Farmers’ perception of drought effects on cowpea and varietal preferences in Northern Ghana


Farmers’ perception of drought effects on cowpea and varietal preferences in Northern Ghana


Alidu, M. S.1*, Asante, I. K.2, Tongoona, P.2, Ofori. K2, Danquah A.2, and Padi, F. K3.

1Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University for Development Studies, P. O. Box TL 1882, Nyankpala, Tamale, Ghana.
2West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement, University of Ghana, P.O. Box PMB 30 Legon, Accra.
3Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana, P. O. Box 8 New Tafo-Akim. Eastern Region.


American Journal of Agricultural Research

Farmer involvement in the development of cowpea varieties for cultivation is an integral component for crop improvement in Northern Ghana where the bulk of cowpea is produced. The objective of this study was to assess farmers’ perception about the effect of drought on cowpea production, identify production constraints and determine farmer preferred traits using Participatory Rural Appraisal. Five cowpea producing districts were selected across the three Northern regions. Fifty cowpea producers, consumers and traders were randomly selected for the study. Data was collected using questionnaires and focus group discussions. Data was analysed using SPSS version 22. Kendall’s Coefficient of Concordance statistical procedure was used to identify and rank farmers’s constraints and preferences, and to measure the degree of agreement among the respondents. Ninety three percent of the farmers reported that, the number of hot days has increased over the past ten years. Farmers across all the three regions linked the effect of drought to the stages of cowpea growth with podding stage seen as the worst affected. About 70% of the farmers preferred varieties with large grain size, smooth or rough textured seeds with white coats. About 84 % of farmers preferred varieties that were early and drought tolerant.


Keywords: Cowpea; Drought; Focus group discussion; Participatory rural appraisal.

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How to cite this article:

Alidu, M. S., Asante, I. K., Tongoona, P., Ofori. K., Danquah A., and Padi, F. K. Farmers’ perception of drought effects on cowpea and varietal preferences in Northern Ghana. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2019,4:46. DOI: 10.28933/ajar-2019-01-1906


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