Research Article of Research Journal of Emergency Medicine
HOSPITAL MORTALITY, IN URGENCY CHARACTER, DUE TO EXTERNAL CAUSES IN BRAZIL
Ariele Alves de Jesus Santos1*, Ana Claudia de Souza Caldas1, Ianca Gomes Souza1, Jaqueline Novaes Amaral1, Vitoria Dias Santana1, Uanderson Silva Pirôpo2.
1Graduanda do Curso de Fisioterapia na Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia. Jequié, Bahia, Brasil.
2Fisioterapeuta pela Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia-UESB Mestre em Ciências da Saúde pelo programa de Pós graduação em Enfermagem e Saúde- PPGES- UESB
Objective: To analyze hospital mortality, in urgency character, due to external causes in Brazil.
Methods: This is a transversal, descriptive and quantitative study performed with secondary data from the Sistema de Informação Hospitalar do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS). For data selection, external cause mortality from 2009 to 2019 was used, considering “urgency” as attendance character in the age range from 20 to 80 years or older. Besides, the variables sex, causes and regions were analyzed. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated using Microsoft Excel® 2016 software.
Results: It is observed that 67.60% (n=214,711) of deaths were due to external causes in urgency character attendance, since 71.03% (n= 150,123) were male and 28.97% (n= 64,588), female. The main deaths causes were: other external causes of accidental injuries 68.30% (n= 120,306), traffic acidentes, with 21.55% (n= 37,967) and aggressions, 10.15% (n= 17,879). As for the distribution of percentages between regions, the Southeast presented 44, 41% (n= 95,360), followed by Northeast region, with 25,00% (n= 53694); South, 16,93% (n= 36,352); Midwest, 7,12% (n= 15,294) and North, 6,52% (=14011).
Conclusion: The prevalence of mortality from major external causes in urgency character presented a higher quantitative in males aged 20 to 80 years or older, and, among regions, Southeast, Northeast and South obtained a higher percentage of mortality compared to North and Midwest. Such knowledge allows the construction of possible public policies to reduce high hospital mortality rates.
Keywords: Mortality. Emergency Relief. Brazil.
How to cite this article:
Ariele Alves de Jesus Santos, Ana Claudia de Souza Caldas, Ianca Gomes Souza, Jaqueline Novaes Amaral, Vitoria Dias Santana, Uanderson Silva Pirôpo.HOSPITAL MORTALITY, IN URGENCY CHARACTER, DUE TO EXTERNAL CAUSES IN BRAZIL .Research Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2021, 4:11.
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