Review Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences
MILK PROCESSING AND UTILIZATION IN WEST AFRICAN SUB-REGION: A REVIEW
Department of Fisheries Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi Adamawa State, Nigeria
The objective of this paper was to review milk processing techniques and consumption rate in West African Sub-Region. The Nigerian dairy industry represents an important component of the agribusiness sector of the economy with great economic, nutritional, and social benefits. Processing of fresh milk is achieved by local techniques into various traditional milk products. About 47kg of liquid milk per individual is consumed per year in Nigeria compared to an average of 25kg for the sub-Saharan Africa region. Consumers display strong preference for locally produced and processed products such as nono (sour milk), kindirmo (sour yoghurt), maishanu (local butter), cuku (Fulani cheese) and wara (Yoruba cheese). The choice of preference is based on flavour, perceived nutritional value and regional customs and beliefs. Similarly, the local products are believed to be cheaper than their imported counterparts. Sour milk and local butter accounted for over 30% of all dairy products consumption. Urban household consume about 20% more dairy products than rural household. Pastoralists are mostly the producers, but consume less of the products. Modern milk processing techniques and higher consumption rate should be encouraged in West African Sub-Region to ensure improved human and animal productivity in the region.
Keywords: Milk Processing Techniques, Consumption Rate, Nutritional Benefits, West Africa
How to cite this article:
Kubkomawa, H.I.MILK PROCESSING AND UTILIZATION IN WEST AFRICAN SUB-REGION: A REVIEW.Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, 2019, 2:7
1. Adegbola, A. A. (1990). Livestock development and nutrition in Nigeria In: Ikeme (Editor) challenges of agriculture for national development. Enugu.: Optimal Computer Publishers.
2. Annatte, I. (2010) Nigeria- Milk Production Fact Sheet. In: IFCN Dairy Report 2009, International Farm Comparison Network, Dairy Research Center, Kiel, Germany, 3.63 (129)
3. Bincan, J. N. (1990). A Review of Government Policies and Programmes for Livestock Development in Nigeria. A Paper Presented at the National Conference on Livestock Industry and Prospects Held at Lugard Hall, Kaduna, Nigeria, 1990.
4. Douffissa, A. (1993). Cattle production in the Mbere (Cameroon, Adamaoua) Collection etudes et thèses. Editions de l’ORSTOM, Paris, France. Pp. 281.
5. FAO (1988). The milk and dairy market. Agricultural Review for Europe No. 37. Food and Agriculture Organisation
6. FOS (1994). Annual abstract of statistics. Abuja, Federal Office of Statistics (FOS).
7. Land, O. (2007). Dairy Enterprise Initiative Programme-Nigeria. USAID Grant EDH-G-00-03-00017-00. Final report November 2006. pp.37.
8. Mbanasor, J. A. (2002). Respurce Use Pattern among Poultry Enterprises in Abia State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 29 (1 and 2), 63-70.
9. Muriuki, H. G. (2001). Smallholder dairy production and marketing in Kenya. In: Rangnekar and Thorpe (Editors) Small holder dairy production and marketing: opportunities and constraints. Proceedings of a South-South workshop held at National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), Anand, India, 13-16 March, 2001.
10. Osotimehin, K .O., Tijani, A. A., & Olukomogbon, E .O. (2006). An economic analysis of small scale dairy milk processing in Kogi State, Nigeria. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 18 (11), 2006.
11. RIM (1990). Resource Inventory and Management. Livestock resource survey, 1990.
12. Yahuza, M. L. (2001). Smallholder dairy production and marketing constraints in Nigeria. In: Rangnekar and Thorpe (Editors) Small holder dairy production and marketing: opportunities and constraints. Proceedings of a South-South workshop held at National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), Anand, India, 13-16 March, 2001.