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Estimation of Risk Factors for Cardio vascular Diseases in urban & semi-urban population: A prospective Observational Study

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Estimation of Risk Factors for Cardio vascular Diseases in urban & semi-urban population: A prospective Observational Study C.Nithish1, R.Bhanu Prasad2, M.Rakesh Reddy2, Mahitha Reddy1 1Department of clinical Pharmacy, Chalmeda Aanad Rao Institute of medical sciences & Vaageswari college of Pharmacy, Karimnagar, India.2Department of clinical Pharmacy, BBR Super Speciality Hospital & Sri Indhu institute of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, India Cardiovascular diseases (coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease) are the major causes of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes. It has been reported that 60–80% of patients with diabetes die of cardiovascular events. Hypertension and Diabetes are the major causes for the cardio vascular diseases across the world particularly in India. In present study, in our study population, we found that males are more prone to CVD. Hypertension and Alcohol intake are the leading causes of Cardiovascular Diseases . Keywords: Cardio vascular diseases, Hypertension, Diabetes, Alcohol, smoking ...

Strategy to Reduce Incidence Disease of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Bukittinggi West Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Strategy to Reduce Incidence Disease of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Bukittinggi West Sumatera, Indonesia Syukra Alhamda1, Nova Herawati2, Eri Barlian3, Abdul Razak4 1Doctorate Program in Environtmental Science, Padang State University, West-Sumatera, 2The Lecture of Polytechnic of Health Padang, Ministery of Health Republic of Indonesia, Padang, West-Sumatera, Indonesia 3Dean of Doctorate Program in Environtmental Science, Padang State University, West-Sumatera, Indonesia 4Doctorate Program in Environtmental Science, Padang State University, West-Sumatera, Indonesia Background: Disease of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)) is contagion which because of virus dengue and contagious through of Aedes aegypti. This disease can attack everybody and death. In Bukittinggi represent non-area of endemic DHF, but almost every year the progress of occurrence DHF, District which at most case of DHF is Aur Birugo Tigo Baleh (ABTB), besides wide of the smallest area also there is the environmental factor which related case of DHF. In this context, the study aims to know Related of existence larva mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Implementation of 3M Plus with Improvement incidence disease Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Bukittinggi. Methods: It is an analytic survey with study design of case-control use test of chi- square. Research location in District of ABTB, its research responder are 78 with the technique of totally sampling. Result: The research show existence snap fingers at house snapping fingers at and suffering DHF 61,5%, do not snap fingers at and suffer DHF 38,5%. Value of House Index (HI) 43,6%, Container Index (CI) 17,9%. Implementation of 3M Plus unfavorable and suffer DHF 69,2%, while Implementation of 3M Plus good and suffer DHF 30,8%. Conclusions: From the result of research pvalue=0,003 (p<0,05), there are relation existence larva mosquitoes Aedes aegypti with Improvement incidence disease Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever and pvalue=0,040 (p<0,05), there are a relation of 3M Plus ...

Testing weak form informational efficiency on the Tunisian stock market using long memory models

Research Article of American Journal of Financial Management Testing weak form informational efficiency on the Tunisian stock market using long memory models Mohamed Ali HOUFI Department of Finance and Investment, Faculty of Business Administration, University of Tabuk, KSA. The purpose of this paper is to test the weak-form market efficiency of the Tunisian stock market using recent developments in time series econometrics. The efficiency hypothesis was tested by using the class of long memory models namely ARFIMA-FIGARCH. For this, we will attempt to examine the long memory behavior in the returns and the volatility series of the Tunisian stock market index namely Tunindex. Our empirical study covers a sample covering the Tunindex during the period: 02/01/1998 to 16/03/2018. Our results show the presence of the long memory property in the return and volatility specified respectively by an ARFIMA and FIGARCH process. This result implies that it is possible to predict future stock prices and an extraordinary gain could be obtained when trading in this market, which displays that the Tunisian stock market is not efficient in its weak-form. Keywords:  long memory, ARFIMA, FIEGARCH, heteroscedasticity, efficiency ...

VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IN CHILDREN AGED 6 – 11 AT VIETNAM NATIONAL CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL

Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IN CHILDREN AGED 6 – 11 AT VIETNAM NATIONAL CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL Luu Thi My Thuc*, Nguyen Thi Hang, Nguyen Thi Hang Nga, Ha Thi Hong Giang, Nguyen Thi Thuy Hong** *Vietnam National Children’s Hospital, Vietnam ** Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam Objective: Describe the situation of vitamin D deficiency in children aged 6 – 11 years at Vietnam National Children’s Hospital. Method: Cross-sectional study. Results: In 155 healthy children in the study, vitamin D deficiency (25(OH)D serum level < 50 nmol/l) was 23.9%. Common clinical symptoms of vitamin D deficiency were long bone pain (32%) and low ionized calcium level (83.8%). There was inverse linear correlation between vitamin D level, weight-for-age z score (WAZ) (r= –0.266 and p<0.01) and BMI-for-age z score (BAZ) (r= –0.241 and p<0.01). Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in healthy children aged 6-11 years (23.9%), the most common clinical symptoms of vitamin D deficiency were long bone pain and low serum level of ionized calcium, which have value in vitamin D deficiency diagnosis. Keywords:Vitamin D deficiency, children aged 6 – 11 years, primary school age, Vietnam National Children’s Hospital ...

Dietary intakes, nutrition status and micronutrient deficiency in picky eating children under 5 years old in the Vietnam National Hospital of Pediatrics

Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Dietary intakes, nutrition status and micronutrient deficiency in picky eating children under 5 years old in the Vietnam National Hospital of Pediatrics LuuThi My Thuc1; Nguyen Duc Tam2;Vu Ngoc Ha3, Nguyen Quang Dung3, Nguyen Thi Hang Nga1; Nguyen Thi Hang1 1Department of Nutrition, National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam 2Department of Pediatrics, Thai Binh Medical University, Vietnam 3Department of Nutrition and Food Safety, Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam Background: Recently, picky eating behaviors have become more and more common in Vietnam. Early identification of nutritional deficiencies through assessment of nutritional status and dietary intake is important to be able to intervene in time to help children optimum in growing physically and cognitively. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary intake of under five years old children with picky eating behavior and the consequences of these diets on their nutrition status. Methods: Dietary intake was assessed using 24-hour dietary recall for 124 under five years old who presented with picky eating behavior at Vietnam National Hospital of Pediatrics. Nutrients intakes were calculated using validated dietary analysis software and compared with age-appropriate Vietnam Recommended(Recommended Nutrient Intakes- RNI). Nutrition status was assessment follow WHO guideline 2009, micronutrients deficiency was evaluated based on laboratory tests. Results:84.7% of the children had an unbalanced diets, lacking in overall energy intake(70-90% of RNI:48 and ≤ 50%: 19%). Prevalence of stunting (32.3%), under weight (28.2%), wasting (13.7%) and micronutrients deficiency was high. Conclusions: Children with picky eating behavior had high prevalence of inadequate diet, malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Early identification and treatment of picky eating behavior in children is needed to prevent malnutrition. Keywords: picky eating, dietary intake, micronutrient deficiency ...

The mediating role of optimism and resilience on emotional distress in infertility: an integrative literature review

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews The mediating role of optimism and resilience on emotional distress in infertility: an integrative literature review Diana Santa-Cruz1, Soledad Chamorro2, Juan A. Garcia-Velasco1 1IVI-RMA Madrid and Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain 2IVI RMA MADRID. Objective: To find any role of optimism and/or resilience mediating emotional distress in infertility. Method: We performed a literature search for 2000–2017 in PubMed, PsycINFO and Elsevier, for original articles and reviews, using keywords “resilience,” “infertility,” “optimism,” “LOT-R,” “in vitro fertilization,” and “assisted reproductive technology.” Additional references were collected from articles located thereby. Results: The evidence reveals a growing trend of promoting people´s positive health assets and indicates significant negative associations of optimism and resilience with anxiety and depression and positive associations with self-esteem and perception of control. It seems optimism and resilience heavily influence physical and mental health and diminishes emotional distress due to infertility. Discussion: This review highlights the importance of the development of therapeutic and preventive interventions increasing optimism and resilience against affective dysregulation and emotional distress caused by infertility. Keywords: Assisted reproductive technology (ART); Infertility; optimism; Resilience, Emotional distress ...