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The Work of Occupational Therapists in the Educational Process of Children With Special Educational Needs

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy The Work of Occupational Therapists in the Educational Process of Children With Special Educational Needs SOUTO, B.A1; MELO, L.C1; MORIMOTO, S.Y.U1; CALDAS, M.M.M1; SILVA, H.J.F1 Federal University of Pernambuco Most of the times, a school is a place where children find a safe environment in which they share experiences with other children, through a sense of trust transmitted by adults. However, this place usually does not seem to support the human plurality existing in this context, which characterizes their clientele. Nonetheless, students suffering from issues related to the learning process, possibly caused by family problems, incompatibility with teaching methods, a reflection of sociocultural conditions, besides difficulties related to writing, social interaction, attention spectrum, beginning and ending of activities, self-expression and alertness, for example, are often labelled as problematic students. This is not justifiable, given the fact that we are unique beings and, by nature, different from each other. Thus, there is a need for schools to offer a friendly environment to facilitate the learning process of those individuals and the development of their abilities. Therefore, institutions must therefore promote physical repairs in their structures, invest in better training for professionals, in addition to counting with occupational therapists to facilitate the learning process. Initially, the occupational therapist worked in education only through “special education” aimed at people with special needs. Following Brazil’s participation on meetings from the World Health Organization (WHO), focused on the school environment for people with special needs, changes were made in legislations, which were no longer unidirectional, but multidirectional, starting to take into account different approaches for teaching and learning. That way, the intervention from a therapist aims to integrate the entire context that involves a children’s daily life, working as not only an extension to rehabilitation services, but ...

Educational Achievement in Health Curriculum in Stages Mandatory and Its Importance for Vocational Training: Experience Report

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Educational Achievement in Health Curriculum in Stages Mandatory and Its Importance for Vocational Training: Experience Report PEREIRA, C.I.D1; NEVES, R.S1; ANDRADE SILVA, L.A1; SILVA, L.A1; VIRTUOSO, A.F1; QUEIROZ, S.B1 University of Pernambuco1 The health education discipline arises in order to guide the academic, for the different ways of doing education, seeking improvements in the quality of promoting health. There is ample evidence that the response of the individual recommendations, as the health action can not be explained only in terms of social stratification in which it occurs. This means that individuals belonging to the same class react differently about their own health in the same way that they respond differently to medical recommendations, thus requiring a psychological character of explanation. This, in turn, need to draw on the synergy of concepts and principles from different scientific areas5.The permanent education in health proposes the aggregation of learning, critical reflection on the work of clinical resolution and promoting public health. This has as guiding principles the relationship between education and work, changes in education and in health practices policies, production and dissemination of knowledge2. With the increase in life expectancy of individuals, change is also your health profile; instead of acute processes or death, become prevalent chronic diseases and their complications, such as loss of autonomy and functional independence, which in addition to demand it higher costs for health care, require a reordering of its priority actions4. Thus, the experience in stages in health education is essential to the integral formation of the student, considering that increasingly are required professionals with skills and well prepared, and transcends the limits of a mere fulfillment of academic requirements. The act of educating is an opportunity for personal and professional growth. Besides being an important tool for ...

Popular Health Education, Primary Health Care and Mouth Cancer, Pernambuco / Brazil

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Popular Health Education, Primary Health Care and Mouth Cancer, Pernambuco / Brazil VIDAL, A.K.L1; ANDRADE, E.S.S1; CAMBOIM, D.C1; COSTA, F.C.R1; BARROS E SILVA, N.T1; SOUTO MAIOR, V.C.M1. University of Pernambuco1 Oral cancer remains a public health problem. Smoking, alcohol and sun exposure (lower lip) isolated or associated, act as important risk factors, lifelong and therefore preventable, even with the participation of viruses such as human papilloma virus (HPV), nutritional deficiencies, immunological and genetic alterations that contribute to cancer development. Early diagnosis and in particular the identification of the presence of risk factors for the development of the disease extend considerably the possibility of prevention and cure. Thus, it is necessary to ensure the active involvement of the population, making it responsible for their own decisions and able to develop conjoint activities with health professionals. The objective of this university extension work is the popularization and dissemination of technical and scientific knowledge in favor of reducing morbidity and mortality due to oral cancer, with empowerment of the population about the disease, risk factors, prevention, diagnosis and treatment as well as the humane training of health professionals and technical / preventive / diagnostic professional training of primary health care. Through the Program to Combat Mouth Cancer, extension activity at the University of Pernambuco, theoretical short courses / practical training with the staff of Primary Health for the prevention and pursuit of differential diagnosis and early cancer mouth are performed. Educational / preventive activities with the population are developed with support folders, banners, videos, pamphlet literature and educational spots aired by local radio in association with the State Government; along with attendance in partnership with professional / population resident in the State of Pernambuco. Undergrad students and collaborators undergo intra and inter calibration process. For ...

Profile of Patients Died of Neoplasia Cervical Malignant in Pernambuco State

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Profile of Patients Died of Neoplasia Cervical Malignant in Pernambuco State  SILVA, A.C1; FERREIRA, T.T.C1; ALVES, J.L1; BRANDÃO, F.S.R1; PEREIRA, M.A.S1; COSTA, B.G.S1 Federal University of Pernambuco – UFPE1 Cervical cancer has a worldwide estimated incidence of approximately half a million cases per year, and 260,000 deaths worldwide, of which 80 % occurred in developing countries1. It is considered the second most common in women, accounting for approximately 15 % of female cancers1. Its incidence increases significantly in developing countries, especially in low-income, which ranks first in the classification of all female cancers in developed countries, only occupies the sixth position2. The cervical cancer in recent decades has been considered as a serious public health issue, due to the high incidence, morbid evolution and high rate of mortality2. In Brazil, it is considered the most frequent malignant tumors of the female genital tract, predominantly of low socioeconomic status women aged 35-55 years age2,3. The cancer as a public health problem in Brazil is therefore worthy of great attention from health professionals, because the magnitude of mortality rates and incidence of tumors almost entirely preventable, this reality reinforces the justification for the actions preventive, being a challenge for health professionals can help control the disease through health promotion, prevention and early detection, which are held in serviços2,4. Thus, the aim of this study was to describe the profile of mortality from cervical cancer in the state of Pernambuco in the 2009 to 2013 period. Descriptive study, whose population consisted of all residents female deaths in the state of Pernambuco that had the basic cause of death cancer of the cervix, in the period 2009 to 2013. Data were extracted from the Information System mortality - SIM, Ministry of Health, which is a national ...

Education in Health Care With High Risk Pregnant Women: a Non-participant Observation

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Education in Health Care With High Risk Pregnant Women: a Non-participant Observation MELO, E.M.F1, BERNARDINO, A.O1, VASCONCELOS, E.M.R1, MONTEIRO, E.M.L.M1, LIMA, L.S1, LINHARES, F.M.P1 Federal Univesity of Pernambuco1 In Brazil, health education programs, mostly still follow the model of vertical transmission of knowledge, where knowledge / live the student is devalued and / or ignored, it is believed that the prescription of correct said behavior will cause the individual to reach a well-being, not taking into account the social, historical and cultural aspects of every human being1. Health education acts both in the training of health professionals and the population. Health education of the proposal with groups can break the traditionally existing vertical relationship between the teacher and the subject of his action, providing opportunities for them the expression of their needs, expectations, anxieties and circumstances that influence your health, raising their critical awareness and autonomy in the face of health care decisions2. This study aimed to present critically the non-participant observation carried out in a group of pregnant women in a hospital. Experience report with a qualitative approach, held in group prenatal pregnant women at high risk of gynecology outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital of Recife-PE municipality in March 2014. The group was composed of six pregnant women an elderly (mother of a pregnant woman), a nurse, a social worker and two residents, one of physiotherapy and other nutrition. Participants were between 19 and 65 years.vInitially, the nurse asked for the formation of a circle and each is present, speaking the name, age and history of previous pregnancies. All women had previously gestated at least once; two of them mentioned it spontaneously aborted. The theme proposed for discussion at this meeting were the rights of pregnant and breastfeeding. Initially a ...

Sexual and Reproductive Health in the Field of Woman’s Perspective

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Assistance for mother and child health: challenges for health education ARAÚJO, M.R.A1, SOUZA, M.F1, VASCONCELOS, M.P.S1, TAVARES, M.S1, GONÇALVES, M.K.S1, PAIVA E SOUZA, V.R.F1 University of Pernambuco1 The sexual and reproductive rights underlie the construction and experience of sexuality and reproduction free of discrimination, imposition and violence. However sexual and reproductive experiences were always repressed, controlled and surrounded by myths, taboos and prejudices. This led to social construction of gender inequalities and inequities, where the woman fell to assume all tasks related to reproduction, namely the biological pregnancy and breastfeeding events, as well as the house chores. To workers in the field is also intertwined the limitation of his wife's situation only in the reproduction of perspective, care for the family, as well as care for the earth. According to the National Policy for Integral Attention to Women's Health: "[...] the difficulty in access to information and health actions, imposed on rural women is related, among other factors, inequalities of gender relations and work at great distances between home and work and health services, greater precariousness of local services and the little awareness and organization of the health system to deal with the specificity of injuries resulting from work in the field" Given the above, this study aimed to sexual and reproductive health of women of the settlement Normandy - Caruaru / PE, reflecting on how is the scope of these rights for these women. This is a field research with a mixed method of analysis, the main methodological strategy participatory research, which is carried out during April-June 2015. 19 women were interviewed, aged between eighteen and sixty-seven years all necessarily members of the Landless Movement and residents of the settlement, being excluded from the study those subjects who did not respond ...