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Optimization of Local Wort and Fermented Beer from Barley as Substitute Raw Material for Ethanol Production Using Response Surface Methodology

Research Article of International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research Optimization of Local Wort and Fermented Beer from Barley as Substitute Raw Material for Ethanol Production Using Response Surface Methodology Zinabu Hailu, Basha Mekonnen Chemical Engineering Department, Adigrat University The research work was aimed to find the exact optimized operating temperature, time, pH and substrate which is important for the production of wort and fermented beer in both mashing and fermentation processes. Here, the barley was used as a basic source of substrate and enzymes. To determine the optimum operating temperature, pH, time and substrate under mashing and fermentation processes, Central Composite Experimental Design (CCD) was used. The results showed that, the maximum % malt extracts (92.36 %), fermentable sugar (10.53 oBx) were observed at 70oC, 120 min., pH value of 4.5 and 30 gm substrate source addition. After optimizing the wort, the fermentation experiment was conducted accordingly the combination which was given by design expert software. The maximum degree of attenuation value (86 %) was observed at 20oC, 96 hr, and pH value of 4.4 and 75 gm substrate source added. Therefore, good barley type and optimum condition for mashing and fermentation process were found to be significant effect for high wort, and distillery beer. Keywords: Mashing, Attenuation, Fermentable sugar, Optimization, Wort ...

Magnitude and associated factors of goiter, and iodized salt utilization among adolescent girls in the highland area of North Shewa zone, Central Ethiopia

Research Article of International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research Magnitude and associated factors of goiter, and iodized salt utilization among adolescent girls in the highland area of North Shewa zone, Central Ethiopia Abayneh Birlie Department of Public Health, College of health Science, Debre Birhan University Background: Iodine deficiency disorder is a common and preventable global public health problem that causes irreversible mental retardation. IDD is more prevalent in developing countries, especially in mountain areas. Therefore this study aimed to assess the magnitude and associated factors of goiter among adolescent girls. The knowledge and utilization of iodine-rich foods and iodized salt of adolescent girls in the highland area of North Shewa zone, Central Ethiopia was also assessed. Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from October 5, 2018, to December 30, 2019. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 477 adolescent girls from 12 schools. A pre-tested structured self-administered questionnaire, anthropometric measure and thyroid gland examination were used for data collection. The collected data were entered into Epi Data 3.1 software and analyzed using Anthro plus and SPSS version 21 software. Results: The overall prevalence of goiter was 50.4% of which 35.4% were palpable and 15.0% were visible goiter. Being post-menarche (AOR=3.241, 95% CI= (1.288-8.152)) and thin (AOR=1.124, 95% CI= (1.068-14.680)) adolescent girl increased the risk goiter. Two hundred seventy (60.8%) adolescent girls had awareness about salt iodization and 54.5% girls said it is important to prevent goiter. Though packed salt was used by 58.2% only 30.6% of households of adolescent girls add salt immediately before the end of cooking or after cooking. Conclusions: Goiter is a serious health problem that affects about half of adolescent girls in the study area. The risk of developing goiter was higher among girls who initiated menstruation and suffered from thinness. There is low ...

SIGNIFICANCE OF LIBRARY EDUCATION ON LIBRARY PATRONAGE AMONG EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY STUDENT

Review article of Global Journal of Library and Information Science SIGNIFICANCE OF LIBRARY EDUCATION ON LIBRARY PATRONAGE AMONG EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY STUDENT Oluwabunmi Ogunleye Ekiti-State University Library This paper discussed the role of library education on library patronage among Ekiti State university students. The study is based on personal experiment on student within the library, and their optimal usage of library materials both electronic and print materials. This paper as well reviews some documentation on library education and it impacts through, faculty library head reports on student head counts during library opening hour and the report on materials consulted by all students. It also embraces the report of introduction techniques and other services rendered by the school management in inculcating the “use of library and study skills” as a course of study for all new students to stress the importance of effectively and efficiently usage of available library materials for better academic performance. Educational performance evaluation report on student from four faculties within the university was also a secondary data used in this paper. Keywords: Library education (LB), Library Patronage (LP), Information, Patron ...

HUMANIZATION IN OBSTETRIC ASSISTANCE FOR PAIN RELIEF IN NORMAL LABOR

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology HUMANIZATION IN OBSTETRIC ASSISTANCE FOR PAIN RELIEF IN NORMAL LABOR Veronica Barbosa de Andrade 1*, Maria Wedja da Silva 2, Maria Celeste Campello Diniz 3, Gyulia Nayara Guedes Melo 4, Alecksandra Maria Reis de Farias Santos5, Manoel Pereira da Silva Junior6. Introduction: Historically, women were given birth in the home by the help of midwives, but they heard changes from the increase in the performance of professionals with interventional practices, especially in the hospital environment. Today, even in the hospital setting, the humanized care in childbirth remit the values of a natural childbirth as something physiological. Objective: To describe the experience lived as a nursing student about the role of the nurse in humanized childbirth care in a Maternity Hospital in the city of Rio Largo. Method: This is a descriptive study of the experience of the Nursing Work Placement in the city of Rio Largo in the period from 11 to September 29, 2017. Results: It was possible to observe how the humanized care at birth changes the behavior and perception of pain in the parturient. During labor, women were encouraged to use non-pharmacological methods among these methods; the use of the Swiss ball, stool, lumbosacral massage and the calm environment. Assistance was provided in a humane way. Conclusion: It is necessary that nurses take care, so that they have a humanized care focused on childbirth care to minimize the perception of painful stimuli in women, using non-pharmacological methods, without interventional practices allowing women to be protagonists of their childbirth. Keywords: Normal childbirth, Humanized childbirth, Nursing, Perception of pain ...

PAIN IN SITUATION OF SPONTANEOUS ABORTMENT: AN EXPERIENCE REPORT

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology PAIN IN SITUATION OF SPONTANEOUS ABORTMENT: AN EXPERIENCE REPORT Aksileiny Ledjaney Menezes Matos, Paulo Cesar Vieira de Almeida, Lavynea Silva Menezes , Wedja Maria da Silva, Ana Lúcia Melk Cirino de Almeida, Linda Concita Nunes Araújo Faculdade Estácio de Alagoas. Introduction: The provoked or induced abortion, in its definition, is the act of stopping pregnancy for external and intentional reasons before extrauterine viability. The physical and emotional consequences that abortion entails, which can lead to irreversible sequelae, and even to the death of women, miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week. Leading to a feeling of pain not only by mourning, but also for the suffering of abortion (Sell, Sandra Elisa, et al.; 2015). For Sescato, Souza and Wall (2008), pain is considered a sensory and subjective experience. pain is also related to several factors that influence your perception, such as fear, mental stress, tension, fatigue, loneliness, social and affective helplessness, and ignorance of what is happening. Objective: To describe the experience experienced by a nursing student during nursing care in abortion situation. Methodology: This is a descriptive study of the report of experience in a public maternity hospital in the municipality of Maceió-AL, in 2015. Results: During nursing care provided to a woman in an abortion situation, it was noticeable through physiognomy that she had severe pain. Faced with an exhaustive routine of health professionals, care without directly worrying about pain making care mechanically, thus, and there is no concern in trying to calm the patient not passing information about the procedures and techniques to be performed, forgetting even to identify themselves. Conclusion: In view of the experience experienced, the importance of a team qualified to assist patients in complex situations such as abortion, with ...

IDENTIFICATION AND REVELATION OF GESTACIONAL LOSS: EXPERIENCE REPORT

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology IDENTIFICATION AND REVELATION OF GESTACIONAL LOSS: EXPERIENCE REPORT Rafaela Christine Silva Souza¹*, Beatriz Lúcio Miranda da Silva², Carlla Maria Cabral da Silva³, Maria Ana Sebastião de Oliveira4, Náira Maria Olivense do Carmo5, Nirliane Ribeiro Barbosa6 Introduction: The Interdisciplinary Actions Project in Maternal Health-InfantiI consists of a strategy focused on maternal and child health care, as an extension project of the Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca Campus, focusing on interdisciplinarity covering the courses: Nursing, Psychology and Social Assistance. From the experiences in the project, a situation of gestational loss caught the attention of the members of the project. According to the Ministry of Health, fetal death is characterized as the death of the product of pregnancy before expulsion or complete extraction of the maternal body. Indicates death the fact that, after separation, the fetus has no sign of life. Objectives: To report the experience of a woman who suffered gestational loss accompanied by project members during action in a maternity ward. Methodology: Descriptive study of the type of experience report based on the experience of nursing and psychology students from the Federal University of Alagoas. The experience in question took place in May 2018, in a maternity ward in the city of Arapiraca-Alagoas. Results: During the actions of the project we had contact for two consecutive days with a full-term pregnant woman, primiparous, accompanied by the husband and mother. She reported pain in the lumbar region and in the lower womb. On the first day she was in the latency phase of labor and was advised by the on-call nurse to wander to help in uterine dynamics. The next day, the parturient was in active labor, was accompanied by her mother and the psychology student, until then everything went smoothly. On ...