Corn Mineral Nutrition Responses to NPSFe Biofertilizer and NPKZn Briquettes


Corn Mineral Nutrition Responses to NPSFe Biofertilizer and NPKZn Briquettes


Xinhua Yin* and John H. Winings

Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee, 605 Airways Boulevard, Jackson, TN 38301, USA


Alternative fertilizers have been increasingly developed during recent years in order to improve crop nutrition. The efficacy of these fertilizers on corn (Zea mays L.) production has not been well examined. Alternative fertilizers of organically enhanced NPSFe biofertilizer (NPSFe) manufactured from sterilized organic additives extracted from municipal wastewater biosolids and NPKZn briquettes (briquettes) produced by compacting commercially available solid fertilizers into a super-granule between 1-3 grams were evaluated for nutrient concentrations in plant biomass and grain of corn compared to commonly used N fertilizers ammonium sulfate and urea at Jackson and Grand Junction, TN during 2011-2013. NPSFe, the briquettes, ammonium sulfate, and urea and four N application rates of 0, 85, 128/170, and 170/255 kg ha-1 were assigned to the main and sub plots, respectively, in a split plot randomized complete block design with four replicates. Aboveground plant biomass at the silking growth stage (R1) and physiological maturity stage (R6) and grain at harvest were analyzed for N, P, K, S, Fe, and Zn concentrations. NPSFe resulted in similar or lower plant N concentrations relative to the conventional fertilizers ammonium sulfate and urea. The briquettes performed equally or better in terms of plant N concentrations compared to ammonium sulfate and urea. In excessive spring precipitation, the briquettes had higher biomass N concentrations at R1. NPSFe tended to have lower P concentrations in plant biomass at R1 and R6. The briquettes had similar or higher plant P levels relative to ammonium sulfate and urea. Both NPSFe and ammonium sulfate increased S concentrations in plant biomass compared to the briquettes and urea. In conclusion, the briquettes do not consistently improve corn N, P, K, and Zn nutrition compared to the conventional fertilizers ammonium sulfate and urea. NPSFe sometimes seems to reduce corn N and P nutrition but increase Zn nutrition relative to ammonium sulfate and urea.


Keywords: Biofertilizer, Briquettes, Corn, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sulfur, Iron, Zinc

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Xinhua Yin and John H. Corn Mineral Nutrition Responses to NPSFe Biofertilizer and NPKZn Briquettes. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2019,4:69. DOI: 10.28933/ajar-2019-08-2905


References:

1. Agyin-Birikorang, S., J. Winings, X. Yin, U. Singh, and J. Sanabria. 2018. Field evaluation of agronomic effectiveness of multi-nutrient fertilizer briquettes for upland crop production. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 110:395–406.
2. Alfoldi, Z., L. Pinter, and B. Feil. 1994. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium concentrations in developing maize grains. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 172:200–206.
3. Al-Kaisi, M. and D. Kwaw-Mensah. 2007. Effect of tillage and nitrogen rate on corn yield and nitrogen and phosphorus uptake in a corn-soybean rotation. Agronomy Journal 99:1548–1558.
4. Belay, A., A. S. Claassens, and F. C. Wehner. 2002. Effect of direct nitrogen and potassium and residual phosphorus fertilizers on soil chemical properties, microbial components, and maize yield under long-term crop rotation. Biology and Fertility of Soils 35:420–427.
5. Bruns, H. A. and M. W. Ebelhar. 2006. Nutrient uptake of maize affected by nitrogen and potassium fertility in a humid subtropical environment. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 37:275–293.
6. Cakmak, I. 2002. Plant nutrition research: priorities to meet human needs for food in sustainable ways. Plant and Soil 247:3–24.
7. Castillo, M.S., L.E. Sollenberger, J. M. B. Vendramini, K. R. Woodard, G. A. O’Connor, Y. C. Newman, M. L. Silveira, and J. B Sartain. 2010. Municipal biosolids as an alternative nutrient source for bioenergy crops: i. elephantgrass biomass production and soil responses. Agronomy Journal 102:1308–1313.
8. Ciampitti, I. A., J. J. Camberato, S. T. Murrell, and T. J. Vyn. 2013. Maize nutrient accumulation and partitioning in response to plant density and nitrogen rate: i. macronutrients. Agronomy Journal 105:783–795.
9. Ciampitti, I. A. and T. J. Vyn. 2013. Maize nutrient accumulation and partitioning in response to plant density and nitrogen rate: ii. micronutrients. Agronomy Journal 105:1645–1657.
10. Fan, M., F. Zhao, S. J. Fairweather-Tait, P. R. Poulton, S. J. Dunham, and S. P. McGrath. 2008. Evidence of decreasing mineral density in wheat grain over the last 160 years. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 22:315–324.
11. Granato, T. C., R. I. Pietz, G. J. Knafl, C. R. Carlson, P. Tata, and C. Lue-Hing. 2004. Trace element concentrations in soil, corn leaves, and grain after cessation of biosolids applications. Journal of Environmental Quality 33:2078–2089.
12. Herencia, J. F., J. C. Ruiz-Porraas, S. Meleor, P. A. Garcia-Galavis, E. Morillo, and C. Maqueda. 2007. Comparison between organic and mineral fertilization and soil fertility levels, crop macronutrient concentrations, and yield. Agronomy Journal 99:973–983.
13. Khalil, M. I., U. Schmidhalter, R. Gutser, and H. Heuwinkel. 2011. Comparative efficacy of urea fertilization via supergranules versus prills on nitrogen distribution, yield response, and nitrogen use efficiency of spring wheat. Journal of Plant Nutrition 34:779–797.
14. Kraemer, S. M., D. Crowley, and R. Kretzschomar. 2006. Siderophores in plant iron acquisition: geochemical aspects. Advanced Agronomy 91:1–46.
15. Long, J. K., M. Banziger, M. E. Smith. 2004. Diallel analysis of grain iron and zinc density in southern African-adapted maize inbreds. Crop Science 44:2019–2026.
16. Losak, T., J. Hlusek, J. Martinec, J. Jandak, M. Szostkova, and R. Filipcik. 2011. Nitrogen fertilization does not affect micronutrient uptake in grain maize (Zea mays L.). ACTA Agriculture Scandinavica Section B-Soil and Plant Science 61:543–550.
17. Mantovi, P., G. Baldoni, and G. Toderi. 2005. Reuse of liquid, dewatered, and composted sewage sludge on agricultural land: effects of long-term application on soil and crop. Water Research 39:289–296.
18. Mengel, D. B., D. W. Nelson, and D. M. Huber. 1982. Placement of nitrogen fertilizers for no-till and conventional till corn. Agronomy Journal 74:515–518.
19. Morris, C. and D. Sands. 2006. The breeder’s dilemma—yield or nutrition? Nature 24:1078–1080.
20. Ogunlela, V. B., G. M. Amoruwa, and O. O. Ologunde. 1988. Growth, yield components and micronutrient nutrition of field-grown maize (Zea mays L.) as affected by nitrogen fertilization and plant density. Fertilizer Research 17:189–196.
21. Pagani, A., H. E. Echeverria, F. H. Andrade, H. R. S. Rozas. 2008. Characterization of corn nitrogen status with a greenness index under different availability of sulfur. Agronomy Journal 101:315–322.
22. Pellegrino, J. L. and S. Lou. 2000. Energy and environmental profile of the U.S. chemical industry. Energetics, Inc. Columbia, MD and U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C. http://www1.eere.energy.gov/manufacturing/resources/chemicals/pdfs/profile_chap5.pdf. Accessed on June 21, 2012.
23. Riedell, W. E., J. L. Pikul, A. A. Jaradat, and T. E. Shumacher. 2009. Crop rotation and nitrogen input effects on soil fertility, maize mineral nutrition, yield, and seed
24. Shober, A. L., R. C. Stehouwer, and K. E. Macneal. 2003. On-farm assessment of biosolids effects on soil and crop tissue quality. Journal of Environmental Quality 32:1873–1880.
25. Sindelar, A. J., J. A. Lamb, C. C. Sheaffer, C. J. Rosen, and H. G. Jung. 2013. Fertilizer nitrogen rate effects on nutrient removal by corn stover and cobs. Agronomy Journal 105:437–445.
26. Singh, U., J. Sanabria, E. R. Austin, and S. Agyin-Birikorang. 2012. Nitrogen transformation, ammonia volatilization loss, and nitrate leaching in organically enhanced nitrogen fertilizers relative to urea. Soil Science of America Journal 76:1842–1854.
27. Sneller, E. G. and C. A. M. Laboski. 2009. Phosphorus source effects on corn utilization and changes in soil test. Agronomy Journal 101:663–670.
28. Stecker, J. A., D. D. Buchholz, P. W. Tracy. 1995. Fertilizer sulfur effects on corn yield and plant sulfur concentration. Journal of Production Agriculture 8:61–65.
29. Vose, P. B. 1982. Iron nutrition in plants: a world overview. Journal of Plant Nutrition 5:233–249.
30. Warman, P. R. 2005. Soil fertility, yield and nutrient contents of vegetable crops after 12 years of compost or fertilizer amendments. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 23:5–96.
31. Weggler-Beaton, K., R. D. Graham, and M. J. McLaughlin. 2003. The influence of low rates of air-dried biosolids on yield and phosphorus and zinc nutrition of wheat (Tritcum durum) and barley (Hordeum vulgare). Australian Journal of Soil Research 41:293–308.
32. Winings, J., X. Yin, S. Agyin-Birikorang, U. Singh, J. Sanabria, H. J. Savoy, F. L. Allen, and A. M. Saxton, 2017. Agronomic effectiveness of an organically enhanced nitrogen fertilizer. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 108:149–161.
33. Zheng, S. J. 2010. Iron homeostasis and iron acquisition in plants: maintenance, functions and consequences. Annals of Botany 105:799–800.
34. Ziadi, N., G. Belanger, F. Gastal, A. Claessens, G. Lemaire, and N. Tremblay. 2009. Leaf nitrogen concentration as an indicator of corn nitrogen status. Agronomy Journal 101:947–957.