Spartial Distribution of Phytochemical and Antifungal Evaluation of Six Medicinal Plants in South-West, Nigeria
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Antifungal evaluation, Plant extracts, Phytochemicals, Nigerian medicinal plants, Botanical description, Constituuents，Euphorbia hirta, Ficus asperifolia, Momordica charantia, Nicotiana tabacum and Spondias mombin .
Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Fracture Rehabilitation in Ayurveda Rajeshwari PN, Arya S Menon, Soumya MS, Rabinarayan Tripathy, Shaithya Raj Dept. of Shalya Tantra (Surgery), Amrita School of Ayurveda, Amritapuri, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, India. Rehabilitation of fracture is the act of restoring an injured part to its former state through proper therapy and training,so as to improve the quality of life. After proper union of fracture, it is desirable that the joints regain normal functions and shape, which is why rehabilitation is an inevitable treatment principle in fracture management 1. Acharya Sushruta, the pioneer in surgery, holds novelty in devising rehabilitative techniques for fracture management. These principles when properly implemented can effectively heal the post fracture complications like pain, restricted mobility and joint stiffness 2. An attempt has been made to explore the concept of rehabilitation in Ayurveda in light of conventional modalities. Keywords: Rehabilitation, Bhagna Chikitsa, Post Fracture Complications ...
Rehabilitation, Bhagna Chikitsa, Post Fracture Complications
Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Lotus Leaves an Alternate Wound Dressing Material in Chronic Non-Healing Venous Ulcers Dr. Rajeshwari P. N1, Dr. Sreejith S. J2, Dr. Sharath S.G3 1Associate Professor, Dept of Shalya Tantra (Surgery), Amrita School of Ayurveda, Amritapuri, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham,India; 2P.G Scholar, Dept of Shalya Tantra (Surgery), Amrita School of Ayurveda, Amritapuri, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham,India; 3Associate Professor, Dept of Rachana Shareeram (Anatomy) Amrita School of Ayurveda, Amritapuri, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham,India It is a case report of 48-year-old male patient of chronic non-healing Venous ulcer. Five ulcers were found on inspection on medial aspect of left foot. Symptoms started as slight discoloration, before 30 years. As days progressed even a small scratch leads to ulcer formation. He managed the condition by taking allopathic medicine and got a satisfactory result. But the discoloration persisted, and the ulcers reoccurred with severe burning sensation and itching. Again, he took homeopathic medication and got symptomatic relief. Due to the recurrence of ulcers, Ayurvedic treatment was started on In-Patient basis followed by both external and internal medications. Externally, patient was treated by Patradaana(a type of wound healing treatment using leaves) with Jathyadi kera tailam (oil Preparation) and internally by Syp. Cardorium plus (Herbal formulation), Sahacharadi Kashaya (Medicated Decoction) and Triphala guggulu (Tablet). Sterile Lotus leaves smeared with Jathyadi kera taila were used for covering the ulcer site and the bandage was retained for 12hrs. Later the ulcer sites were covered with a gauze to avoid exposing to the uncleanness, until the next bandage. The procedure is continued for 8days. Sahacharadi Kashaya (Medicated Decoction) and Triphala guggulu (Tablet) were advice for a period of 3weeks and Syrup. Cardorium plus (Herbal formulation) was continued for 2months. This was an attempt to bring the concepts mentioned in Ayurveda classics for Vrana treatment ...
Venous Ulcer, Patradaana(a type of wound healing treatment using leaves), Cardorium plus (Herbal formulation)
Characterization of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates using oxacillin-cefoxitin disk diffusion test (OCDDT)
Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Characterization of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates using oxacillin-cefoxitin disk diffusion test (OCDDT) Chika Ejikeugwu1*, Chiwendu E. Okike1, Chijioke Edeh1, Felix Nwezeagu1, Malachy Ugwu2 1Department of Applied Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Ebonyi State University, P.M.B. 053, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria; 2Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria Introduction: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) still remains an important nosocomial and community-acquired pathogen because of its multidrug resistant nature which gives them the innate/acquired ability to evade the onslaught of antibiotics. MRSA infection now occurs globally; and it is important to be on the lookout for these resistant pathogens in clinical samples in order to effectively guide therapy for patients. Objective: This study was aimed at evaluating the frequency of MRSA strains from urine samples of out-going patients in a tertiary hospital using oxacillin-cefoxitin disk diffusion test (OCDDT). Materials and methods: In this study, a total of thirty nine (39) non-duplicate isolates of S. aureus from urine samples of out-going patients who attended a tertiary hospital in Abakaliki, Nigeria for medical attention was bacteriologically investigated for methicillin resistance. All the S. aureus isolates was re-characterized using standard microbiology techniques. The modified Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion technique was used to evaluate the antibiogram of the S. aureus clinical isolates while MRSA positive isolates was phenotypically confirmed using the oxacillin-cefoxitin disk diffusion technique (OCDDT). Multiple antibiotic resistance index (MARI) was used to calculate the multidrug resistant nature of the MRSA positive S. aureus isolates. Results: Our result shows that the S. aureus isolates showed varying rates of susceptibility and resistance to the tested antibiotics which are usually used in hospitals for treating infections caused by the organism. The S. aureus isolates was highly resistant or intermediately ...
MRSA, Staphylococcus aureus, Antimicrobial Resistance, Gram positive bacteria, Nigeria
Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Ovarian Mucinous Cystadenoma Complicating Pregnancy- A Case Report Padmini Kumari and Mala Sinha Gynae and Obs, Mahavir Cancer Sansthan Diagnosis of ovarian tumor during pregnancy presents a management dilemma. We herein report a case of huge ovarian cyst adenoma complicating pregnancy in a 25 years old gravida 3, previous two caesarian, presenting at 13 wks. pregnancy. She was referred from periphery for uterine size more than the period of gestation and ultrasound (USG) showing 25x12 cm ovarian cyst. USG was inconclusive of benign or borderline ovarian tumor. Neoadjuvent chemotherapy followed by cytoreductive surgery was planned. USG guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) was done before starting chemotherapy which suggested benign etiology. Management plan was changed to continuation of pregnancy and conservative surgery at 20 wks of pregnancy. Planned exploratory laparotomy with left sided salpingoophorectomy was done under general anesthesia at 22 wks. of gestation. Post-operative period was uneventful. Patient was delivered by LSCS at 38 wks. of gestation. Keywords: ovarian cyst, pregnancy, management ...
ovarian cyst, pregnancy, management.
Anomalous Right Coronary Artery with LV Non-compaction having Malignant Course, A Rare but Lethal Combination
Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Anomalous Right Coronary Artery with LV Non-compaction having Malignant Course, A Rare but Lethal Combination Ahmad Hasan1, Fahar Adnan2, Shahzad Shoukat1, Umer Aftab1, Muhammad Waqas1, Muhammad Iqbal1 1Allama Iqbal Medical College/Jinnah Hospital, (Allama Shabbir Usmani road, Faisal town) Lahore, Pakistan. 2Senior Registrar Department of Cardiology, multan Institute of Cardiology, Multan Anomalous Right coronary Artery origin from contralateral sinus is a rare but lethal variant that may mimic like acute coronary syndrome and is a potential cause of sudden cardiac death. This needs early diagnosis with prompt treatment which may be conservative or interventional depending upon the clinical presentation, exact anatomy and route of the vessel. Here we present a unique case of combination of anomalous right coronary artery origin from opposite sinus causing ischemia, with LV non-compaction ending in non-hemorrhagic stroke. Keywords: Anomalous coronary artery, inter-arterial course, computed angiography ...
Anomalous coronary artery, inter-arterial course, computed angiography.