Abiotic Stresses and their Effects, Responses, and Adaptations in Grapevines (Vitis vinifera): Overview of Modern Research: a Review

Abiotic Stresses and their Effects, Responses, and Adaptations in Grapevines (Vitis vinifera): Overview of Modern Research: a Review


Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan

American Journal of Agricultural Research

Grapevines are cultivated throughout the world and face environmental fluctuations due to changing climatic and abiotic conditions. Temperature stress, hormonal imbalance, salinity and drought stress are the most damaging abiotic stresses that affect the metabolic processes, physiological structure and yield of the plants. This review focuses on the recent advancement in the study of various abiotic stresses on grapevines, their responses and the development of tolerance in them. Grapevines are also very sensitive to these abiotic stresses and have adaptations such as increase in abscisic acid synthesis, ascorbate peroxide concentration and genes expression for the development of resistance to overcome the harsh environment. According to the recent research, the exogenous application of kaolin is very useful in the control of harmful effects of heat stress and hormonal imbalance in grapevines. The study of the different stable genes expression in grapevines under sanity drought and cold stress is also helpful in the synthesis of the most resistant transgenic plants. The further study of the application of the different protective chemicals on the grapevines under abiotic stresses will open new ways for their management. The future genetic study of grapevines for the identification of different reference genes will result in the synthesis of the most stable transgenic plants.

Keywords:  grapevines, abiotic stresses, adaptations, kaolin, genes, transgenic plants

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:

WAQAS AHMAD. Abiotic Stresses and their Effects, Responses, and Adaptations in Grapevines (Vitis vinifera): Overview of Modern Research: a Review. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2019,4:33.


1. Akdogan G, Tufekci ED, Uranbey S, Unver T: miRNA-based drought regulation in wheat. Functional and Integrative Genomics 2016, 16(3): 221-233.
2. Ashraf M, Harris PJC: Photosynthesis under stressful environments: An overview. Photosynthetica 2013, 51(2): 163-190.
3. Baneh HD, Hassani A, Shaieste FG: Effects of salinity on leaf mineral composition and salt injury symptoms of some iranian wild grapevine (Vitis vinifera l. ssp. sylvestris) genotypes. Journal international des sciences de la vigne et du vin 2014, 48(4): 231-235.
4. Carvalho LC, Coito JL, Gonc EF, Chaves MM, Amancio S: Differential physiological response of the grapevine varieties Touriga Nacional and Trincadeira to combined heat, drought and light stresses. Plant Biology 2016, 18 (S1): 101-111.
5. Conde A, Pimentel D, Neves A, Dinis LT, Bernardo S, Correia CM, Gerós H, Pereira JM: Kaolin Foliar Application Has a Stimulatory Effect on Phenylpropanoid and Flavonoid Pathways in Grape Berries. Frontiers in Plant Science 2016, 7: 1150.
6. Carvalho LC, Coito JL, Colaço S, Sangiogo M, Amâncio S: Heat stress in grapevine: the pros and cons of acclimation. Plant Cell and Environment 2015, 38 (4): 777-789.
7. Cruz FJR, Castro GLS, Júnior DDS, Buselli RAF, Pinheiro HA: Exogenous glycine betaine modulates ascorbate peroxidase and catalase activities and prevent lipid peroxidation in mild waterstressed Carapa guianensis plants. Photosynthetica 2013, 51(1): 102-108.
8. Chen C, Tan R, Wong L, Fekete R, Halsey J: Quantitation of MicroRNAs by Real-Time RT-qPCR. In: Methods in molecular Biology (Methods and Protocols): Humana Press; 2011: 113-134.
9. Chutipaijit S, Cha-um S, Sompornpailin K: High contents of proline and anthocyanins increase protective response to salinity in Oryza sativa L. spp. indica. Australian Journal of Crop Science 2011, 5(10):1191-1198.
10. Claussen W: Proline as a measure of stress in tomato plants. Plant Science 2005, 168(1): 241-248.
11. Dinis LT, Bernardo S, Luzio A, Pinto G, Meijon M, Marijuand MP, Cotado A, Correia C, Pereira JM: Kaolin modulates ABA and IAA dynamics and physiology of grapevine under Mediterranean summer stress. Journal of Plant Physiology 2018, 220: 181-1924.
12. Dinis LT, Ferreira H, Pinto G, Bernardo S, Correia CM, Pereira JM: Kaolin-based, foliar reflective film protects photosystem II structure and function in grapevine leaves exposed to heat and high solar radiation. Photosynthetica 2016a, 54(1): 47-55.
13. Dinis LT, Bernardo S, Conde A, Pimentel D, Ferreira H, Felix L, Geros H, Correia CM, Pereira JM: Kaolin exogenous application boosts antioxidant capacity and phenolic content in berries and leaves of grapevine under summer stress. Journal of Plant Physiology 2016b, 191: 45-53.
14. Danquah A, Zelicourt A, Colcombet J, Hirt H: The role of ABA and MAPK signaling pathways in plant abiotic stress responses. Biotechnology Advances 2014, 32(1): 40-52.
15. Diaz-Vivancos P, Faize M, Barba-Espin G, Faize L, Petri C, Hernández JA, Burgos L: Ectopic expression of cytosolic superoxide dismutase and ascorbate peroxidase leads to salt stress tolerance in transgenic plums. Plant Biotechnology Journal 2013, 11(8): 976-985.
16. Du YL, Wang ZY, Fan JW, Turner NC, He J, Wang T, Li FM: Exogenous abscisic acid reduces water loss and improves antioxidant defence, desiccation tolerance and transpiration efficiency in two spring wheat cultivars subjected to a soil water deficit. Functional Plant Biology 2013, 40(5): 494-506.
17. Ershadi A, Karimi R, Mahdei KN: Freezing tolerance and its relationship with soluble carbohydrates, proline and water content in 12 grapevine cultivars. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 2016, 38(2):1-10.
18. Escalona JM, Fuentes S, Tomas M, Martorell S, Flexas J, Medrano H: Responses of leaf night transpiration to drought stress in Vitis vinifera L. Agricultural water management 2013, 118: 50-58.
19. FAOSTAT data. Accessed 1st June 2018, from http:// faostat.fao.org/ 2018.
20. Fiebelkorn D, Rahman M: Development of a protocol for frost-tolerance evaluation in rapeseed/canola (Brassica napus L.). The Crop Journal 2016, 4(2): 147-152.
21. Fraga H, Malheiro AC, Pereira JM, Jones GV, Alves F, Pinto JG, Santos JA: Very high resolution bioclimatic zoning of Portuguese wine region: present and future scenarios. Regional Environment Change 2014, 14(1): 295-306
22. Guan Q, Wang Z, Wang X, Takano T, Liu S: A peroxisomal APX from Puccinellia tenuiflora improves the abiotic stress tolerance of transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana through decreasing of H2O2 accumulation. Journal of Plant Physiology 2015, 175: 183-191.
23. Gupta NK, Agarwal S, Agarwal VP, Nathawat NS, Gupta S, Singh G: Effect of short-term heat stress on growth, physiology and antioxidative defence system in wheat seedlings. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 2013, 35(6): 1837-1842.
24. Ghaderi N, Talaie AR, Ebadi A, Lessani H: The physiological response of three Iranian grape cultivars to progressive drought stress. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 2011, 13(4): 601-610.
25. Haider MS, Zhang C, Kurjogi MM, Pervaiz T, Zheng T, Zhang C, Lide C, Shangguan L, Fang J: Insights into grapevine defense response against drought as revealed by biochemical, physiological and RNA-Seq analysis. Scientific Reports 2017, 7(13134).
26. Hasanuzzaman M, Nahar K, Hossain M S, Mahmud JA, Rahman A, Inafuku M, Fujita M, Oku H, Fujita M: Coordinated actions of glyoxalase and antioxidant defense systems in conferring abiotic stress tolerance in plants. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2017, 18(1): 200-228.
27. Hackenberg M, Gustafson P, Langridge P, Shi BJ: Differential expression of microRNAs and other small RNAs in barley between water and drought conditions. Plant Biotechnology Journal 2015, 13(1): 2–13.
28. Harrison MA: Cross-talk between phytohormone signaling pathways under both optimal and stressful environmental conditions. In: Phytohormones and Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg; 2012: 49-76.
29. Ismaili A, Salavati A, Mohammadi PP: A comparative proteomic analysis of responses to high temperature stress in hypocotyl of canola (Brassica napus L.). Protein and Peptide Letters 2015, 22(3): 285-299.
30. Jan SA., Bibi N, Shinwari KS, Rabbani MA, Ullah S, Qadir A, Khan N: Impact of salt, drought, heat and frost stresses on morpho-biochemical and physiological properties of Brassica species: An updated review. Journal of Rural Development and Agriculture 2017, 2(1): 1-10.
31. Jellouli N, Jouira HB, Daldoul S, Chenennaoui S, Ghorbel A, Salem AB, Gargouri A: Proteomic and Transcriptomic Analysis of Grapevine PR10 Expression During Salt Stress and Functional Characterization in Yeast. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 2010, 28: 1-8.
32. Karimi R: Potassium-induced freezing tolerance is associated with endogenous abscisic acid, polyamines and soluble sugars changes in grapevine. Scientia Horticulturae 2017, 215: 184-194.
33. Keller M: Botany and anatomy. In: The Science of Grapevines: Academic Press; 2015: 1-47.
34. Koyama K, Sadamatsu K, Yamamoto NG: Abscisic acid stimulated ripening and gene expression in berry skins of the Cabernet Sauvignon grape. Functional Integrative Genomics 2010, 10(3): 367-381.
35. Lestari R, Rio M, Martin F, Leclercq J, Woraathasin N, Roques S, Dessailly F, Vidal AC, Sanier C, Fabre D, Melliti S, Suharsono S, Montoro P: Overexpression of Hevea brasiliensis ethylene response factor HbERF‐IXc5 enhances growth and tolerance to abiotic stress and affects laticifer differentiation. Plant Biotechnology Journal 2018, 16(1): 322-336.
36. Luo M, Gao Z, Li H, Li Q, Zhang C, Xu W, Song S, Ma C, Wang S: Selection of reference genes for miRNA qRT-PCR under abiotic stress in grapevine. Scientific reports 2018, 8(1): 4444.
37. Lee K, Lee DH, Jung YJ, Shin SY, Lee YH: The natural flavone eupatorin induces cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and apoptosis in HeLa cells. Applied Biological Chemistry 2016, 59: 193-199.
38. Lin S, Zhou Z, Zhang H, Yin W: Phenolic glycosides from the rhizomes of Cyperus rotundus and their antidepressant activity. Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry 2015, 58: 685-691.
39. Li C, Yue J, Wu X, Xu C, Yu J: An ABA-responsive DRE-binding protein gene from Setaria italica, SiARDP, the target gene of SiAREB, plays a critical role under drought stress. Journal of Experimental Botany 2014, 65(18): 5415-5427.
40. Liu GT, Wang JF, Cramer G, Dai ZW, Duan W, Xu HG, Wu BH, Fan PG, Wang LJ, Li SH: Transcriptomic analysis of grape (Vitis vinifera L.) leaves during and after recovery from heat stress. BMC Plant Biology 2012, 12(1): 174.
41. Lovisolo C, Perrone I, Carra A, Ferrandino A, Flexas J, Medrano H, Schubert A: Drought-induced changes in development and function of grapevine (Vitis spp.) organs and in their hydraulic and non-hydraulic interactions at the whole-plant level: a physiological and molecular update. Functional Plant Biology, 2010, 37(2): 98-116.
42. Muhammad MT, Lubna, Fayyaz N, Tauseef S, Razaq U, Versiani MA, Ahmad A, Faizi S, Rasheed M: Antibacterial activity of flower of Melia azedarach Linn. and identification of its metabolites. Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry 2015, 58: 219-227.
43. Malar S, Vikram SS, Favas PJC, Perumal V: Lead heavy metal toxicity induced changes on growth and antioxidative enzymes level in water hyacinths [Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.)]. Botanical Studies 2014, 55: 54.
44. Maruta T, Tanouchi, A., Tamoi M, Yabuta Y, Yoshimura K, Ishikawa T, Shigeoka S: Arabidopsis chloroplastic ascorbate peroxidase isoenzymes play a dual role in photoprotection and gene regulation under photooxidative stress. Plant and Cell Physiology 2010, 51 (2): 190-200.
45. Mittler R, Blumwald E: Genetic engineering for modern agriculture: challenges and perspectives. Annual Review of Plant Biology 2010, 61: 443-462.
46. Moura JCMS, Bonine CAV, Viana JDOF, Dornelas MC, Mazzafera P: Abiotic and Biotic Stresses and Changes in the Lignin Content and Composition in Plants. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 2010, 52 (4): 360-376
47. Nishiyama Y, Murata N: Revised scheme for the mechanism of photoinhibition and its application to enhance the abiotic stress tolerance of the photosynthetic machinery. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 2014, 98: 8777–8796.
48. Oh S, Moon KH, Son IC, Song EY, Moon YE, Koh SC: Growth, photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence of Chinese cabbage in response to high temperature. Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology 2014, 32(3): 318-329.
49. Orduna RMD: Climate change associated effects on grape and wine quality and production. Food Research International 2010, 43(7): 1844-1855.
50. Pandey S, Fartyal D, Agarwal A, Shukla T, James D, Kaul T, Negi YK, Arora S, Reddy MK: Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants: Myriad Roles of Ascorbate Peroxidase. Frontiers in Plant Science 2017, 8: 581
51. Parihar P, Singh S, Singh R, Singh VP, Prasad SM: Effect of salinity stress on plants and its tolerance strategies: a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2015, 22(6): 4056-4075.
52. Peleg Z, Blumwald E: Hormone balance and abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 2011, 14 (3): 290-295.
53. Romero P, Munoz RG, Fernandez JIF, Amor FMD, Cutillas AM, Garcia JG: Improvement of yield and grape and wine composition in field-grown Monastrell grapevines by partial root zone irrigation, in comparison with regulated deficit irrigation. Agricultural Water Management 2015, 149: 55-73.
54. Roychoudhury A, Paul S, Basu S: Cross-talk between abscisic acid-dependent and abscisic acid-independent pathways during abiotic stress. Plant Cell Reports 2013, 32(7): 985-1006.
55. Schwarzkopf M, Pierce NA: Multiplexed miRNA northern blots via hybridization chain reaction. Nucleic Acids Research 2016, 44(15): 129.
56. Shah SH, Ali S, Jan SA, Din JU, Ali GM: Piercing and incubation method of in planta transformation producing stable transgenic plants by overexpressing DREB1A gene in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 2016, 120(3): 1139-1157.
57. Shah SH, Ali S, Hussain Z, Jan SA, Din JU, Ali GM: Genetic improvement of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) with AtDREB1A gene for cold stress tolerance using optimized Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 2015, 18: 471-482.
58. Singh M, Rathore SS, Raja P: Physiological and stress studies of different rapeseed-mustard genotypes under terminal heat stress. International Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology 2014, 5(2): 133-142.
59. Song JQ, Shellie KC, Wang H, Qian MC: Influence of deficit irrigation and kaolin particle film on grape composition and volatile compounds in Merlot grape (Vitis vinifera L.). Food Chemistry 2012, 134(2): 841-850.
60. Sato Y, Masuta Y, Saito K, Murayama S, Ozawa K: Enhanced chilling tolerance at the booting stage in rice by transgenic overexpression of the ascorbate peroxidase gene, OsAPXa. Plant Cell Reports 2011, 30(3): 399-406.
61. Skirycz A, Inzé D: More from less: plant growth under limited water. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 2010, 21(2): 197-203.
62. Seo PJ, Xiang F, Qiao M, Park JY, Lee YN, Kim SG, Lee YH, Park WJ, Park CM: The MYB96 transcription factor mediates abscisic acid signaling during drought stress response in arabidopsis. Plant Physiology 2009, 151: 275–289.
63. Torregrosa L, Bigard A, Doligez A, Lecourieux D, Rienth M, Luchaire N, Pieri P, Chatbanyong R, Shahood R, Farnos M, Roux C, Adiveze A, Pillet J, Sire Y, Zumstein E, Veyret M, Cunff LL, Lecourieux F, Saurin N, Muller B, Ojeda H, Houel C, Péros JP, This P, Pellegrino A, Romieu C: Developmental, molecular and genetic studies on grapevine response to temperature open breeding strategies for adaptation to warming. International journal of vine and wine sciences 2017, 51 (2): 155-165.
64. Tripathi DK., Shweta, Singh S, Yadav V, Arif N, Singh S, Dubey NK, Chauhan DK: Silicon: a potential element to combat adverse impact of UV-B in plants. In: UV-B Radiation: From Environmental Stressor to Regulator of Plant Growth: John Wiley & Sons; 2017: 175-195.
65. Tripathi DK, Singh VP, Prasad SM, Dubey NK, Chauhan DK, Rai AK: LIB spectroscopic and biochemical analysis to characterize lead toxicity alleviative nature of silicon in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 2016, 154: 89–98.
66. Walker RR, Blackmore DH, Clingeleffer PR: Impact of rootstock on yield and ion concentrations in petioles, juice and wine of Shiraz and Chardonnay in different viticultural environments with different irrigation water salinity. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 2010, 16(1): 243-257.
67. Yang Y, Zhang X, Chen Y, Guo J, Ling H, Gao S, Su Y, Que Y, Xu L: Selection of Reference Genes for Normalization of MicroRNA Expression by RT-qPCR in Sugarcane Buds under Cold Stress. Frontiers in Plant Science 2016, 7(86).
68. Zandalinas SI, Mittler R, Balfagón D, Arbona V, Cadenas AG: Plant adaptations to the combination of drought and high temperatures. Physiologia Plantarum 2018, 162(1): 2-12.
69. Zandalinas SI, Rivero RM, Martínez V, Cadenas AG, Arbona V: Tolerance of citrus plants to the combination of high temperatures and drought is associated to the increase in transpiration modulated by a reduction in abscisic acid levels. BMC Plant Biology 2016a, 16: 105.
70. Zandalinas SI, Balfagón D, Arbona V, Cadenas AG, Inupakutika MA, Mittler R: ABA is required for the accumulation of APX1 and MBF1c during a combination of water deficit and heat stress. Journal of Experimental Botany 2016b, 67(18): 5381-5390.
71. Zhang J, Jiang F, Yang P, Li J, Yan G, Hu L: Responses of canola (Brassica napus L.) cultivars under contrasting temperature regimes during early seedling growth stage as revealed by multiple physiological criteria. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 2015, 37(2): 1-10.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details).

This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.