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Perspective of Teachers on the Influence of Textbook Ratio on Quality Academic Achievement among Girls in Secondary Education in Kisumu County

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Perspective of Teachers on the Influence of Textbook Ratio on Quality Academic Achievement among Girls in Secondary Education in Kisumu County Josephine Adhiambo Agunda, Henry Onderi, Jack Ajowi Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University Of Science And Technology A number of studies both quantitative and qualitative have attempted to find out causes of challenges of low achievement in mathematics among girls. There was therefore need to conduct a study to establish the influence of textbook ratio as an independent variable on academic achievement in mathematics among girls at form four level in secondary schools in Kisumu County. Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education examination results of girls who sat for the examinations between 2010 and 2014 constituted the dependent variable. The objective of the study was to establish the influence of textbook ratio on girls’ academic achievement in mathematics at secondary level. Correlation research design was applied to examine the degree of influence between the independent and dependent variable using statistical data. The study was conducted in Kisumu County Kenya. The target population of the study consisted of 142 public secondary schools which presented female candidates for KCSE between 2010 and 2014, 142 Principals, 142 Heads of mathematics department and 390 mathematics teachers who taught the girls under study. Stratified random sampling was applied whereby schools were categorized as girls’ secondary schools and mixed secondary schools. Purposive sampling was done to select all the 18 girls’ secondary schools in Kisumu County while random Sampling was used to select 38 out of 124 mixed secondary schools in Kisumu County. The sample constituted 39% of the study population. Data was collected using questionnaires, interviews and document analysis guide. Instruments of data collection were validated by the researcher’s supervisors and reliability of the instrument was established through ...

Cardiovascular Disease Associated with the Chronic Use of Ergotamine: A Case Report

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Cardiovascular Disease Associated with the Chronic Use of Ergotamine: A Case Report Vesga C 1* Sotomayor JA2 , Giraldo-González GC3 1Department of Cardiology, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cra 98 #18-49, Cali, Colombia. Universidad Icesi, Health Sciences Faculty, Calle 18 No. 122-135, Cali, Colombia. 2Internal Medicine Resident, Universidad Icesi, Health Sciences Faculty, Calle 18 No. 122-135, Cali, Colombia. 3Cardiology fellow, Universidad Icesi, Health Sciences Faculty, Calle 18 No. 122-135, Cali, Colombia. Ergotamine and its derivatives were used for multiple diseases; in the nineties, its use in association with caffeine was considered a standard treatment for migraines, although it has been in decline, due to the evidenced toxic effects related to its chronic use including vascular, cardiovascular and central nervous system manifestations. In this article is reported a case of a 59-year-old female with chronic use of caffeine plus ergotamine for more than 20 years; afterwards she develops peripheral artery disease, severe mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation with requirement of valve replacement. In the absence of past cardiovascular history and rheumatic fever, its clinical evolution and pathology results are associated with ergotism. Conflicts of interests: The authors have no conflicts of interests to declare. Acknowledgement: to the Clinical Research Center of Fundación Valle del Lili for their support. Keywords: Ergotamine, caffeine, ergotamine drug combination, valvular disease, cardiovascular disease ...

Why Some Natural Areas Are Sacred? Lesson From Guji Oromo In Southern Ethiopia

Review Article of Global Journal of Arts and Humanities Why Some Natural Areas Are Sacred? Lesson From Guji Oromo In Southern Ethiopia Gemeda Odo Roba Current researches show that there are considerable sacred natural sites among Gujii Oromoo of southern Ethiopia. Nevertheless, the significant weight was not given to explore why some natural areas are sacred while others are profane. Hence, this article aims at addressing this question by exploring the traditional bases for classification of sacred and non-scared/profane land among Gujii Oromo in Adoola Reedde and Annaa Sorraa districts in Gujii Zone. Concerning methodological approach, methods of data gathering employed were in-depth and key informants’ interviews, transect walk and focus group discussions. The analysis of data was carried out through qualitative description and explanatory approach. The findings of the study demonstrate that dedication of some natural places to rituals of Gada system and adoring of waaqa in the area, are identified as the traditional grounds for sacredness of some natural sites. In addition, the symbolic connection of topographical features and agro-climatic condition with Guji cultural practices, on one hand and myths entrenched in the people’s tradition on the other are basic grounds for the classification of sacred areas from profane. Generally, some natural sites are sacred in the study area, not because of land’s unique feature or other aspects, but because of dedication to rituals in Gada system and worship of waaqa, symbolic implication of the area to Guji culture and related traditionally deep ingrained myths handed down from preceding generation. Keywords: Natural area, sacred, Guji, southern Ethiopia ...

Selection of Angiogenic Markers that Predict the Transition from Bisphosphonate Exposure to MRONJ in a Rat Model

Research Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews Selection of Angiogenic Markers that Predict the Transition from Bisphosphonate Exposure to MRONJ in a Rat Model Sonoko Nakasato1, Joshua Sanchez1, Katherine Chapman1, Michael Benichou1, Sadanand Fulzele2, Jeffrey A. Elo1, Shirley Y. Kang1, Carlos Guerra1, James L. Borke1 1College of Dental Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California, UNITED STATES; 2Orthopedic Surgery, Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia, UNITED STATES Medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a disorder characterized by loss of blood supply to the jaws and death to the bone. In our previous work, we created a rat model of MRONJ by two injections of 60ug/Kg zoledronic acid (a powerful bisphosphonate abbreviated as ZA) via tail vein followed by extraction of a single first molar. We have shown in this model (ZA-treated rats plus molar extraction) a decrease in the vasculature of the jaws and a delay in bone healing beyond 4 weeks. Purpose: The current study identified angiogenic factors from the jaws of our MRONJ model where expression was altered independent of exposure to ZA alone. Methods: Using RT-PCR arrays containing 84 different gene sequences related to angiogenesis, we screened RNA isolated from the jaws of Control, ZA-treated rats, and our MRONJ rat model (ZA-treated plus first molar extraction), 3 and 6 weeks after extraction. Heat maps of gene expression were analyzed to identify genes where expression was either maximal or lost in MRONJ rats relative to ZA-treated rats without extraction. Results: Our study demonstrates the loss or gain of expression for 22 genes in the MRONJ rat model relative to rats treated with ZA alone. In MRONJ rats, the loss of expression was seen for 10 genes after 3 weeks and 3 additional genes (13 total) after 6 weeks where maximal expression was seen in rats ...

Eve and Evil. Hypnoanalysis of Demonic Possession. A Case-Study.

Case report of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Eve & Evil. Hypnoanalysis of Demonic Possession. A Case-Study. József P. Vas MD H-+527. Soltész Nagy Kálmán u. 1. 1/5, Miskolc, Hungary. A woman, named Eve, has been possessed by Evil. She is continuously tortured by host of visions and cursed by demonic voices. She has a miscarriage and commits suicide several times. The therapist builds up a Jungian type of hypnotherapy and hypnoanalysis based upon Eve’s fairy tale experiences come from her childhood. The patient’s absolute good and evil self- and object representations develop in a mutual relationship each other in the form of miscellaneous symbols. Finally, a prolonged struggle of good and bad symbols arrives at a neutral point of rest. Since the therapist is not afraid of Eve’s experiences he wants to take part in them, which leads to a mutual experience of tandem hypnosis shared by both the patient and the therapist. Facing together with Evil the therapist becomes as a devil in a symbolic way while the devil is made gentle as an uncle of Eve’s life. Finally, the patient’s psychosis is healed. Keywords: demonic possession, hypnotherapy, hypnoanalysis, good and evil symbols, tandem hypnosis ...

Paraparesis following commencement of Anti Tuberculosis drugs for latent Tuberculosis. Case report and review of literature

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Paraparesis following commencement of Anti Tuberculosis drugs for latent Tuberculosis. Case report and review of literature Danish Waqar1 and Mohamed A Yassin2 1.Department of Medical Education, Hamad Medical Corporation 2.Deaprtment of Medical Oncology NCCCR,Hamad Medical Corporation A 43 year old female Patient, with recently diagnosed latent Tuberculosis (TB), started On anti - TB drugs (Isoniazid, Rifampicin), came with symptoms of Motor and sensory polyneuropathy only 4 weeks after starting the drugs. Extensive investigations were pursued. Nerve conduction study showed Features of Guillain - Barre syndrome (GBS). After stopping the Anti TB medications, patient symptoms Improved. This gives us an idea that Anti TB medications can itself trigger GBS. The Association of TB and GBS will be reviewed in Literature as well as the differentials and management. Keywords: Paraparesis, Anti Tuberculosis drugs, latent Tuberculosis, Case report ...