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Health Education on the Attention Patient Oncological Tracheostomy, an Experience Report

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Health Education on the Attention Patient Oncological Tracheostomy, an Experience Report th COSTA, E.M1; FERREIRA FILHO, H.F1; SANTANA, V.M.A.G1; PESSOA, V.M.L1; SOARES, L.H.M1; SANTOS, L.F.P.B1 Alagoas Health Sciences State University – UNCISAL1 Head and neck cancer is considered a worldwide public health problem, especially in developing countries, where it is among the ten most frequent types of cancer in the world¹. The removal of the lesion impairs the self-image, causes psychological sequelae and sensory and functional deficits². In addition to these reactions we have to deal with new adaptations from the surgery that will occur in the daily routine. A tracheostomy is a surgical procedure that involves the opening of the trachea to the outside, in order to overcome a mechanical obstruction of the upper airway, reducing airway resistance, allowing ventilation through this pathway and also facilitating removal of tracheobronchial secretions in excess³. It is aimed to describe the health education activities carried out with tracheostomy patient. This study it is an experience report, held at the radiotherapy department of a private hospital in the state of Alagoas, Brazil, and addresses health education in patient care with head and neck cancer who underwent tracheostomy. It was observed that the educational activities are present in all assignments of the multidisciplinary team, and in this sector information is transmitted effectively, so the decrease in the incidence of xerostomia, mucositis and oral infections was remarkable due to improvement in oral hygiene. This report is part of the description of an educational activity for the purpose of raising awareness on the prevention of diseases resulting from prolonged use of tracheostomy. In terms of methodology, it can be considered that the use of the banner and the conversation wheel as an educational resource, increase the possibility of ...

Everybody Has a Family: What About the Homeless Adolescents?

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Everybody Has a Family: What About the Homeless Adolescents? SILVA, B.K1; BEZERRA, W.C1; CAVALCANTE, V.M.S1; LEMOS, R.C.R1; TAVARES, T.S.S.P1, BARBOSA, F.D.S1. Alagoas Health Sciences State University. Social Assistance Municipal Secretary This study is a result of a research done with homeless adolescents in Maceio-AL, 2015. The aim of this study was to identify the existence of family relationships in their lives. The study was a qualitative and exploratory research which the data came from a semistructured interview, a sample characterization form and a work field diary. The data was analyzed through the content analysis method. A large proportion of the sample were males aging between 12 and 17 years old. The results were categorized in two subjects: the existence or not of family relationships and the quality of these family relationships. In the first one, it was identified a variety of narratives which allowed subdividing this subject in those who maintain frequently family relationships, the ones who maintain sporadically family relationships and the ones who does not maintain family relationships. In the second subject, it was observed that when the family relationship exists, they can be categorized in good, unstable and bad relationships. It was observed that the majority of the homeless adolescents were not abandoned or alone, but they were maintaining some familiar reference nearby, considering less relevant the abandonment idea1,3. Nevertheless, conflict situations at home can decrease or weaken the family relationship which can result in home abandonment by this youth. It is highlighted that conflict and rupture situations occur due to the social place that these family occupy, running out of their control and leaving family members disorientated. They are left without the necessary support to build good family references3. The research highlights the necessity of rupturing the idea ...

Restructuring of the Profile of Assistance Procape in Combination With Primary Care

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Restructuring of the Profile of Assistance Procape in Combination With Primary Care TERTULIANO, C.C1, GONÇALVES, M.K.S1, ALMEIDA, N.M1, ARAÚJO, W.M1 University of Pernambuco Inadequate structuring of the network is one of the factors that have inevitably contributed to the overload of Emergency and Emergency services available to the host of the population1. Research work carried out in 2010 on the contracting of the Cardiac Emergency Hospital of Pernambuco (PROCAPE) found that the hospital's mission was clearly defined on paper, but this still could not go along with the network, which was not its strategic focus, with a hospital difficulty in running the logic of advantages compared to other health2 services. This study aims to propose a restructuring of the care profile of PROCAPE the clinic but also strengthen it as a hospital of high complexity in cardiology. Mixed approach of study in which joints were made with two multi-professional Residency Programs in existing Family Health in the city of Recife-PE: UPE, UFPE. 900 patients treated at outpatient PROCAPE was identified in the period from January to April 2013. It was used instrument of the "checklist" to identify the complexity of the cases of 150 patients who have coverage in the Health Family Program. It was found that over 45% of patients treated at PROCAPE the clinic were considered low-complexity cases these have been discussed with the attending physician of the project, which was proposed forwarding these to the USF's closer to their homes. During the project had a significant response, where it was observed that patients who were affiliated with the FHP's articulated the project began to be attended by doctors of primary health care and only those deemed severe cases were referred to the clinic PROCAPE. From the results it was ...

Discipline of Education Elective Health as a Tool in Higher Education Student Learning: an Experience Report

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Discipline of Education Elective Health as a Tool in Higher Education Student Learning: an Experience Report BOMFIM, A.M.A1; LIMA, K.A.A1; SANTOS, L.K.F1; ARAÚJO, K.E.O1 Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas – UNCISAL Health education is the practice field and knowledge that has been concerned more directly with the creation of linkages between medical action and thinking and doing everyday of the population ¹. Some studies have investigated the health behavior among university students and found gender differences, highlighting the need for differentiated strategies for each group ². Therefore, it is understood that are proposed, interdisciplinary, building knowledge about. This is an experience report on the Health Education of influence in the formation of higher education. An observational method, with the construction of a report and then the analysis thereof was employed. The elective subject for Health Education Search offer knowledge and overcome the limitation in the core curriculum in teaching health education. With a mission to offer graduates opportunities to approach health education, strengthen the basic knowledge on the subject and develop some fundamental skills. Thus generating acquisition of knowledge and experience, clinical and scientific reasoning development and promotion of teamwork. Graduation is the perfect time to expose the student to the challenges of health education. Thus, the discipline can contribute to the process of choosing and stands as a viable alternative to offer contact with health education and as a way to promote the acquisition of knowledge about the specialty. This study showed that contact with health education expands the scientific knowledge based on the experience of students in academic education, guiding their skills, techniques, holistic and forming facilitating the construction of knowledge. The thus making it more critical and reflective with respect to their role as health educator ...

Social and Demographic Profiles of Some Addicts of Alcohol and Drugs From a Psychosocial Attention Center

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Social and Demographic Profiles of Some Addicts of Alcohol and Drugs From a Psychosocial Attention Center SANTOS, C.B1; REZENDE, B.A.M1; DI PIETRO, G1; SANTOS, J.C1; SOUZA, N.J.P1; SANTANA, T.S1 Federal University of Sergipe The careless use of alcohol and many other drugs is a phenomenon present everywhere in the world and calls for attention. According to 2015 world report of drugs by the United Nation office for drugs and crime, the estimated consumption of drugs in the world is stable. It is important to identify the user’s profile and his own particularities in addition to understand and help him to stop using drugs. Therefore, the objective of this study was to characterize a group of addict from a Psychosocial Attention Center (CAPS-Ad) drawing a social and demographic profile. Descriptive study that shows a transversal cut type, realized in CAPS-Ad, in the town of Lagarto-SE, Brazil. During the search a social and demographic questionnaire was utilized and all the participants assigned a document of free consent. There were 92 people interviewed and 87 of them were males. 12 % of the addicts were Caucasian. Their ages were between18 and 72 years old, 27 % were between 18 and 25 years old. The majority, about 65.2 % were addicts of different drugs. There were also a lot of different motives for using drugs: the majority of them were influenced by a few friends (39 %) but there was also a group (39 %) that decided by themselves to use it. The majority of the interviewed people presented a low level of schooling, and 54 % were unemployed. The social and demographic data mentioned here (men, young people, low level of social and economic life, low level of schooling and occupation) related to the use ...

Academic Incentive Scholarship (Bia) Program Under the Vision of a Participant Student

Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Academic Incentive Scholarship (Bia) Program Under the Vision of a Participant Student SANTANA, A.C1; SANTOS, M.E.S1; CAMPELLO, T.M1; DANTAS, A.C1; CUNHA, D.A1; SILVA, H.J1 University of Pernambuco1 The academic incentive scholarship (BIA) is it consists of a student assistance program, which is a partnership between the Federal University of Pernambuco and the Foundation for Science and Technology of the State of Pernambuco. Students from public schools who entered the university with the best placements in the vestibular, they are invited to participate in the program that provides scholarships as a form of financial incentive and academic monitoring. The program aims to reduce the evasion of the university students, besides assisting their training and encouraging their involvement in the university life, encouraging participation in projects that provide more information and knowledge about the course that is inserted. The student must be included in any educational project, research or extension, where you need to devote twelve hours per week on certain activities by a mentor teacher. In addition to presenting a partial report after six months of release for project and a final report at the end of the scholarship, which lasts one year. Participation in the extension project provides interaction with other health professionals, tasks like, for example, participating in research routine, summaries of articles on issues related to extension that are inserted, his activity that expands the knowledge about different subjects. The inclusion of new graduates from first period in teaching projects, research or extension, it provides such opportunity of personal growth, learning wider, intense, refined and of great weight in their professional qualification. The program benefits the university, it provides exchange of knowledge between society and the academic community, form students researchers who have had great participation in social reality and ...