Open Journal of Language and Linguistics


Negative Impact of Globalization on Indigenous Cultures: the Case of Salale Oromo, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Research Article of Open Journal of Language and Linguistics Negative Impact of Globalization on Indigenous Cultures: the Case of Salale Oromo, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia Zewde Getahun Lecturer of International Relations at Salale University, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Department of Civics and Ethical Studies, Salale University, Ethiopia. The aim of this article is to assess the negative impact of globalization on indigenous cultures in general and North Shewa in particular. The research is conducted based on qualitative methodology which used in-depth individual interview and observation which helps to raise a better understanding about negative impact of globalization on indigenous cultures. The key informants were taken from selected five towns of North Shewa zone of Oromia regional state which include Fitche town, Garba Guracha town, Gowa Tsion town, Tullu Milki town and Debre Tsige town of Ethiopia. The main objectives of this article is to explain the dimensions of the negative impact of globalization on indigenous Ethiopian cultures such as language, food style, dressing style, marriage, religion and history. In the process of globalization, there is an interaction of cultures and thus, there is a borrowing and transmission of cultures among societies. This is in itself not unusual. But unusual is the domination of one culture over the other. This is true of globalization which has generated a lot of controversy with regards to the rise of a global culture. In the rise of a global culture, Western norms are gradually being transported across the globe as acceptable way of behavior and Ethiopia is one of African countries affected in this regard. Those some valued indigenous Ethiopian culture has been diluted and some of them are totally cancelled. So, Ethiopia is fast running the risk of cultural atrophy consequent of the current logic of globalization. If pressing measures are ...

Teachers’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Differentiated Instruction: The Case of Department of Educational Planning and Management Faculty of Education University of Gondar

Research Article of Open Journal of Language and Linguistics Teachers’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Differentiated Instruction: The Case of Department of Educational Planning and Management Faculty of Education University of Gondar Addis Tsegaye Zegeye Department of Teacher Education and Curriculum Studies, College of Education & Behavioral Sciences, Bahir Dar University Students’ populations are becoming more academically diverse due to ever increasing variety of learners in the heterogeneous classroom make-up. Effective teachers in contemporary classrooms have to learn to develop classroom routines that attend to learner variance in order to raise students’ achievement. Teachers need to focus on using sound instructional practices that will improve students’ performance for all types of learners. The purpose of the study was to investigate the teachers’ knowledge, attitude and practice of differentiated instruction in the case of faculty of education in the department of Educational Planning and Management (EdPM) at University of Gondar(UoG). The study employed qualitative research method with case study design which was used to answer the research questions raised. The research participants were dean of the faculty of education, the department head of EdPM and teachers at UoG. The participants were purposively selected. Interview and Focus Group Discussion were used to collect data. The data obtained were analyzed and interpreted using qualitative description and narration .The results of the analysis showed that teachers have positive attitude towards Differentiated Instruction (DI). However, the elements of DI were not properly practiced yet as expected for a number of reasons. It was then concluded that the prevailing practice of DI was poor. In addition to this, the trend of using the lecture method frequently and assessing students based on examinations as mere modes of teaching and assessment were emphasized at the faculty. To overcome this, it was suggested that the current mode of teaching ...

Article Review on the Current Education policy and curriculum issues in Ethiopia: Trends that Reveal the Problem of Practicing Policy Provisions in Institutions

Review Article of Open Journal of Language and Linguistics Article Review on the Current Education policy and curriculum issues in Ethiopia: Trends that Reveal the Problem of Practicing Policy Provisions in Institutions Addis Tsegaye Zegeye Department of Teacher Education and Curriculum Studies, College of Education & Behavioral Sciences, Bahir Dar University Education and development are closely related endeavours. This is the main reason why we always say Education is the key instrument in the development of nations. Education, as a very important factor to human development, is of a high priority in the overall development endeavor of the government. Hence, it requires an appropriate direction to set a new process in motion and change the alarming situation. For this, a comprehensive education and training policy is formulated. It is having this due attention that the different researchers study on the education and training of Ethiopia and the different policy provisions for citizens. This paper is a review of twenty research studies conducted on Ethiopian education policy provisions and curriculum issues. Its purpose is to understand how much of the education policy provisions and curriculum issues were investigated in those researches and to reveal the possible problems of practicing the provisions in institutions. The examination of the main focus of each study revealed that the Current Ethiopian Education and Training Policy has addressed or incorporated the different provisions such as diversity, gender, language, issues of multicultural education, and mother tongue education. But most of the policy provisions were not sufficiently institutionalized and implemented as expected. Possible reasons for the problem of practicing the different policy provisions in institutions and the way forward are discussed. Keywords: Education, Education policy, Curriculum, policy provision, Institutions, Ethiopia ...

Article Critique entitled: “The Analysis of the Opinions of School Directors about Their Knowledge of the Curriculums and Their Support and Control in the Implementation”

Review Article of Open Journal of Language and Linguistics Article Critique entitled: “The Analysis of the Opinions of School Directors about Their Knowledge of the Curriculums and Their Support and Control in the Implementation” Desalegn Ejigu Tefera Bahir Dar University The present paper offers a critical review of the article published under the title of “The Analysis of the Opinions of School Directors about Their Knowledge of the Curriculums and Their Support and Control in the Implementation”. The reviewed article aimed at analyzing the opinions of school directors related to their levels of recognition, comprehension and explanation, along with their support and their supervisory duties in the process of the implementation of the curriculum. This study was conducted with a qualitative research approach. In this study, phenomenological research design was used since the subject of this study is to make sense of the experiences and the behaviors of school directors related to their comprehension of curriculum, their support in the application and their inspection task in the implementation of the curriculum. In this study, a semi structured interview form consisting of three basic questions was used as data collection tool along with the interview technique in which the probing of these questions are made. The research group is determined in terms of simple sampling method and consists of 28 secondary school directors. The data collected through interviews is analyzed through content analysis. Hence, the reviewer followed theoretical, epistemological and methodological approaches to qualitative research sought to critically appraise the article. Accordingly, the article was written in line with qualitative research approach and it had some limitations that lessen its empirical power. Keywords: Article Critique, Opinions of School Directors, Knowledge of the Curriculums, Support and Control in the Implementation ...

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Open Journal of Language and Linguistics

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