Africanized honeybee and its contribution to soybean yield in Brazil

Africanized honeybee and its contribution to soybean yield in Brazil

Pedro da Rosa Santos1, Rodolfo Cecílio2, Samuel Roggia3, Diogo Francisco Rossoni4, Vagner de Alencar Arnaut de Toledo1*

1Maringa State University, Animal Science Department, Maringa, Parana, Brazil.
2Agronomic Institute of Parana, Londrina, Parana, Brazil.
3Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Londrina, Parana, Brazil.
4Maringa State University, Statistical Department, Maringa, Parana, Brazil.

American Journal of Agricultural Research

Cultivated areas of soybean in Brazil have been increasing with each harvest and the seed market is moving in the same direction, launching new varieties every year. To increase not only planted area but also productivity, it is necessary to use technologies and use integration systems. In this study, the effect of pollination by honeybees on two soybean varieties in two consecutive years was evaluated. Three treatments were established: cages with Apis mellifera honeybees, cages without bees and free areas for insect visitation. The results showed an increase 6.45% of soybean yield in areas with free access to insect visitation. While in the cages with the introduction of Africanized honeybee colonies the increase was 13.64%. These results indicate that even in the most recent cultivars, cross pollination can show productivity gains even in an autogamous species.

Keywords: Biotic pollination; Crop pollination; Glycine max; Pollination service; Transgenic soybean.

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How to cite this article:

Pedro da Rosa Santos, Rodolfo Cecílio, Samuel Roggia, Diogo Francisco Rossoni, Vagner de Alencar Arnaut de Toledo. Africanized honeybee and its contribution to soybean yield in Brazil. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2019,4:45. DOI: 10.28933/ajar-2019-01-0905


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