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THE ROLE OF BASIC ATTENTION IN THE ACCOMPANIMENT OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC PAIN

Review Article of International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment THE ROLE OF BASIC ATTENTION IN THE ACCOMPANIMENT OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC PAIN Manoel Pereira da Silva Junior, Edvany Mendonça da Silva, Veronica Barbosa de Andrade, Clayton Gustavo dos Santos, Ianne Roberta Sales dos Santos, Ana Paula Miyazawa INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain can be considered a pathology and not just a symptom, which negatively influences people’s quality of life, leading to a decrease in autonomy, isolation and impact on social life. In this context, considering the pain related to chronic health problems, it can be affirmed that Basic Care represents a strategic service due to its high capillarity and potential to identify health needs of the population by subsidizing the organization of care throughout the network. health services. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the role of Primary Care in the management of patients with chronic pain. METHOD: This is a descriptive study of a qualitative approach, carried out through literature review. DISCUSSION: Social determinants can be considered to have a strong impact on the prevalence of chronic diseases as well as their reflexes, such as pain. Social inequalities, differences in access to goods and services, low level of schooling and inequalities in access to information generally determine a higher prevalence of chronic diseases and diseases caused by these diseases. In this context, Primary Care plays a fundamental role because it represents a strategic service with high capillarity. CONCLUSION: Primary care has great potential to identify the health needs of the population by subsidizing the organization of care throughout the health services network, contributing to factors that negatively impact the health of the population, causing pain and suffering. Keywords: Pain, Primary Health Care, Health Care ...

PROFILE OF USERS OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN STREET SITUATIONS IN A POPULATION OF ALAGOAS

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy PROFILE OF USERS OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN STREET SITUATIONS IN A POPULATION OF ALAGOAS Ana Beatriz Amorim Sales1*; Bruna Brandão dos Santos2; Bárbara Rayssa Correia dos Santos3; Ana Caroline Melo dos Santos4; Elaine Virginia Martins de Figueiredo5 Introduction: the consumption of illicit drugs is a public health problem. Objective: the aim of this study is to identify the profile of street drug users in the city of Arapiraca. Methodology: users were recruited in welcoming communities and at the Special Reference Center for Population in Street Situation (POP Center). A sociodemographic questionnaire was used to provide access to the users profile. All the participants signed the Informed Consent Term (TCLE). Statistical analysis was performed using the Stastistics Package for Social Science (SSPS) version 21. Results: a total of 12 users participated in the study, the age group most affected was between 36 and 45 years. The majority of users were male. Regarding ethnicity, marital status and schooling, 50% declared themselves mixed race, 83.3% were single and 50% had incomplete elementary education. Conclusions: some studies have shown that street users are predominantly male and that this predominance may be related to cultural issues. Further studies with this theme are necessary to better assess the profile of users of psychoactive substances nationwide. Keywords: drug users, homeless persons, crack cocaine ...

IMPULSIVITY IN COCAINE/CRACK USERS IN THE CITY OF ARAPIRACA IN ALAGOAS

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy IMPULSIVITY IN COCAINE/CRACK USERS IN THE CITY OF ARAPIRACA IN ALAGOAS Ademir Ferreira Júnior1*, Lino José da Silva1, Maria Sandinéia Bezerra1, Taciana Silva Dias Nogueira1, Ana Caroline Melo dos Santos2, Virginia Elaine Martins de Souza Figueiredo . Introduction: Currently drug use is as a major problem of global public health, given the diversity of aspects involved in drug abuse, psychoactive substances exert impacts on users, families and community, contributing to damage to the physical and mental health, as well as the socio-economic vulnerability and legal problems. Objective: Analyze the degree of cocaine / crack users behavior in Cozy Communities and the Reference Center for Population Homeless (POP Center) located in Arapiraca city in Alagoas. Methodology: This is a research with a quantitative approach, performed in Cozy Communities and POP Center, which are distributed in the city of Arapiraca. The instrument used for the production of data was made by means of structured interviews conducted in the period May to July 2018, in its physical space of the institutions, listing the sociodemographic profile and Impulsiveness Scale - BIS 11. For impulsive behavior grade analysis was used to impulsiveness scale - 11 BIS, based on “Ernst Barratt model, which is considered as one of the most important in impulsive behavior explanation”. Results: The results obtained, the overall score obtained an average of 2.38 were found for each partial average score of the three subdomains impulsiveness, the resulting average motor impulsivity: 2.24 to attentional impulsivity: 2.51 and impulsivity not planning: 2.34. Conclusion: This study shows the importance of impulsivity associated with the pattern of use of psychoactive substances. Keywords: Cocaine/crack, behavior, nursing ...

GROUP PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTION: REPORT OF EXPERIENCE IN THE CURRICULAR PSYCHOLOGY STAGE

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews GROUP PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTION: REPORT OF EXPERIENCE IN THE CURRICULAR PSYCHOLOGY STAGE Lívia Monteiro* , Maria Catarina Ferraz2, Cybelle Accioly3, Eliane Nóbrega4, Mônica de Oliveira Osório Albuquerque5 e Josene Carvalho6. Background: Pain for the loss of health is not easy to be elaborated by the patient, especially when it directly impacts on his quality of life. Group intervention can be a possibility to work on sufferings, because patients share experiences, which favors overcoming difficulties and adaptations. Objective: to report the experience of group psychological intervention, analyzing the role of psychology trainees in group mediation. Methodology: report of experience. Results and discussion: In the group performed by the psychology interns with patients attended at a school hospital in Recife-PE, the group was constituted. The trainees were facilitators under the supervision of the psychologist of the hospital team, sought to preserve individual and group space, managed the speeches, encouraging the silent participants and preventing the predominance of the speakers. At each meeting they used group dynamics, storytelling, poetry readings, collages, favoring speech and peer identification. The trainees made use of careful clinical listening, transfer and group management in the opening, development and closure at each meeting. For each stage of this, supervisor support was essential. Conclusion: By providing speech in the group, the trainees allowed the patients to reflect on themselves and the history of the other, reorganizing their experiences, promoting and preventing health. And this experience for the trainees enabled the development of group management skills, decision making, conflict mediation, communication and clinical listening. Keywords: group, psychology and intervention ...

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ANXIETY AND PAIN DISORDERS: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ANXIETY AND PAIN DISORDERS: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW William Barros Agrelli Girão¹*; Mateus Cotias Filizola2; Guilherme Brazão3; Rita de Cássia Hoffmann Leão4, Tatiana de Paula Santana da Silva5; Everton Botelho Souge6 FACOTTUR Introduction: Somatic Symptom Disorder is characterized, by the Fifth Edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, by distressing somatic symptoms linked to abnormal thoughts, feelings and behaviors in response to these symptoms. The prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder in primary care is quite significant, and new empirical evidence suggests that there is a clinically relevant interaction between anxiety and pain intensity felt by the patient in a context of somatization of symptoms. Objectives: To analyze in the literature the relationship between anxiety disorders and psychosomatic pain. Methodology: The research was carried out in the CAPES Periodic databases, PubMed and Regional Portal of the VHL. The terms “Anxiety Disorders”, “Pain” and “Psychophysiological Disorders” were considered as descriptors. Articles published between 2013 and 2018 were included. Results: Of the 2095 articles found, only seven were included in the review. Evidence has been found that anxiety may stem from social distress or primary pathologies. It can be expressed somatically under different forms of pain, such as: gastrointestinal, precordial, dental or cephalic. Evidence has also been found that anxiety exac-erbates dental and cephalic pain, and it chronicises localized back pain and cephalic pain. Con-clusion: The literature on the interaction between anxiety and psychosomatic pain is still incipient to the detriment of the complexity and comprehensiveness of the phenomenon. We also high-light the need for further research on diagnostic and therapeutic teaching strategies of health professionals in order to reduce the morbidity resulting from these events. Keywords: Pain, Anxiety Disorders, Psychophysiological Disorders ...

THE HOSPITAL TOY LIBRARY AS A HUMANIZATION PLACE IN PEDIATRICS

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews THE HOSPITAL TOY LIBRARY AS A HUMANIZATION PLACE IN PEDIATRICS Letícia Pimentel Duarte1*, Gabrielle Gouveia da Silva Florencio¹, Lara Martins Dias¹, Mariana Valentim Aguiar¹, Marina Paixão e Melo Bezerra¹, Nathaly Maria Ferreira-Novaes2 1 Estudante de Graduação em Psicologia na Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde - FPS 2 Psicóloga do Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP) Objetives: This work aims to discuss the importance of the hospital toy library as a place of humanization in pediatrics. Methodology: This discussion was constructed from a reported experience in the toy library of a general hospital in Recife/PE. Results: Through the practice in the hospital toy library, it could be noticed that the companions are agents who also need to be taken care during the process of hospitalization in pediatrics. In this context, the toy library is a place that can favor the integral care of hospitalized children and their companions, through playful, musical, theatrical, sharing experiences. Final considerations: The toy library can be a humanized care environment not only for the children, but also for their companions, because, through various possibilities of play, it is a place that facilitates the social interactions between these individuals, as well as their autonomy and creativity, which are so important in the process of seeking the reestablishment of patients’ health as biopsychosocial subjects. Keywords: Humanization; Hospital toy library; Pediatrics ...