Research Journal of Emergency Medicine

Dengue Protection and Cure: Bangladesh Perspective

Review Article of Research Journal of Emergency Medicine Dengue Protection and Cure: Bangladesh Perspective AK Mohiuddin World University, Plot: 5 - 8, Avenue 6 & Lake Drive Road, Sector: 17/H, Uttara, Dhaka - 1230, Bangladesh Up to 50-100 million infections are now estimated to occur annually in over 100 endemic countries, putting almost half of the world’s population at risk. Bangladesh is one of the countries that are affected by dengue viruses. Dengue is a viral infection caused by four types of viruses (DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, DENV-4) belonging to the Flaviviridae family. These mosquitoes thrive in areas with standing water, including puddles, water tanks, containers and old tires. Lack of reliable sanitation and regular garbage collection also contribute to the spread of the mosquitoes. The disease has probably been known since the Chinese described it in 420 AD. Outbreaks are increasing although there is no human-to-human transfer, only mosquito-to-human viral transfer. Africans described “ka dinga pepo” as cramp-like seizure caused by an evil spirit. The Spanish may have changed “dinga” to dengue since it means fastidious or careful in Spanish, which describes the gait of people trying to reduce the pain of walking. With the number of patients rising, hospitals outside Dhaka are facing huge challenges to cope with the pressure, mostly due to lack of diagnosis chemicals, kits and other medical support. Keywords: Dengue protection; topical essential oils; misconceptions with Dengue; Dengue vaccines; mosquito repellents; neem oil ...

Clinical Aspects and Direct Micological Examination in the Presuptive Diagnosis of Surface Micoses in Patients of the Intensive Care Unit of Hospital University of Petrolina-PE

Research Article of Research Journal of Emergency Medicine Clinical Aspects and Direct Micological Examination in the Presuptive Diagnosis of Surface Micoses in Patients of the Intensive Care Unit of Hospital University of Petrolina-PE Souza, R.L.S1; Albuquerque, L.A2; Santos, C.R.N3; Moraes, M.C.G4; Silva, L.E.S5; Magalhães, K.L6 1,2,3,4,5 Discentes do Curso de Bacharelado em Enfermagem pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – Centro Acadêmico de Vitória (UFPE-CAV); 6Docente do curso de Enfermagem na Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco – UNIVASF, Petrolina-PE. Introduction:Fungal infections have become more frequent in recent years, and are more prevalent in patients with underlying diseases that compromise the immune system and predispose to other risk factors, such as invasive devices and the use of antibacterials. The etiological agents of these mycoses are dermatophyte filamentous fungi, non-dermatophyte filamentous fungi (FFND) and yeasts. Objectives: To demonstrate the importance of observing the clinical aspects of lesions suggestive of mycosis, as well as the direct mycological examination in the presumptive diagnosis of superficial mycoses in patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Hospital University (HU) located in Petrolina- PE. Methods: Patients who were admitted to the UHU from March to May 2016, after ethical procedures, were analyzed for suspicion of superficial mycoses and the respective clinical samples were collected and processed for direct examination through clarification with 30% potassium hydroxide (KOH). Results and Discussion: The mean age of the patients was 39.4, ranging from 24 to 68 years and an average length of hospital stay of 15.1 days. None of the patients were on antifungal use. Of 23 patients, 10 presented lesions characteristic of nail mycoses, 4 presented lesions characteristic of tinea corporis. Of the 10 nail mycosis suspicions, 4 cases were confirmed. The toenails went to the most affected areas. The use of closed shoes and even vascular impairment in ...

The Alternative Communication With Critical Elderly Patients Hospitalized: Staff-patient-family Relationship

Review Article of Research Journal of Emergency Medicine The Alternative Communication With Critical Elderly Patients Hospitalized: Staff-patient-family Relationship Silva I.C.F1, Veras A.R.A.L2, Porto C.R3, Camilo F.S1, Cordeiro L.G.F4, Neves M.I.S4 1Fonoaudióloga graduada pelo UNIPÊ - Centro Universitário de João Pessoa-PB; 2Fonoaudióloga, Mestre e Docente do Curso de Fonoaudiologia da Faculdade São Miguel – PE; 3Fonoaudióloga Pediátrica Clínica e Educacional; 4Discente do Curso de Fonoaudiologia do UNIPÊ - Centro Universitário de João Pessoa-PB. Introduction:The Extended Alternative Communication ¬ (EAC) brings together other forms of communication, as well as oral language, such as use of gestures, sign language, facial expressions, use of alphabet boards or pictographic symbols, to the use of more sophisticated systems such as recorded or synthesized voice communicators and computers. The causes that make communication of elderly patients impossible through speech are the most diverse. This difficulty in oral language expression can compromise the relationship between the patient and the staff such as the patient and its family, resulting in frustrated, nervous, anxious, agitated and depressed patients. Objetives: Report the Alternative Extended Communication method and their contributions to the process of internalization of elderly patients unable to communicate through speech. Methodology: For this study, the database Pub Med was consulted such as selected review articles from the entrance of the terms: extended alternative communication, speech therapy, critical elderly patients. Results and Discussion: It was found that, patients admitted to the ICU experience a big potential traumatic experience and many develop serious emotional problems. These experiences come with a psychological suffering and which has a harmful effect on the overall rehabilitation of the patient. EAC is a clinical and educational practice where the speech therapist tries to compensate and to facilitate for losses and disabilities of the individuals with severe disturbances of expressive communication and / or comprehension disorders. It ...

Health and Spirituality: a Humanization Proposal for Care

Research Article of Research Journal of Emergency Medicine Health and Spirituality: a Humanization Proposal for Care Machado T.G.O1, Miranda T.B2, Neves A.P.S.M3, Morais E.S4, Carvalho S.M5, Vieira J.M.F6 1Psychologist of the Maternity School Januário Cicco; 2Occupational Therapistof the Maternity School Januário Cicco; 3Talk Professional of the Maternity School Januário Cicco; 4,5Physiotherapist of the Maternity School Januário Cicco; 6Nursing Technique of the Maternity School Januário Cicco Introduction: Research on the relationship between spirituality and health seeks to understand how religious beliefs and behaviors relate to or interfere with health. Spirituality as a coping strategy promotes meaning and ordering of life and suffering. Religious activity is an effective element, both to help maintain healthy stress and to improve the quality of life. The exercise of faith and the practice of religiosity are strategies, often used by mothers of hospitalized babies, as a way of dealing with a long period of hospitalization and feelings of guilt, anger, anxiety, fear, sadness and impotence. Objectives: Looking for new ways of thinking about the practice of caring for humanization, in a more integrated vision of the human being, group activities were carried out aiming at the expression and elaboration of feelings with the objective of stimulating faith and spirituality as a strategy of enfretamento in the hospital context. Methodology: Weekly conversation with mothers, caregivers and relatives of infants admitted to the Neonatal ICU and the Kangaroo Intermediate Care Unit were conducted. We used dynamics, musicality, reading of texts for reflection and prayer. Results: From January 2015 to October 2017, 125 wheels took place, in which topics such as peace, friendship, trust, joy, gratitude, fear, hope, forgiveness and perseverance were addressed. The talk wheels were attended by several professionals, including psychologists, physiotherapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists, nursing staff and hygienists. On average, five professionals and 15 mothers ...

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1.Machado T.G.O, Miranda T.B, Neves A.P.S.M, Morais E.S, Carvalho S.M, Vieira J.M.F.Health and Spirituality: a Humanization Proposal for Care.Research Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2018, 1:3 
2.Souza, R.L.S; Albuquerque, L.A; Santos, C.R.N; Moraes, M.C.G; Silva, L.E.S; Magalhães, K.L. Clinical Aspects and Direct Micological Examination in the Presuptive Diagnosis of Surface Micoses in Patients of the Intensive Care Unit of Hospital University of Petrolina-PE.Research Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2018, 1:5

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Research Journal of Emergency Medicine