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Anger, Anxiety and Health Determinants in the Process of Community Recovery

Review Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Anger, Anxiety and Health Determinants in the Process of Community Recovery Pascal Scoles, DSW, LCSW Professor, Behavioral Health and Human Services and Director, Office of Collegiate Recovery, Student Life, Community College of Philadelphia, PA The article discusses anger and anxiety in the context of recovery. It relates social determinants of health to individual pathology and how an individuals stress level is related to one’s community. How stressors such as, drug infected areas, lack of access to parks and playgrounds, quality education, etc impact significantly on a person’s anxiety is discussed. To help facilitate healthy change the use of peer specialists and partnering with the faith-based community can create a more comprehensive network of supportive allies. Keywords: Anger, Anxiety, Health Determinants, Community Recovery ...

IMPACT OF CULTURAL EVENTS ON THE CITY AND CULTURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN IT

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research IMPACT OF CULTURAL EVENTS ON THE CITY AND CULTURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN IT Prof. Dr. Virginija Jurėnienė, MA Aurelija Kuizinaitė Institute of Social Sciences and Applied Informatics, Vilnius University Kaunas Faculty A feature of the modern society is the city which tries to express itself by means of social and physical environment. One of the means of expression are events whose activities engage local residents, visitors, guests, tourists, and, of course, distant spectators by means of smart global technologies. Cultural activities manifest by implementing cultural projects of various areas, starting from one-time local events, and ending with large-scale international projects. Cultural tourism is a great opportunity of urban and regional tourism development. Implementation of cultural events in cities can have impact on cultural tourism development and its planning, and can be one of the very important economic as well as sociocultural impact of tourism that manifests by created infrastructure, increasing supply of services and entertainment, and lively cultural life in cities. The work is relevant because it reveals for the first time how mega cultural events in cities are or can be an effect for cultural tourism development in cities. Keywords: cultural events, city, types of impact, cultural tourism ...

Clinical and Histopathological Findings in Patients with Follicular Dermatoses: All Skin Diseases Starts in the Hair Follicles as New Hypothesis

Research Article of American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews Clinical and Histopathological Findings in Patients with Follicular Dermatoses: All Skin Diseases Starts in the Hair Follicles as New Hypothesis *Professor Khalifa E. Sharquie MD,PhD,FRCP Edin, *Professor Adil A. Noaimi MD, DDV, FICMS, **Dr. Rusul A. Flayih MD. *Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad. Iraqi and Arab Board for Dermatology and Venereology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq. ** Center of Dermatology; Baghdad Teaching Hospital; Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq. Background: Follicular dermatoses are group of skin diseases characterised by follicular lesions during the course of the disease. Objective: To gather all skin diseases where there is follicular lesions to be evaluated in order to reach the hypothesis that hair follicles are the most principal target area in the etiopathogenesis of these skin disorders. Patients and Methods: This is a descriptive, clinical and histopathological study that was carried out at the Department of Dermatology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City, and Baghdad, Iraq during the period from November 2018 to August 2019. Sixty patients with different follicular dermatoses were enrolled and all socio- demographic data related to the disease was obtained from each patient, in addition to physical examination was performed for each patient. Biopsies were taken from 40 patients, for histopathological evaluation. Results: Sixty patient, were included in this study, 35 patients males and 25 patients females with male to female ratio 1.4:1. Their ages ranged from 1-80(30.2 ± 16.96) years. All patients had follicular lesions. The histopathological results showed: perifollicular lymphocytes, follicular invasion and degeneration, follicular plugging, fibrous tract remnant, perifollicular melanophages and absent melanin pigment in the epidermis of patients with vitiligo. Conclusion: The result of the present study showed that all skin diseases start in the hair follicles and might spread to involve the ...

Topical Therapy of Vitiligo Using Sunlight Exposure with Lactic Acid Cream (10%) Versus Methoxsalene Solution

Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Topical Therapy of Vitiligo Using Sunlight Exposure with Lactic Acid Cream (10%) Versus Methoxsalene Solution 1Khalifa E. Sharquie, 2Wesal K. Aljanabi, 3Tamara Qais Al-Mohammedi 1Professor, MD; PhD., Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad. Iraqi and Arab Board for Dermatology and Venereology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq. 2MD; FIBMS. Dermatology Center; Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq. 3MBChB, Dermatology Center; Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq. Background Vitiligo is a common autoimmune disease to which multiple therapies have been used. Lactic acid in different modes of preparation like 15% topical solution and 1% intralesional injection has been tried effectively in treatment of vitiligo. Objectives to test the efficacy of lactic acid cream10% with sunlight exposure in treatment of vitiligo, and to be compared with topical methoxsalene solution with sunlight exposure. Materials and Methods This is an interventional, therapeutic, single blinded, comparative study that was conducted in the Center of Dermatology, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq, between April 2018 and June 2019. Patients with generalized and localized vitiligo were included. The diagnosis of vitiligo was based on clinical characteristic loss of skin pigmentation and supported by woods light examination. The demographic features were recorded. Physical examination was done to determine the site and number of patches per patient. The patients were divided into two groups: group A patients, were treated with lactic acid 10% cream followed by sunlight exposure. While in group B, the patients were treated with topical methoxsalene solution followed by sunlight exposure. All patients were assessed, and the surface area of each patch was measured before starting the treatment and every month for 3 months of treatment. The side effects were also recorded. A follow up visit after 3 months was done. A reduction rate in the surface area ...

Follicular Dermatoses in Iraqi Patients (Clinical and Histopathological Evaluation)

Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Follicular Dermatoses in Iraqi Patients (Clinical and Histopathological Evaluation) 1Professor Adil A. Noaimi MD, DDV, FICMS, 2Dr. Rusul A. Flayih MD. 1Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad. Iraqi and Arab Board for Dermatology and Venereology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq; 2Center of Dermatology; Baghdad Teaching Hospital; Medical City,Baghdad,Iraq Background: Follicular dermatoses are skin diseases that involved the hair follicle either early or during the course of the disease. Objective: To collect a number of dermatoses where there is follicular involvement, to be studied and analysed in order to reach a conclusion that hair follicles are the most important target area in the pathogenesis of these dermatoses. Patients and Methods: This is a descriptive, clinical and histopathological study that was carried out at the Centre of Dermatology and Venereology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq during the period from December 2017 to August 2019. Forty patients with follicular dermatoses were included and all socio- demographic data related to the disease was obtained from each patient, in addition to clinical examination was performed for each patient. Lesional biopsies were done for 20 patients, for histopathological examination by Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E). Results: The mean age ± SD was 30.2±16.96 years, 25 patients were males and 15 patients were females, the clinical diagnosis of follicular diseases was established for all skin diseases included in the present work. The histopathological findings of lesional biopsies were mainly: perifollicular lymphocytes, follicular invasion and degeneration, follicular plugging, fibrous tract remnant, perifollicular melanophages and hair follicle cyst. Conclusion: The result of the present study does encourage us to suggest that almost all skin diseases included in this study start initially on the hair follicle and then spread to involve the adjacent epidermis ...

The Need for Pre-retirement Vocational Education Training for Workers in Tertiary Institutions in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews The Need for Pre-retirement Vocational Education Training for Workers in Tertiary Institutions in Ekiti State, Nigeria Dr. B. G. Agboola1, Dr. M.A. Aina2, Dr. I. P. Ogundola3, Dr. C. J. Ayodele4 1Department of Adult Education and Community Development,Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti; 2Vocational and Technical Education Department, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti; 3Department of Vocational and Technical Education, Faculty of Education,Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti; 4Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti This study examined the need for pre-retirement vocational education training for workers in tertiary institutions in Ekiti State. Descriptive research design was used for this study. The population of the study was 9,523, made up of academic and non-academic members of staff in the four public tertiary institutions in the state. Five per cent (5%) of the total population was used as the sample for the study using proportionate sampling technique. Thus, the sample for the study was 476 members of staff. A set of questionnaire titled “Questionnaire on Pre-retirement Education Training for Tertiary Institution Workers in Ekiti State (QPETTIW) was administered on the respondents. All the administered questionnaires were returned, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the four research questions. The finding revealed that there were economic, social and psychological needs for pre-retirement vocational education training for workers in public tertiary institutions in Ekiti State. Thus, it was recommended that institutional authorities should incorporate pre-retirement vocational training/education into their staff development programme, among others. Keywords: Pre-retirement, Vocational Education; Training, Workers, Tertiary Institution, Retirement ...