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Here We Go Again: An Analysis of Re-Segregation in Georgia Charter Schools

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Here We Go Again: An Analysis of Re-Segregation in Georgia Charter Schools Andrea N. Smith, Ed.D. University of West Georgia, College of Education, Early Childhood Through Secondary Education Scholars note that failing public schools are the civil rights issue of our day (Frankenberg, 2011; Orfield, 2004). The current discussion about school reform in the U.S. over the past two decades has shifted from one of equity to one based on excellence in the form of student achievement. A primary solution for student achievement has been popularized and made into dominant discourse through legislation such as No Child Left Behind (2001) and Race to the Top (2009). In this analysis, the author provides a historical context of the charter school movement as a backdrop for charter school enrollment trends and policy in Georgia. As charter schools in Georgia continue to gain popularity as a primary school choice option for African American students, it is essential that policymakers create charter legislation that encourages the creation of socioeconomically and racially diverse schools. Moreover, both policymakers and stakeholders in education need to decide to what end are we expanding choice, and what kinds of choice might get us closer to more integrated, and ultimately, democratic schools? Keywords: Re-Segregation, Georgia Charter Schools ...

The concepts of Lifelong Learning, Lifelong Training and Adult Education

Review article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews The concepts of Lifelong Learning, Lifelong Training and Adult Education Georgios Giannoukos, Vasiliki Iliopoulou, Vasilios Hioctour, Christos Galiropoulos Second Chance School, Greece The concepts of learning and education, even if they have common semantic starting points, are synonymous, and in recent decades, there has been a shift towards the notion of learning as a dominant concept (Jarvis, 1995). Many scholars have tried to define the complex nature of learning. Jarvis (1995) considers that “learning is the process of transforming experience into knowledge, skills, attitude, values, feelings”. According to UNESCO, education is “organized teachings designed to convey a combination of knowledge, skills and understanding, valuable to all activities of life” (Jarvis, 1995). From the above we can conclude that education as a concept and as a process is more structured and more organized than learning, yet the concept of learning is wider and encompasses the concept of education, taking into account the fact that not all forms of learning have an educational character. Keywords: Lifelong Learning, lifelong Training, adult education ...

Design of reverse logistics network for the end-of-life automobiles based on sustainable development

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Design of reverse logistics network for the end-of-life automobiles based on sustainable development LIU Kun, ZHANG Rong Institute of Logistics Science and Engineering, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, 201306, China From the point of view of sustainable development, a multi-objective mixed integer model to solve the problem of location and flow distribution of reverse logistics network of end-of-life automobiles. To reflect the various aspects of sustainable development, not only to minimize the objectives of economic cost and environmental cost, at the same time with the maximization of social benefits as the goal. Combined with the case, using the ideal point method by using lingo, it is concluded that the sustainable of scrapped automobile reverse logistics network optimization scheme. In addition, the impact of government subsidy on the sustainability of reverse logistics network is analyzed. In addition, the uncertainty of product recovery and the influence of government subsidy on the sustainable development of reverse logistics network are analyzed. The results show that end-of-life automobiles with more dismantled products have a greater impact on the sustainability of reverse logistics network, and government subsidies have an ideal interval to make the sustainability of reverse logistics network reach the best state. Keywords: Sustainable development; end-of-life automobiles; Reverse logistics; Site selection model; Social benefits; Multi-objective optimization Foundation projects: National Natural Science Foundation of China (71571117); Humanities and So-cial Sciences Planning Project of Ministry of Education (18YJA630143) ...

Analysis and Impact of Evidence Based Medicine in the Process of Education and Decision Making in Medical Practice

Research Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Analysis and Impact of Evidence Based Medicine in the Process of Education and Decision Making in Medical Practice 1Lana Lekic, 2Alen Lekić, 3Ervin Alibegović,4Jasna Rahimić,5Amrain Maša  1mr.ph. spec, PhD, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 2MD spec, MSc, Sanofi d.o.o., Sarajevo, BiH; 3MD, PhD, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tuzla, BiH; 4mr.ph., Mixed middle school of Chemistry, Tuzla, BiH; 5mr.ph. spec, Boehringer Ingelheim d.o.o., Sarajevo, BiH Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) is one of the modern systems of collecting, recording and using information and data related to medicine. The research was conducted in 2018 in several health institutions (health centers and hospitals) in Sarajevo Canton. The sample was made up of family doctors and other clinical specialties. The research results suggest the doctors in BiH are familiar with the concept of Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) and in their everyday work they apply relevant contemporary knowledge, national and international guidelines for the treatment and disease therapy. The most significant obstacle to more efficient management of medical information and the implementation of EBM in practice is the perception it would require additional time and incur significant cash expenditures to the doctors. In the future, doctors will increasingly be demanded to use advanced tools and modern techniques supporting them to make the most effective treatments on the basis of their own experience. Keywords: EBM - Evidence Based Medicine, EBM application in medical practice, EBM in medical institution in Sarajevo Canton ...

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM RS4919510 (C>G) IN MIRNA-608 AND BREAST CANCER IN VIETNAMESE POPULATION

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM RS4919510 (C>G) IN MIRNA-608 AND BREAST CANCER IN VIETNAMESE POPULATION Luan Huynh Huu, Thanh Nguyen Thi Ngoc, Hue Nguyen Thi Faculty of Biology - Biotechnology, University of Science –Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Breast cancer (BC) is a complex disease throughout the world and it is one of the most common cancer among women both in developed and developing countries. To enhance the survival of BC patients, genetic factors are used for early diagnosis because they are non-changed factors and present ability of cells to proliferate and metastasize. MiR-608 targets many genes which are vital for development, differentiation, motility, apoptosis and angiogenesis. The SNP rs4919510 (C/G) affects the processing of the pre-miRNA to its mature form and the ability to regulate target genes. This SNP has been demonstrated to relate to breast cancer in Chinese and Iranian population. Our study aimed to investigate the association between the SNP rs4919510 and BC in Vietnamese population. 106 cases and 101 controls were genotyped using optimized tetra-ARMs-PCR method, then statistical analysis was applied to examine the correlation of the SNP. The results show that this SNP is high polymorphism with the frequencies of minor allele C is 24.8% and major allele G is 75.2% in Vietnamese population. Statistic result revealed an obvious increased risk of BC among Vietnamese women when compared of heterozygote model and dominant model (CG vs. GG: OR=1.93, 95% CI: 1.09-3.45, p= 0.02; CC+CG vs. GG: OR=1.83, 95%CI: 1.05-3.17, p=0.03). Our study suggested that the polymorphism of rs4919510 may be associated with BC risk in Vietnamese individuals. Keywords: rs4919510, miR-608, breast cancer, polymorphism, tetra-ARMs-PCR method ...

A rare branching pattern of the celiac trunk associated with an accessory aberrant cystic duct

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports A rare branching pattern of the celiac trunk associated with an accessory aberrant cystic duct Maryna Kornieieva1 and Chase Doiron2 1PhD, MD, Anatomy, Histology, and Embryology Department AUC School of Medicine, Lowlands, Sint Maarten; 21st year student of the AUC School of Medicine, Lowlands, Sint Maarten During routine educational dissection of the upper part of the abdominal cavity in a female cadaver (67 years old, Netherlands) a unique association of two rare biliary and vascular patterns was discovered. The gastroduodenal artery originated from the celiac trunk along with the right hepatic, gastric and splenic arteries, and gave origin to the accessory right and left hepatic vessels. The right hepatic artery took the course typical for the common hepatic artery; however, as a component of the portal triad, the artery was located behind the bile duct and portal vein. Next to the hilum of the liver, it branched off the cystic artery to the gallbladder and bifurcated into two segmental hepatic branches. The described hepatic vascular pattern was associated with the presence of an accessory aberrant cystic duct connecting the body of the gallbladder with the right anterior inferior segmental bile duct. The case is reported to emphasize the importance of a detailed preoperative investigation of the patients considered for open and laparoscopic procedures on the liver and gallbladder documenting the variability of both the biliary and vascular patterns. Keywords: gastroduodenal artery, celiac trunk variability, accessory retroportal right hepatic artery, aberrant accessory cystic duct ...