The growth and nutrient utilization of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) fed Parkia biglobosa meal based diet


The growth and nutrient utilization of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) fed Parkia biglobosa meal based diet.


Adewumi, A.A.1*; Akin-Obasola, B.J.2 and Oguntohun, O.G.1

1Dept. of Zoology and Environmental Biology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti
2Dept. Of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti


American Journal of Agricultural Research

The study investigated the growth and nutrient utilization of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings fed five iso-nitrogenus diets, containing fermented locust bean meal, at varying inclusion level (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%) as replacement for fishmeal. Eight weeks feeding trial was conducted using Clarias gariepinus fingerlings which were randomly distributed into 12 bowls at a stocking rate of 20 fish per bowl, in replicates per treatment. The experimental design was completely randomized. The fish were fed at 5% body weight, twice daily. Six isonitrogenous (35% crude protein) diets containing fermented locust beans meal at varying replacement level for fish meal designated as diet A0, B10, C20, D30, E40 and F50 were formulated and fed to the fish. All the experimental fish fed the various treatments showed increase in weight, carcass crude protein and lipid content, compared to the initial value indicating positive contribution of the various diets to growth of the fish. The results obtained indicated there was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the mean weight gain, percentage weight gain. Specific growth rate, food conversion ratio and protein efficiency ratio among the fish fed the various diets. The highest weight gain was recorded in the fish fed the control diet (2.47g) while the least was recorded for the fish fed the B20 diet (2.18g). This study revealed that locust bean seed if processed, as in fermentation, could replace fishmeal up to 50% level in the diet of C. fish. This level of inclusion would be a significant replacement for the expensive fishmeal in feed manufacturing.


Keywords: Parkia biglobossa, fermentation, growth, catfish, weight, diet

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Adewumi, A.A.; Akin-Obasola, B.J. and Oguntohun, O.G.. The growth and nutrient utilization of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) fed Parkia biglobosa meal based diet. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2019,4:66. DOI: 10.28933/ajar-2019-06-1605


References:

1. Adewumi, A.A. (2005). The effects of the heating time of soybean for the broodstock nutrition on the reproductive performance of C. gariepinus (Burchell 1822). PhD Thesis Department of Zoology, Obafemi Awolowo University Nigeria. 162p.
2. Adewumi, A. A. (2012). Bovine blood and rumen digesta in catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) diet. European Journal of Scientific Research. 83(2):167-172.
3. Adesina, S.A, Falaye, A. E, Olusola, S.E. and Ajani, E. K. (2013). Growth performance and nutrient utilisation of Clarias gariepinus juveniles fed graded levels of boiled sunflower (Helianthus annus L) seed meal-based diets. Journal of Agric. Res., (12): 342– 351.
4. Alegbeleye, W. O., Oresegun, A. O., Omitoyin, O. (2001). Use of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean) meal in the diets of Heteroclarias fingerlings. Moor J. of Agric. Res. 2:54–59.
5. AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists) (2006). Official methods of Analysis. 17th Edition. (Ed. S. Williams), Arlington, V.A. 1125p.
6. Apata, D.F. (2003). Egg production and haematological profile of laying hens fed dietary raw or processed proposis African seeds. In: Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of The Nigeria Society for Animal Production (NSAP), 16th-20th March 2003, p280-282.
7. Ayanwale, B. A and Ari, M.M. (2002). Replacement value of Parkia filicoidea in broiler. J. of Agric. Tech. (1): 42-52.
8. Bridget, O.O.; Olumuyiwa, S.F. Bolanie O.A., and Adewusi, S.A. (2004). Biochemical Changes in Africa locust beans (Parkia biglobasa) and Melon (Citrullus vulgaris) seeds during fermentation to condiment. Pakistan J. of Nutrition. 3:140-145.
9. Cruz, E.M. (1975). Determination of nutrient digestibility in various classes of natural and purified feed materials for channel catfish; PhD dissertation, Auborn University, Auburn Alabama. p 32.
10. Dawodu, F.A. (2009). Physico-chemical studies on oil extraction processes from some Nigerian grown plant seeds. J. of Environ. Agric. and Food Chem.. 8:102-110
11. Duncan, D.B. (1955): Multiple range and multiple F-test. Biometrics, 11:1-42.
12. Elemo, G.; Elemo, G.O.; Oladunjoye,O.O. and Erukainure, O. (2011). Comprehensive investigation into the nutritional composition of dehulled and defatted African locust bean seed (Parkia biglobosa). Afr. J. of Plant Sci. 5(5):291-295
13. Fagbenro A.O. and Adeparusi, E. (2003).Feedstuff and dietary substitution for farmed fish in Nigeria. Paper presented at Pan African Fish and Fisheries Conference Contonou, Benin Republic. Book of Abstracts. pp: 276.
14. Falaye, A. E. (1992). Utilization of agro-industrial wastes as fish feedstuff in Nigeria In : Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria, Lagos. pp 47 – 57.
15. Fetuga, B.L.; Babatunde, G.M. and Oyenuga, B.A. (1973). Protein quality of some unusual protein foodstuffs. Studies on the African locust-bean seeds (Parkia filicoidea). J. of Nutr. 32:27.
16. Francis, G., Makkar, H.P.S. and Becker, K. (2001). Anti-nutritional factors present in plant – derived alternative fish feed Ingredients and their effects in fish. Aquaculture. 199(3-4): 197-228.
17. Ibrahim, M.H. and Antia, S.P. (1986). Chemical changes during the fermentation of African locust bean, Parkia biglobosa seeds for production of ‘Dawadawa’. Qualitas plantorium- plant food for Human Nutrition. 36:179-184.
18. Jauncey, K. (1998): Lecture note on fish Nutrition. Institute of Aquaculture University of Stirling U.K. p2
19. Kanazawa, A. (2000). Essential fatty acids and lipid requirements of fish. In Nutrition and Feeding in fish, Academic Press London. pp70-87.
20. Lovell, T. (1989). Nutrition and Feeding of Fish. Van Nostrand Reinhold, NY, U.S.A. p240.
21. Mohammed, A.O. and Mahammed, R. (2014). Growth performance of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings fed graded level inclusion of fermented locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) meal.
22. Proceedings of International Conference on Advances in Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Sciences (AABES-2014) Oct 15-16, 2014 Dubai (UAE). P59-64
23. NRC (1993) Nutrition Requirement of Fish, Committee on Animal Nutrition, Board on Agriculture. National Research Council. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. pp 35.
24. Olaniyi, C.O.; Adedeji, O.S.; Aderinola, O.A. Olayeni, T.B. and Okunlola, D.O. (2010).
25. Performance characteristics and blood profiles of African catfish fed locust bean meal (P. biglobosa). Crop Sci. 40(1,2 & 3): 221-226.
26. Olomu, J. M. (2011).Monogastric Animal Nutrition; Principles and Practice. 2nd Edition University of Benin, Jackson Publishers, Nigeria.. pp160-165.
27. Omitoyin, B.O. (2005). Problems and prospects of fish feed production in Nigeria. Invited technical paper presented at the USAID aquaculture marketing stakeholder forum held at University of Ibadan Conference Centre, 13th December, 2005. P34
28. Osagie, A. U. (1998) Anti-nutritional factors. In: Osagie A.U., Eke O.U (eds). Nutritional Quality of Plant Foods. Post-Harvest Research Unit, Department of Biochemistry University of Benin, Nigeria. pp 88.
29. Pirman, T.; Stibily, V.; Stekar, J.M.A. and Combe, E. (2001). Amino Acid Composition of Beans and lentil. The Journal Research Reports Biotechnical Faculty University of Ljubljana. p68.
30. Soetan, K. O. and Oyewole, O. E. (2009). The need for adequate processing to reduce the anti-nutritional factors in animal feeds: A review. Africa J. of Food Science.3(9):223-232.
31. Soetan, K. O., Akinrinde, A. S., and Adisa, S. B. (2014). Proximate composition, mineral and anti-nutritional factors in the seeds and leaves of African locust bean. Food Sci. and Tech. 15(1): 70-75