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Brief valuation of Systems, Applications & Products (SAP) corporation

Research article of Global journal of Economics and Business Administration Brief valuation of Systems, Applications & Products (SAP) corporation Yibin Liu, Andrew Gleeson, Ciaran Dowling,Julian Rene Graef SAP is one of the largest players in the commercial software sector. Following our analysis of SAP’s history and capital structure, it is evident that the company has been able to sustain a stable growth for the past 15 years, whilst also maintaining a stable dividend payout. Barring 2015, SAP’s WACC has fallen year on year over the observed period, maximising shareholder value and equity prices. Its conservative financing policy, with a greater emphasis on equity financing than debt may on the one side foreclose potential growth acceleration, yet also indicates a long-sighted managerial conservatism that is focused on long-term value creation rather than short-term growth. One danger of conservative policies is the potential stalling of further growth. However, new partnerships such as the newly announced enlargement of SAP’s cooperation with Microsoft in the sphere of cloud services point in the right direction towards further growth in a highly saturated sector. Keywords: Valuation of Systems, Applications & Products, SAP ...

Evolution Continues With Quantum Biology and Artificial Intelligence

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Evolution Continues With Quantum Biology and Artificial Intelligence Robert Skopec Dubnik, Slovakia, Researcher-analyst Artificial Intelligence (AI) research has a lot to learn from nature. My work links biology with computation and AI every day, but recently the rest of the world was reminded of the connection: The 2018 Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to Frances Arnold together with George Smith and Gregory Winter for developing major breakthroughs that are collectively called “directed evolution.” One of its uses is to improve protein functions, making them better catalysts in biofuel production. Another use is entirely outside chemistry – outside even the traditional life sciences. It’s about my main innovation that Evolution continues with Artificial Intelligence and at the field of Quantum Biology, through the Economics, until the field of Military Self-Defense. Keywords: Directed Evolution, Artificial Intelligence, Quantum Biology, protein functions, Quantum Entanglement Entropy, algorithms, Computational Evolution, the neocortex, mutations, computerized intelligent systems ...

Servant leadership, Institutional Health and Effectiveness in Ethiopian Teacher Training Colleges

Review article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Servant leadership, Institutional Health and Effectiveness in Ethiopian Teacher Training Colleges Fentahun Mengistu Bite Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia The study was aimed to examine the practices and correlates among servant leadership, institutional health and effectiveness in Ethiopian Teacher Training Colleges. It was descriptive survey and correlation study conducted in sample teacher training colleges. In sum, 160 participants consisted of 52 academic staff (male=38; female=14), 54 administrative staff (male=23; female=31) and 54 students (male=43; female=11) were participated. Stratified and simple random sampling methods were employed to select samples. Mean, t-test, correlations and regressions were used to analyze data. In addition, the results were significant at p<0.05. As a result, the mean value for the practice of servant leadership in colleges understudy showed ‘middle’ or ‘sometime’ level. Besides, the Pearson correlation coefficient analysis indicated moderate positive relationships between servant leadership and organizational health (r= 0.663). The regression analysis result also showed that the contribution of servant leadership to institutional (college) health was found to be R2=0.440, F=123.924, P<0.05 indicating that 44% of the health of the institution (College) was explained by servant leadership practices and behaviors exhibited by leaders and staff in their respective work units. On top of this, Pearson correlation analysis was made between institutional health and effectiveness. As a result, it has showed statistically significant and strong positive correlation (r=0.723). It was also found out that 52.27% of institution’s (college’s) effectiveness or goal achievement was explained by healthy working conditions and environments created in each work unit. Moreover, the correlation between servant leadership and institutional (college) effectiveness also indicated statistically significant and moderate positive correlation (r= 0.612). Thus, among other factors, 37.45% of institution’s (college’s) effectiveness in goal achievement was determined by the application of servant leadership principles and behaviors ...

Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda and Sri Aurobindo- A Critical Analysis

Review article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda and Sri Aurobindo- A Critical Analysis S.Lalitha Asst Prof. of English,Bharath Institute of Higher Education & Research Chennai. Sri Aurobindo , was an Indian nationalist, freedom fighter, philosopher, yogi, guru and poet. He joined the Indian movement for freedom from British rule, for a while became one of its influential leaders and then turned into a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution. Swami Vivekananda, known in his pre-monastic life as Narendranath Datta, was born in an affluent family in Kolkata. His father,Vishwanath Datta, was a successful attorney with interests in a wide range of subjects, and his mother, Bhuvaneshwari Devi, was endowed with deep devotion, strong character and other qualities. A precocious boy, Narendra excelled in music, gymnastics and studies. By the time he graduated from Calcutta University, he had acquired a vast knowledge of different subjects, especially Western philosophy and history. These, then the Shâstras, the Guru, and the Mother¬land are the three notes that mingle themselves to form the music of the works of Vivekananda .The present paper brings out the critical analysis of the philosophies of the two great spiritual philosophers and writers in a comparative style. Keywords: Philosophy, Swami Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindo, Critical Analysis ...

Extent of Application of Strategic Management Control in the Management of Tertiary Institutions in Anambra State

Review article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Extent of Application of Strategic Management Control in the Management of Tertiary Institutions in Anambra State Okeke Ifediorah Nonyem and Okaforcha Choice Chima  Department of Educational Foundations,  Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria The main purpose of the study was to ascertain the extent of application of strategic management control in the management of tertiary institutions in Anambra State. It was a descriptive survey research guided by one research question and one null hypothesis. All the four public and private universities in Anambra State of Nigeria were studied. The population of the study comprised two-hundred (200) respondents while the sample of the study comprised one hundred and fifteen (115) respondents made up of all the twenty (20) core management staff, thirty (30) Deans selected through purposive sampling technique and sixty-five (65) HODs selected through proportionate stratified random sampling technique using 50 percent of the total population of the HODs. The instrument for data collection was researchers-developed questionnaire titled “Strategic Control Application Questionnaire” (SCAQ). The reliability of SCAQ was determined using 20 respondents from tertiary institutions in Ebonyi State. Cronbach alpha statistics was used to measure the internal consistency of the items which yielded the means of 0.83. The researchers personally administered copies of the instrument on the respondents in their respective institutions. Data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviations and ANOVA. The findings of the study indicated among others that strategic management control was applied to a low extent in tertiary institutions in Anambra State. It was among others recommended that the ministry of education should attempt organizing for managers regular workshops, short courses and seminars on strategic management control to enable them grasp the fundamentals and have confidence in managing strategically and that NUC should ensure ...

Nutrition Attitudes and Information Levels of Football Referees

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Nutrition Attitudes and Information Levels of Football Referees 1İbrahim Muhammed Salih İBRAHİM,1Hayri DEMİR,2Mehmet ALTIN Department of Social Welfare, Effutu Municipality 1 Selcuk University, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Sports Management Department Konya / Turkey 2 Selçuk University, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Recreation Department Konya/Turkey This study aims at revealing the changes in nutrition attitude and knowledge levels of football referees. 130 referees actively serving as Candidate, Provincial and Regional Referees in Izmir, Konya, Aksaray and Niğde provinces constituted the sample group of the study. The personal information form was used in obtaining the socio-demographic information, and the nutrition knowledge and attitude scale developed by Ertürk (2010) was used in determination of the nutrition attitude and knowledge. The variance and homogeneity of the data were tested, “Independent Samples t Test” was used for binary comparisons, “One Vay Anowa” for differences between groups in multiple comparisons, and “Tukey” test for the determination of variation sources. The nutritional attitudes of the provincial and district referees were higher than those of the candidate referees and the nutritional information of the candidate referees were higher than the provincial and district referees and this change was statistically found to be significant (P <0.05). While no change due to the gender factor was observed, nutrition information of the referees received nutrition lessons was found to be higher than the referees who did not, and this change was statistically found to be significant (P <0.05). No difference was found in nutritional attitudes and knowledge of the referees depending on factors such as age, income, sibling, years of service, and level of education. As a result, it can be said that candidate referees who have just started their duties have more nutrition knowledge than provincial and district referees, and provincial and ...