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Evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of ethanolic extract of Panax ginseng against Periodontal pathogens: An invitro study

Research Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of ethanolic extract of Panax ginseng against Periodontal pathogens: An invitro study 1Amulya. K.S., 2Jayasheela M., 3Gayathri G., 4Mehta D.S. 1Post graduate student, Department of Periodontics, Bapuji dental college and hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India; 2Professor, Department of Periodontics, Bapuji dental college and hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India; 3Professor, Head of the department, Department of Periodontics, Bapuji dental college and hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India; 4Professor, Department of Periodontics, Bapuji dental college and hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India The present experimental study was carried out with the aim of evaluating the antibacterial activity of ethanolic extract of Panax ginseng on the most common periodontal pathogens, Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) Prevotella intermedia (Pi), Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa). Ethanolic extract of Panax ginseng was prepared using maceration technique. Thus obtained extract was tested for its antimicrobial efficacy against 4 periodontal pathogens by means of evaluating the Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), Minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) and time kill curve analysis. MIC was carried out by using serial dilution method. MBC was assessed by incubating the cultures of microorganisms with the same drug concentrations as MIC. Time kill curve (TKC) was analysed by incubating the organisms in anaerobic chamber, to evaluate the timely declination of growth rate. The results indicated that the ethanolic extract of Panax ginseng was both bacteriostatic and bactericidal for Pg and Pi at 0.8 µg/ml and for Fn at 50 µg/ml. But for Aa, it was only bacteriostatic at 25 µg/ml but not bactericidal in nature. Also, Pg showed no growth after 10 minutes, but the growth of Pi, Fn and Aa was not inhibited even after incubation for 2 hours. From this in-vitro study we conclude that the ethanolic extract of panax ginseng showed antimicrobial efficacy against all the ...

Research on the Current Situation of Industrial Structure and Upgrading Path in Hubei Province under the Background of Central Rise

Research Article of Global journal of Economics and Business Administration Research on the Current Situation of Industrial Structure and Upgrading Path in Hubei Province under the Background of Central Rise Kang Li Business School, HuBei University. The development of the industrial structure affects the development of the regional economy. From the implementation of the rise of central China to the present, while the industrial structure of Hubei Province is developing, there are also unreasonable phenomena. This article analyzes the industrial structure of Hubei Province from 2004 to 2018.It first analyzes the current situation of the industrial structure of Hubei Province, the current situation of the industrial structure, the existing problems and reasons, and finally proposes the path of industrial structure optimization in Hubei Province based on the analysis results. Keywords: Industrial structure; Central rise strategy; Optimization path ...

A study of “Micro STEM” Physics Classroom Teaching

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews A study of "Micro STEM" Physics Classroom Teaching Shanchao Guan1,2 1Yangshan Experimental Middle School,Suzhou,Jiangsu,China; 2College of education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an,Shaanxi,China This paper explores the “Micro STEM” physics classroom teaching from the two aspects of pre-class design ideas and teaching links, and conducts an investigation on the teaching effect of students after class. The study finds that “Micro STEM” classroom enables students to understand and use the target knowledge better than traditional classroom, and students’interest in learning and classroom participation are higher. It is helpful to cultivate students’ability to discover and solve problems and sense of teamwork, and to improve students’ core scientific literacy. Keywords: Micro STEM; Physics classroom; Teaching inquiry; teaching evaluation ...

Expressed Beliefs Concerning the Demographic Characteristics of Various Types of Criminal Offenders

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Expressed Beliefs Concerning the Demographic Characteristics of Various Types of Criminal Offenders Raqota Berger Center for Criminal and Psychological Studies, Los Angeles, California People often think of certain demographic characteristics when they are asked about particular kinds of criminal offenders and behaviors. Having set beliefs and attitudes about particular kinds of social groups often comes with negative labeling, stereotyping, and unfavorable treatment. This study examined what came into the minds of 573 people when they were asked about specific kinds of criminal groups or offenders. The findings from this study confirmed that there are clear patterns in the ways that people tend to think when they are asked about the demographics of criminal offenders. Research participants from all demographic backgrounds generally displayed common thoughts and beliefs about which types of people fall into specific offending categories, such as serial killers being White, gang members being Hispanic, prison inmates being Black, drug addicts being White, and outlaw bikers being White. Across all categories it was found that most people think of males when it comes to criminal offending. Other clear patterns revealed included thoughts about offenders typically being young and from the lower class; although there were some deviations from this for certain types of offenders and groups (e.g., outlaw bikers). The findings from this study should be useful across a number of fields such as psychology, criminology, sociology, social work, and corrections. Keywords: criminal offenders, serial killers, gang members, outlaw bikers, prison inmates, stereotypes, beliefs, demographics ...

INFLUENCE OF TAE BO EXERCISE ON BONE MARKERS AND FRAX SCORE

Research Article of International Journal of Aging Research INFLUENCE OF TAE BO EXERCISE ON BONE MARKERS AND FRAX SCORE Slavica Janković1, Mirsad Muftić2, Amra Macić Džanković3, Majda Zonić Imamović4 1Veleučilište, Lavoslav Ružička“ u Vukovaru, Hrvatska, 2Fakultet zdravstvenih studija Univerzitet u Sarajevu, Bosna i Hercegovina, 3Fakultet zdravstvenih studija Univerzitet “Vitez” u Vitezu, Bosna i Hercegovina, 4Medicinski fakultet Tuzla, Bosna i Hercegovina In recent times, osteoporosis has taken epidemic proportions. It is a disorder that in time of industrialization and application of new technologies is starting to impact even the younger population. The use of modern devices in everyday life is resulting in a reduce level of human physical activity, consequently leading to inactive way of life and increase in number of people suffering from osteoporosis. Going beyond its educational character, this dissertation also has an aim to point out potential positive aspects of Tae Bo exercises on people with osteoporosis and potential positive effect on bone mass, lowering of FRAX score and better quality of life. The study included 92 patients with osteoporosis diagnosis, who at the beginning and at the end of the study carried out laboratory blood, urine, densitometry tests and filled out questionnaires of the ten-year risk of fracture (FRAX) and Quality Questionnaire QUALEFFO 31. The study was prospective, randomized controlled study conducted on a group of women between 55 and 65 years age during the period from 01.07.2018. to 01.07.2019. Research has shown that programs Tae Bo exercise can positively impact the greater bone mass and quality of life of people with osteoporosis. Considering the social and economic magnitude and the breath of osteoporosis as a global and widespread problem, the main contribution of this study was to find new ways in mitigating the effects. Keywords: osteoporosis, quality of life, Tae Bo exsersises ...

Trichotillomania is chronic obsessive compulsive disease with a diagnostic hair loss patterns

Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Trichotillomania is chronic obsessive compulsive disease with a diagnostic hair loss patterns Khalifa E. Sharquie1, Fatema A. Al-Jaralla2 1Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad. Iraqi and Arab Board for Dermatology & Venereology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq. 2Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad , Baghdad, Iraq. Background: Trichotillomania (TTM) is a common cause of childhood alopecia. It’s a traumatic alopecia and is defined as the irresistible urge to pull out the hair, accompanied by a sense of relief after the hair has been plucked. The condition maybe episodic and the chronic type is difficult to treat. There seem to be an increase in the prevalence of the condition probably due to the changing life style into a more stressful one. Objective: To do full evaluation of this disease and description of  hair loss patterns. Patients and methods: In this descriptive study, we collected patients with trichotillomania who had attended department of dermatology, college of medicine, university of Baghdad, Baghdad teaching hospital during the period from 2011 through 2019 where 114 cases of TTM were seen. The diagnosis was established on clinical basis after exclusion of other dermatological diseases and medical problems.Full history was taken from each patient including demographic data, presence of stressful life event as a triggering factor. Psycholgical assessment was carried out for each patient by experienced dermatologist as psychiatric referral was refused by all patients and their families.Full description of patterns of hair loss was carried out after exclusion of other causes of hair loss especially alopecia areata. Results: A total of 114 patients diagnosed with TTM were enrolled in this study,88 (77.19%) patients were females and 26 (22.8%) males with female to male ratio: 3.38:1 . Age of ...