Dietary intakes, nutrition status and micronutrient deficiency in picky eating children under 5 years old in the Vietnam National Hospital of Pediatrics

Dietary intakes, nutrition status and micronutrient deficiency in picky eating children under 5 years old in the Vietnam National Hospital of Pediatrics

LuuThi My Thuc1; Nguyen Duc Tam2;Vu Ngoc Ha3, Nguyen Quang Dung3, Nguyen Thi Hang Nga1; Nguyen Thi Hang1

1Department of Nutrition, National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam
2Department of Pediatrics, Thai Binh Medical University, Vietnam
3Department of Nutrition and Food Safety, Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam

Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Background: Recently, picky eating behaviors have become more and more common in Vietnam. Early identification of nutritional deficiencies through assessment of nutritional status and dietary intake is important to be able to intervene in time to help children optimum in growing physically and cognitively. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary intake of under five years old children with picky eating behavior and the consequences of these diets on their nutrition status. Methods: Dietary intake was assessed using 24-hour dietary recall for 124 under five years old who presented with picky eating behavior at Vietnam National Hospital of Pediatrics. Nutrients intakes were calculated using validated dietary analysis software and compared with age-appropriate Vietnam Recommended(Recommended Nutrient Intakes- RNI). Nutrition status was assessment follow WHO guideline 2009, micronutrients deficiency was evaluated based on laboratory tests. Results:84.7% of the children had an unbalanced diets, lacking in overall energy intake(70-90% of RNI:48 and ≤ 50%: 19%). Prevalence of stunting (32.3%), under weight (28.2%), wasting (13.7%) and micronutrients deficiency was high. Conclusions: Children with picky eating behavior had high prevalence of inadequate diet, malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Early identification and treatment of picky eating behavior in children is needed to prevent malnutrition.

Keywords: picky eating, dietary intake, micronutrient deficiency

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How to cite this article:
LuuThi My Thuc; Nguyen Duc Tam; Vu Ngoc Ha, Nguyen Quang Dung, Nguyen Thi Hang Nga; Nguyen Thi Hang. Dietary intakes, nutrition status and micronutrient deficiency in picky eating children under 5 years old in the Vietnam National Hospital of Pediatrics.Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 2019, 2:15. DOI: 10.28933/ojgh-2019-10-0405


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