Research Article of Research Journal of Emergency Medicine
THE ROLE OF THE PSYCHOLOGIST BEFORE PATIENT PAIN IN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
Ana Paula Pedrosa, Cybelle Cavalcanti Accioly, Eliane Nóbrega Albuquerque, Juliana Porto Behar, Mônica de Oliveira Osório
Introduction: The Intensive Care Unit is a hospital location permeated by not very positive associations, with the multidisciplinary team having to deal with the pain, fears and anxiety of their patients daily and the demands of their families for comprehensive care and less suffering for the patient. Pain is a reaction of the patient with biopsychosocial factors involved. The team does not always act successfully in the face of the patient’s pain, using the psychologist as a mediator of this situation.
Objective: to reflect on the role of the psychologist in the face of the patient’s pain in the Intensive Care Unit.
Methodology: experience report. Results and discussion: In the intensive care unit, the patient is distant from his family members, without clothes, with monitoring of different equipment and people, with invasive care, which can be felt as threatening his integrity. Pain is an unpleasant sensory experience that may be associated with tissue damage or not. It is a difficult phenomenon to be measured, since it can be an emotional pain, activated by psychological components or not. Each person has a different intensity, manifestation and reaction to pain. There are pain scales that can be used as a strategy to adapt the best intervention in different contexts of illness. The psychologist in this unit acts focused on the patient, his family and team, because everyone involved may be interfering in the recovery process and in the experience of pain and in its coping. In this triad, attentive, neutral listening should be offered to provide psychological support and to facilitate the mediation of these relationships.
Conclusion: This study points to the need to study more about the pain process in the ICU context, the role of the psychologist and the importance of humanization in this context.
Keywords: PSYCHOLOGIST, PATIENT PAIN, INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
How to cite this article:
Ana Paula Pedrosa, Cybelle Cavalcanti Accioly, Eliane Nóbrega Albuquerque, Juliana Porto Behar, Mônica de Oliveira Osório.THE ROLE OF THE PSYCHOLOGIST BEFORE PATIENT PAIN IN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT .Research Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2020, 3:10.