literature of the descriptive type, enabling a systematized research on the issues addressed in the scientific field, having this as the conducting question of research: How important is the nurse to stimulate and teach Shantala in childcare? Being researched in the main data bases: Lilacs, Scielo, Bireme, BVS. As inclusion criteria were considered: articles, theses and monographs available in full format, between 2010 and 2016. Results and Discussion: Through Shantala beyond the mother / child bond be strengthened, as it is an act of love, being more than a massage, it is also possible to obtain results like calmer sleep, decrease of colic, better functioning of the intestine, among others. (MOURA et al, 2015). The body massage helps to make information about the baby perceptible, so that the baby receives answers that allow adjustments ...

Verbotonal methodology: practical activities for patients with emissive aphasia

Research Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Verbotonal methodology: practical activities for patients with emissive aphasia Frexeira M.S1, Veras A.R.A.L2, Venâncio D.T.P3, Silva I.C.F1, Silva L.G3, Cordeiro L.G.F3 1Speech Therapist; 2Speech Therapist, Master, Phonoaudiology Faculdade São Miguel –PE;3Students of the Speech-Language Pathology Centro Universitário de João Pessoa- UNIPÊ. Introduction: Language is a systematic means of communicating capable of moving a society, manifesting itself in various forms and transmitting communication. The abrupt loss of language’s force due to a brain damage, such as aphasia, can cause significant injury. Aphasia could be defined as the complete or partial loss of the condition of expressing through speech, writing or gestures, interfering even in the ability to comprehend oral and written. On the other hand, the verbotonal methodology is a technique of language re-education that can be applied to correct the communication problems. Objective: The aim of this project is to elaborate a manual with practical activities based on Verbotonal Methodology for patients with Emissive Aphasias. Method: A qualitative descriptive and theoretical research was done. First, the bibliographic data were collected to begin the development of the manual. The contents were analyzed and the elaboration of the suggested activities was begun. Results: The manual discusses the Verbotonal Methodology that consists in the techniques: audiovisual, joint, musical and corporal rhythms and individual, the objective of the techniques and, therefore, the activities. The Audiovisual technique was illustrated using story demonstrations that could be used to restructure the morphosyntax. For the Joint technique activities were developed to reorganize the syntax. In relation to the Body Rhythm Technique, the illustration of each body movement was elaborated to better visualize the movements and application within the therapeutic process. For the Ritmo Musical technique, activities were elaborated to restructure the suprasegmental aspects. And for the Individual technique, activities ...

Dr. Kshitij Shinghal
Associate Professor and Dean Academics, MIT Mordabad, Uttar Pradesh

Dr. Boumediene Haddad
Associate professor, Department of Chemistry, Dr. Moulay Taher University

Dr. Azeez Abdullah Barzinjy
PhD (Materials Science), Department of Physics, College of Education, Salahaddin University –Erbil

Dr. Hossein Alizadeh
Research Officer, Lincoln University

Dr. Faris Alshubiri
Associate Professor /Finance, Dhofar University

Dr. Milena Palczewska
Vice Dean for student affairs, Military Faculty, War Studies University, al. gen. Antoniego Chruściela “Montera” 10300-910 Warszawa

Dr. D. Madan
Associate Professor, Dept of Mech, Sri indu college of engineering and technology, Hyderabad

Dr. Shankar T Battase
Assistant Professor and Head, Dept. of Commerce and Management, Govt. First Grade College Sindagi (Affiliated to Rani Channamma University)

Dr. P. Karthikeyan
Associate Professor, School of Management Studies, Kongu Engineering College

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1.Leao H.F.P; Oliveira D.R; Demarzo M. Professional training in mindfulness in brazil: what is the profile of participants?.Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, 2018, 1:5. DOI:10.28933/jtas-2018-06-1805  
2.Santos R.G, Oliveira M.A.C; Cordeiro R.F, Macedo T.A, Sousa V.J. Shantala as nursing practice in children’s health.Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, 2018, 1:4. DOI:10.28933/jtas-2018-06-1804

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