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Demographic Variables as Predictors of Self-concepts in the Workforce of the University of Abuja

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Demographic Variables as Predictors of Self-concepts in the Workforce of the University of Abuja Benedict O. Onyiloa and Isaiah, I. Shamoa aDepartment of Counselling and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja This descriptive study used non-teaching staff of the University of Abuja for the study. The main thrust of this work was to determine the predictors of self-concepts among staff on the basis of two demographic variables – gender and marital status. A sample size of one hundred and fifty participants was drawn for the study through stratified random sampling procedure. The sample size consisted of 74 males and 76 females. A modified version of workers/self-concept scale (WSCS) was adapted to generate data for the study. The 35-item instrument sought responses on various aspects of self-conceptsinvolving moral self, family self, self –satisfaction, self-criticism. Two null hypotheses were formulated to determine the predictors of self-concepts on the basis of gender and marital status. The results revealed that there was no significant difference in self-concepts among staff on the basis of gender and moral status. This implies that the two demographic variables, do not predict self-concepts among the generality of the university workforce. The t-values were not significant at .393 and .495 for gender and marital status respectively. The authors recommended among other measures a more elaborate and in-depts. study involving a heterogeneous sample to ascertain a more reliable influence of the two variables on self-concepts. Keywords: Demographic variables, Predictors, Self-concepts and Workforce ...

Influence of occupational stress and the moderating role of gender on general health status among Nigeria policemen and women

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Influence of occupational stress and the moderating role of gender on general health status among Nigeria policemen and women Obasanjo Sanya ADEGBITE Department of Psychology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria General health status is defined as individual self reported quality of health conditions in relation to somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression among police. This study adopted cross-sectional survey design. Literature have not fully explored moderating role of gender on the relationship between occupational stress and general health condition among police in which this study tries to bridge gap in knowledge. Table of random sampling technique was used to select sample size of 474 serving police personnel. General Health status and occupational stress instruments were used and data generated were subjected to Pearson moment correlation, multiple hierarchical regression and univariance analyses. Significant relationship was observed between occupational stress and the four dimensions of general health conditions: (somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression). Occupational stress predicted significant portion of variance in somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression. The interaction (occupational stress*gender) accounted for significant variation in somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression. Men significantly experience poor health conditions and occupational stress compare to women. Considering the potential role of occupational stress in this study, it is recommended that police institution should strategize her policy to make police work less stressful in order to achieve effective policing and training and workshop on health should be conducted to policemen considering their score on general health status. Keywords: Occupational stress, gender, General health status, Policemen, Policewomen ...

The Tiniest Scientists: What do Infants Know and How Do They Learn About the World?

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews The Tiniest Scientists: What do Infants Know and How Do They Learn About the World? Seongkyung Bae Biomedicine Academies at Englewood, Englewood NJ, United States Infants are one of the richest sources of information about the origin of human thinking and learning. Although gathering behavioral and neuroimaging data from infants is incredibly insightful and valuable, infants are a challenging group to study. Unlike adults, they cannot verbally communicate with researchers, make explicit responses, or control their bodies. Given these limitations, developmental scientists have employed smart study paradigms and research technologies to better understand the developmental trajectories of cognition and social understanding in infancy. This review paper provides an overview of the study methods, including looking time measurements and modern neuroimaging techniques and discusses what these approaches taught us about the core knowledge that allows infants to better learn and interact with the world. Keywords: Infants, Cognitive development, Core knowledge, Developmental psychology ...

A Study of Factors Influencing Attitude of Nigerians Toward People with Physical Challenges

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews A Study of Factors Influencing Attitude of Nigerians Toward People with Physical Challenges Kelechi T. Ugwu and Festus C. Onah Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, Institute of Management and Technology (IMT) The aim of the present study was to examine the factors influencing the attitudes of Nigerians toward people with physical disability. The study hypothesized that gender, age, level of education, and exposure to physical challenge will not influence the attitudes of Nigerians toward people with physical disability. The design of the study was cross-sectional. The participants comprise a total of one hundred (100) workers drawn from state and local government civil service in Anambra, Imo and Ebonyi States, Nigeria using random sampling technique. Data were collected through self-administered survey questionnaire, using a modified version of the Scale of Attitudes towards Disabled Persons (SADP). The four hypotheses were tested using 2x2x2x2 Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The results showed that the independent variables studied (i.e. gender, age, level of education, and exposure to physical challenge) neither jointly nor independently influenced the attitudes of Nigerians toward people with physical disability. The practical implications of the findings are discussed. Keywords: Physical Challenge, Attitude, Gender, Age, Level of Education, Exposure to physical challenges ...

Usefulness of Castor Oil and Elobixibat and Lactulose and Ascorbic Aid (Movicol) for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy:A Case Report

Case Report of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Usefulness of Castor Oil and Elobixibat and Lactulose and Ascorbic Aid (Movicol) for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy:A Case Report Naoki Hotta Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Masuko Memorial Hospital, Aichi, Japan. Colon capsule endoscopy was approved for reimbursement under the national health insurance system of Japan in 2014. However, the capsule excretion rate after recommended bowel preparation reportedly ranges from 70% to 90%, and administration of boosters is also necessary. The caster oil-based booster had an emission rate of 97%, but required a total water content of 3L. Some patients have been tested for the second and third time since the test was started in 2014. There is an opinion that these patients could reduce the booster more, and this time we will use the booster with mobiprep to perform the booster on the day with 350 ml. Keywords: Castor Oil ,Elobixibat , Lactulose and Ascorbic Aid(Movicol) ...

Usefulness of Castor Oil and Elobixibat and Lactulose for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy in the patients on Dialysis -Including examination of small intestinal lesions-

Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Usefulness of Castor Oil and Elobixibat and Lactulose for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy in the patients on Dialysis -Including examination of small intestinal lesions- Naoki Hotta Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Masuko Memorial Hospital, Aichi, Japan. Colon capsule endoscopy was approved for reimbursement under the national health insurance system of Japan in 2014. Dialysis patients are potentially susceptible to bleeding because of the fragile intestine, impaired platelet function, or oral administration of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or anticoagulants. However, the capsule excretion rate after recommended bowel preparation reportedly ranges from 70% to 90%, and administration of boosters is also necessary. For dialysis patients, liquid loading is a problem. The patient on dialysis has moisture restrictions. The caster oil-based booster had an emission rate of 97%, but required a total water content of 3L. A study was conducted on dialysis patients using a protocol in which castor oil was supplemented with Elobixibat and Lactulose to determine whether booster volume could be reduced and elimination rates improved. Keywords: Castor Oil ,Elobixibat ,Colon Capsule Endoscopy ,Patients on Dialysis ...