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Relevance of Relationship between the Ministers and Civil Servants in India

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research Relevance of Relationship between the Ministers and Civil Servants in India Dr. Shiw Balak Prasad Professor and Former Head, University Department of Pol. Sc. B.N. Mandal University Madhepura, Bihar (India) In a cabinet form of Government relationship between Ministers and Civil Servants plays an important role for functioning of a successful government because the ministers are members of Parliament and direct elected by the people from their respective constituencies, so they always claim their supermacy. In the other hand Civil Servants are selected on the countrywide merit for a certain age on permanentbasis so they never forget their merits and permanent cadre. Therefore a major difficulty the adjustment of relations between the two are prevailed from the very beginning in India. In fact the relations between the ministers and civil servants are very delicate. But, unfortunately in India traditions have so far been developed to put them on a satisfactory and enduring basis. All the facts have discussed ahead in this context. Keywords:Administrative, Civil Servants, Constitution, Functions, Government, Laymen, Ministers, Parliament ...

Enamel Matrix Derivative with CAF: A Promising Root Coverage Therapy

Case Report of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews Enamel Matrix Derivative with CAF: A Promising Root Coverage Therapy Pritish Chandra Pal1, Debanjana Moitra2, Garima Mukhopadhyay3, 1PG student, Dept. of Periodontics, MDCRC, Indore 2BDS, Clinical Practitioner, Kolkata 3PG student, Dept. of Prosthodontics, MDCRC, Indore Gingival recession is multifactorial, including periodontal disease, faulty tooth brushing, iatrogenic factors like orthodontic movement, poor restorations and anatomical factors such as tooth malposition and frenum pull. Various techniques have been proposed for successful coverage of exposed root. In recent literature combination of EMD with a CAF has been investigated for recession coverage. This case report evaluates the usefulness of CAF + EMD as a root coverage procedure in Miller’s Class I or II gingival recession and showed successful root coverage at 6 months. Keywords: EMD, CAF, Gingival Recession, Root Coverage ...

SURGERY FIRST ORTHOGNATHIC APPROACH: AN ALTERNATE TO CONVENTIONAL ORTHOGNATHIC APPROACH

Review of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews SURGERY FIRST ORTHOGNATHIC APPROACH: AN ALTERNATIVE TO CONVENTIONAL ORTHOGNATHIC APPROACH Shiv Shankar Agarwal1, Sanjeev Datana2, NK Sahoo3, SK Bhandari4 1Dr. Shiv Shankar Agarwal, Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, Armed forces medical college, Pune, India; 2Dr. Sanjeev Datana, Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, Armed forces medical college, Pune, India; 3Dr. NK Sahoo, Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofcial Surgery, Armed forces medical college, Pune, India;4Dr. SK Bhandari, Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofcial Surgery, Armed forces medical college, Pune, India The Conventional Orthognathic Approach (COA) for correction of skeletal malocclusion in adult patients consist of a variable length of pre-surgical orthodontic preparation accomplishing a majority of orthodontic tooth movements to reveal the true skeletal discrepancy and obtain a precise and stable occlusion post-surgically. This is followed by orthognathic surgery. Minor tooth movements like settling of occlusion are carried out during post-surgical orthodontics. This lead to development of a new approach for ortho-surgical correction; Surgery First Orthognathic Approach popularly known as SFOA in which aesthetics is restored first (by immediate surgery and eliminating the phase of pre-surgical orthodontics) followed by occlusal corrections by routine orthodontic treatment utilising Regional Acceleratory Phenomenon (RAP). This review paper highlights various aspects of SFOA to augment our existing understanding in this aspect of ortho-surgical correction. Keywords: SURGERY FIRST ORTHOGNATHIC APPROACH, CONVENTIONAL ORTHOGNATHIC APPROACH ...

Efficacy Evaluation of Staff Training Course: A case study in Islamic Banking

Research Article of Global journal of Economics and Business Administration Efficacy Evaluation of Staff Training Course: A case study in Islamic Banking Fazal Ali Shaikh Department of Economics, University of Sindh There are many kinds of training in institutions. But one of them the latest and most eminent train pattern intended to appraise efficacy operating workforce teaching be Kirkpatrick model. , the efficacy of the worker’s teaching path investigated Islamic banking. The feedback form composed of five constituents that take in: acquisition, the reaction of attitude, consequences moreover the novelty within the position of confounding factors are dispensed. It is showed in an investigation that some elements are such as (reaction, actions as well as creations) are having momentous end products going on the tradition efficiency on the way to Kirkpatrick model. As well as two factors (education as well as product for path) are no more a trivial consequence. Keywords:Islamic banking; efficacy evaluation; kirkpatrick; Efficacy ...

Causality of Unemployment and Macroeconomics

Research Article of Global journal of Economics and Business Administration Causality of Unemployment and Macroeconomics Endashaw Sisay Lecturer, Department of Economics, Mizan Tepi University In order to test the wellbeing and development of a given nation economy, unemployment level is a primary macroeconomic pointer. It is considered as forgone output which denies the fundamental assets of government that required creating the economy. Thus, the objective of the study was to investigate the long-run and short-run causality between unemployment and macroeconomic variables. Resulting to utilizing the Augmented Dickey-Fuller to test for unit root this investigation utilized Auto Regressive Distributed Lag limits testing approach and Vector Error Correction Model granger causality test to inspect the time arrangement information over the time of 1984/85-2018/19. Relapse result recommends that since quite a while ago run causation running from joblessness to the recorded macroeconomic factors. In the short run there is significant granger causality from foreign direct investment and inflation rate to unemployment rate. Moreover, from unemployment to real gross domestic product and external debt in the short run. Finally, the study suggests the government should increase the level of aggregate supply, create conducive environment that entice more foreign direct investment and borrow only for productive purpose to form more business and assimilate an expensive pool of unemployment populace. Keywords: ARDL model, Granger Causality, Vector Error Correction Model, Unemployment ...

THE IMPACT OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

Review Article of Global journal of Economics and Business Administration THE IMPACT OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA Dahiru Musa, Timothy Gwami Ishaya, Sadiya A. G. Aliyu & Akyenyi Emmanule Mathew Department of Accounting and Finance, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University The study investigated the impact of federal government expenditure on the Nigerian economic development. The main objective of the study was to ascertain whether there is a relationship between federal government expenditure and economic development in Nigeria. The study adopted Least Square estimation technique to evaluate the model specified using time series from 2010-2018. Real Gross Domestic Product was used as the dependent variable while federal government capital and recurrent expenditures were used as the independent variables. The result from the regression analysis shows that federal government capital and recurrent expenditures have a positive effect on real GDP. The data used in the analysis were gotten from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin. The study recommended that federal government should direct more of its recurrent expenditure towards economic and community services as they accelerate economic development. The study also recommended proper management of public funds allocated to the agricultural sector and manufacturing industries as they have the potential of raising the nation’s production capacity and providing employment for citizens in the country. Keywords: Recurrent Expenditure, Capital Expenditure, Gross Domestic product, Economic development, impact ...