Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research
Factors Affecting Sustainability Of Melon (Egusi) Production In Rural Farming Households Of Southwest, Nigeria
Oyediran, W. O.1, Omoare, A. M.2 and Ajagbe, B. O.3
1Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria.
2Department of Agricultural Science Education, Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
3Department of Primary Education Studies, Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
Melon crop plays important roles in the farming system and in the nutritional diet and economic well-being of West African rural dwellers. However, there has been continuous decline in the melon yield in last two decades. Also, cultivation of melon is not without challenges like every other arable crop in southwest Nigeria. Hence, this paper focused on factors affecting melon (egusi) production in rural farming households of southwest, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used in selecting 108 respondents from twenty villages in three LGAs of Oyo State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected using interview guide and analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. Results showed that 80.10% of melon farmers were males and 87.04% were married with a mean age of 41 years. Many (47.20%) of the melon farmers did not have formal education while 36.10% attended primary school. The mean year of farming experiences was 16 years. The farmers cultivated melon seeds obtained from their previous harvest (81.0%) and purchase seeds from the open markets (19.0%). Melon output declined from 376.53kg/ha in 2012 to 280.70kg/ha in 2014. Result of regression analysis showed that production input and socio-economic characteristics of the respondents (t = 0.19) have significant influence on melon output at p < 0.05. The study concludes that melon yield is declining in the study area. Hence, it is recommends that extension agents should teach the melon farmers improved farming practices that can enhance higher productivity and better yield for sustainable melon production to be achieved in the study area.
Keywords: factors, sustainability, farming, melon, rural households, production
How to cite this article:
Oyediran, W. O., Omoare, A. M.and Ajagbe, B. O. Factors Affecting Sustainability Of Melon (Egusi) Production In Rural Farming Households Of Southwest, Nigeria. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2016,1(1): 0001-0012. DOI: 10.28933/ajar-08-1002
1. Achigan-Dako, G. E., Fagbemissi, R., Ahanchade, A., and Avohou, H. T. (2006). Agronomic evaluation of three Egusi species (cucurbitaceae) used as food in Benin and development of a predictive model performance. Biotechnology agron. Soc. Environ, 10 (2) 121-129.
2. Achigan-Dako, G. E., Vodouche, S. R., and Sangare, A. (2008). Morphological characterization of local cultivars of Lagenarie siceraria (Cucurbitaceae) collected in Benin and Togo. Belgium J. Bot., 141 (1), 21-38.
3. AfricaFertilizerSummit,(2006).http://www.africangreenrevolution.com/en/green_revolution/africas_predicament/fertilizersummit/index.html. Retrieved on 23rd April, 2011.
4. Akinwumi, A. ( 2012). Press briefing on Agricultural reform. In: Owuje Harry, Tackling food insecurity . The Tide Newspaper. www.thetidenewsonline.com. Monday, Feb. 06, 2012.
5. Ayoola, G. B. and Oboh, V. U. (2000). A model of public expenditure to reveal the preference for agriculture in the budget. Journal of Rural Economic Development,14(1): 56 –73.
6. Bisognin, D. A. (2002). Origin and evolution of cultivated cucurbits. Ciêcia Rural 32: 715-723
7. Central Bank of Nigeria, (2000). Annual Report and Statement of Account for the year ended 1999.
8. Dauda, O. (2010). Problems confronting rural farmers. Published 26/02/2010 www.thenationonline.ng. Retrieved Jan. 23, 2012.
9. David, R. (1974). Tolerance and intolerance of ambiguity in Northern Thai myth and ritual. Ethnology 8:1-23.
10. de Mello, M. L. S., Bora, P. S. and Narain, N. (2001). Fatty and amino acids composition of melon seeds (Cucumis melo var. saccharinus). Journal of Food Component Analysis 14: 69-74.
11. Durojaye, B. (2012). Herdsmen attack Oyo communities. The Nation Newspaper online of 14th May, 2012. www.thenationonlineng.net.
12. Enete, A. A., Nweke, F. I., and Tollens, E. (2005). Hired labour use decisions in cassava-producing households of sub-Saharan Africa. Agricultural Economics: 33, pp. 269-275.
13. Fondule, E. Y., Eneji, A. E., Agboola, A. A., Yamamoto, S. and Honna, T. (2001). An assessment of some fertilizer recommendations under different Cropping Systems in Humid Tropical environment. Tropicultura 19 (1): 21-27.
14. Food and Agriculture Organisation Statistics, (2011). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Production Statistics Webpage. http//apps.fao.org/page/ collections? Subset= agriculture. Retrieved on November 8th, 2011.
15. Food and Agriculture Organisation, (2005). Increasing Fertilizer Use and Farmer Access in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Literature Review. Rome: Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO).
16. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, (2007). Summary for policymakers In: Climate Change. The physical Science Basis Contribution of Working Group 1 to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Solomon, S. D., Qin, M., Manning, Z., Chen, M., Marquis, K., B. Avery, M. Tignor, and H. L. Miller (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, USA.
17. International Fund for Agricultural Development, (2001). Rural poverty report 2002. Rome, IFAD.
18. International Fund for Agricultural Development, (2010). Rural poverty report 2011. Rome, IFAD.
19. Lawal-Adebowale, O. A. and Oyegbami, B. (2004). Determinants of Seasonal Arable Crop Production among Selected Farmers in Ogun State. Moor Journal of Agricultural Research. 5 (1): 49-58.
20. National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), (2012). Poverty Profile for Nigeria 2011. In: Nigeria Poverty level rises. Nigeria Tribune February 14, 2012. www.nigeriatribuneonline.ng. Retrieved Feb. 14th, 2012.
21. Nwajiuba, C. and Onyeneke, R. (2010). Effects of climate on the agriculture of sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons from Southeast Rainforest Zone of Nigeria.
22. Odebode, S. O. (2007). Gender Participation of Melon Farmers in Ibarapa Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Agricultural journal 2 (1): 108-111, 2007. © Medwell Journals, 2007.
23. Okumadewa, F. (2003). Risk and Vulnerability in Agriculture: Concept and Context. Staff seminar paper in the Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, December 5th, 2003.
24. Oladoja, M. A., Adisa, B. O. and Ahmed-Akinola, A. A. (2006). Effectiveness of communication methods used in information delivery to cocoa farmers in Oluyole Local Government of Oyo State. The Ogun Journal of Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 4, pp 78-88.
25. Onoja, A. O. and Achike, A. I. (2008). Technical Efficiency of Rice Production under Small-Scale Farmer-Managed Irrigation Schemes (FMIS) and Rainfed Systems in Kogi State, Nigeria: Edited Conference Proceedings of the 10th Annual National Conference of Nigerian Association of Agricultural Economists (NAAE), October 7th to 10th, University of Abuja.
26. Oyediran, W. O. (2013). Factors affecting melon (Citrullus colocynthis) production in Oyo state, Nigeria. Unpublished M. Agric. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, pp. 71-73.
27. Philip, D., Nkonya, E., Pender, J., and Oni, O. A. (2009). Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria: A Review. International Food Policy Research Institute Journal. NSSP 006. E-mail: email@example.com. www.ifpri.org.
28. Schippers, R. R. (2002). African indigenous vegetables, an overview of the cultivated species 2002. Revised edition on CD –ROM. National Resources International Limited, Aylesford, United Kingdom.
29. Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN), (2010). Food and Nutrition Security in West Africa: Opportunities and Challenges. Supplement on the 11th Annual ECOWAS Nutrition forum. Pp 43. ISSN 1564-3743. www.unscn.org.
30. Ugwumba, C. O. A. (2010). Resource Use Efficiency and Determinants of Catfish Production Output in Anambra State, Nigeria. Multi. J. Res. Devel. 15: 143-150.
31. United Nations Environment Program, (2002). Africa Environment Outlook: Past, Present and Future Perspectives. In: Emmanuel K. Boon (eds.), Food Security in Africa: Challenges and Prospects, UNEP, Nairobi, 422p.
32. van der Vossen, H. A. M., Denton, O. A. and El-Tahir, I. M. (2004). Citrillus lanatus. In: Grubben, G. J. H and Denton, O. A. Plant resources of Tropical Africa 2 Vegetables. Wageningen. The Netherlands; CTA, Leiden, the Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, pp 185-191.
33. World Bank, (2008). World Development Report. Agriculture for Development. Washington, D.C.
34. World Health Organisation, (2012). Comparative Quantification and Health Risks: Childhood and Maternal Undernutrition.
35. Yahaya, M. K. and Olajide, B. R. (2002). Comparative Analysis of conventional and traditional media for the utilization of entertainment-education format for Agricultural Dissemination in Nigeria. Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 7, pp 1-7, New Delhi, India.
36. Zagata, L. (2009). The analysis of the current forms of organic chicken husbandry in the Czech Republic and their social consequences. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 55, 271–283.
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.