Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology


Esophageal cancer in Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso): epidemiological, clinical, endoscopic and anatomopathological aspects

Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Esophageal cancer in Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso): epidemiological, clinical, endoscopic and anatomopathological aspects Mâli Koura1, Ollo Roland Somé2, Damien Z Ouattara3, P. Delphine Napon-Zongo4, Valentin Konségré5, Sosthène K Somda6, Aboubacar Coulibaly6, Nogognan Zouré1, Euloges B Kamboulé1, Christiane C Béré6, Inès N Compaoré7, Appolinaire Sawadogo1. 1Hepato-gastroenterology department, Sourô Sanou University Hospital Center, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso; 2General and Digestive Surgery Department, Oncology Unit, Sourô Sanou University Hospital Center, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso; 3Hepato-gastroenterology department, Regional University Hospital Center, Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso; 4Department of Medicine, Bogodogo University Hospital Center, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; 5Department of Anatomy, Pathology and Cytology, Sourô Sanou University Hospital Center, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso; 6Gastroenterology Department, Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital Center, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.7Medical Department, El Fatel Suka Clinic, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Introduction. Our study aims to strengthen the literature on esophageal cancer in Burkina Faso by assessing its endoscopic frequency and describing its epidemiological, anatomical-clinical and endoscopic characteristics. Patients and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted from January 1, 2015 to June 30, 2018. Included in this study were all patients who had upper gastrointestinal fibroscopy (UGIF) with biopsy, and in whom esophageal cancer was confirmed histologically. The variables studied were: age, sex, main circumstance of diagnosis, endoscopic appearance, and histological type, as well as risk factors. Results: During the study period, 29 cases of esophageal cancer were diagnosed, with an average endoscopic incidence of 8.3 cases/year. The average age was 58.34 years. There were 17 (58.6%) males, or a sex ratio of 1.5. The definite risk factors of alcohol consumption and active smoking were present in 31.0% of patients. The average duration of consultation was 65.8 days, and the main symptom at diagnosis was dysphagia (72.4%). The preferred location was the lower third for nearly three-quarters of ...

Vulvar lesion in Crohn’s disease: a new case report

Case Report of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Vulvar lesion in Crohn's disease: a new case report M.A.Lkousse, K. Gharbi, A.Elfarouki, Y. Ismail, J. Atmani, A. Ait errami ,S. Oubaha ,Z. Semlani. K.Krati Hepato-Gastro-Enterology department, University hospital Mohammed VI, Marrakech, 4000, Morocco The mucocutaneous manifestations are, with the osteo-articular attacks, the most frequent of the extradigestive attacks of the Crohn’s disease. While some of these events evolve alongside the digestive disease, others evolve on their own. Sometimes they can even precede the appearance of intestinal manifestations by several months, which then poses diagnostic problems. Recto-vaginal fistulas and ovarian involvement in Crohn’s disease have been widely reported in the literature (1; 2). However, there are few series in the literature reporting the genital complications of CD, let alone regarding vulvar lesion. We report a new case of vulvar lesion in Crohn’s disease. Keywords: Vulvar lesion, Crohn’s disease, case report ...

VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IN CHILDREN AGED 6 – 11 AT VIETNAM NATIONAL CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL

Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IN CHILDREN AGED 6 – 11 AT VIETNAM NATIONAL CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL Luu Thi My Thuc*, Nguyen Thi Hang, Nguyen Thi Hang Nga, Ha Thi Hong Giang, Nguyen Thi Thuy Hong** *Vietnam National Children’s Hospital, Vietnam ** Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam Objective: Describe the situation of vitamin D deficiency in children aged 6 – 11 years at Vietnam National Children’s Hospital. Method: Cross-sectional study. Results: In 155 healthy children in the study, vitamin D deficiency (25(OH)D serum level < 50 nmol/l) was 23.9%. Common clinical symptoms of vitamin D deficiency were long bone pain (32%) and low ionized calcium level (83.8%). There was inverse linear correlation between vitamin D level, weight-for-age z score (WAZ) (r= –0.266 and p<0.01) and BMI-for-age z score (BAZ) (r= –0.241 and p<0.01). Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in healthy children aged 6-11 years (23.9%), the most common clinical symptoms of vitamin D deficiency were long bone pain and low serum level of ionized calcium, which have value in vitamin D deficiency diagnosis. Keywords:Vitamin D deficiency, children aged 6 – 11 years, primary school age, Vietnam National Children’s Hospital ...

Dietary intakes, nutrition status and micronutrient deficiency in picky eating children under 5 years old in the Vietnam National Hospital of Pediatrics

Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Dietary intakes, nutrition status and micronutrient deficiency in picky eating children under 5 years old in the Vietnam National Hospital of Pediatrics LuuThi My Thuc1; Nguyen Duc Tam2;Vu Ngoc Ha3, Nguyen Quang Dung3, Nguyen Thi Hang Nga1; Nguyen Thi Hang1 1Department of Nutrition, National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam 2Department of Pediatrics, Thai Binh Medical University, Vietnam 3Department of Nutrition and Food Safety, Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam Background: Recently, picky eating behaviors have become more and more common in Vietnam. Early identification of nutritional deficiencies through assessment of nutritional status and dietary intake is important to be able to intervene in time to help children optimum in growing physically and cognitively. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary intake of under five years old children with picky eating behavior and the consequences of these diets on their nutrition status. Methods: Dietary intake was assessed using 24-hour dietary recall for 124 under five years old who presented with picky eating behavior at Vietnam National Hospital of Pediatrics. Nutrients intakes were calculated using validated dietary analysis software and compared with age-appropriate Vietnam Recommended(Recommended Nutrient Intakes- RNI). Nutrition status was assessment follow WHO guideline 2009, micronutrients deficiency was evaluated based on laboratory tests. Results:84.7% of the children had an unbalanced diets, lacking in overall energy intake(70-90% of RNI:48 and ≤ 50%: 19%). Prevalence of stunting (32.3%), under weight (28.2%), wasting (13.7%) and micronutrients deficiency was high. Conclusions: Children with picky eating behavior had high prevalence of inadequate diet, malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Early identification and treatment of picky eating behavior in children is needed to prevent malnutrition. Keywords: picky eating, dietary intake, micronutrient deficiency ...

Dr. Mohammed Naeem
Chair, Patient Safety Reporting/Consultant Pediatric Intensivist/ Head PICU (A)/ Assistant Professor, Dept. of Pediatrics. Ministry National Guard Health Affairs Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Dr Toru Ishikawa
Gastroenterology, Saiseikai Niigata Daini Hospital

Dr. George Paraskevas
Associate Professor of Anatomy Orthopedic Surgeon, Department of AnatomyMedical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Post Box: 300, Post Code: 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece

Dr. Mahaboob Vali Shaik
Assistant Professor/Senior Scientist, Department of Genetics & stem cell Research, Narayana Medical College & Hospitals

Dr. Ifeadike Chigozie Ozoemena
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University

Dr. Eduardo de Moura GH
Professor, niversity of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo, Brazil

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1.Gomes, K.K.L; Lima, A.A.F. Living Style of Diabetic Patients Type.Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 2018, 1:5. DOI:10.28933/ojgh-2018-05-1005

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