Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research
Faba bean variety development for quality and disease resistance for potential areas
Deressa Tesfaye, Gizachew Yilma, Gebeyew Achenif, Tadesse Sefera, Tamene Temesgen and Temesgen Abo
Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) variety named ‘Numan’ with the pedigree designation of ‘EH06007-2’ has been released by Kulumsa agricultural research centre in Ethiopia. The variety is best adapted to altitudes ranging between 1800 to 3000 m.a.s.l. areas of Ethiopia and similar agro-ecologies. The variety was developed through hybridization between F5 generation (EH99037-5) and exotic material (ILB1563) and resulted in breeder id designation of ‘EH06007-2’. It has been tested at Kulumsa, Asassa, Bokoji, Koffale, Holetta, Adadi, Jeldu, Adet, Shambu and Sinana, from 2012 to 2013 main cropping seasons. The seed weight of this variety is 36.5% heavier than the seed weight of the variety used as the standard check. Despite ‘Numan’ showed relatively (-2.77%) less seed yield advantage across a range of environments and years than the standard checks Dosha and Tumsa in the National Variety Trials based on most stability measurement parameters. However, this variety is the seed size and moderately resistant to the major faba bean diseases such as chocolate spot and rust, and it could be cultivated across a number of locations in the mid and high-altitude areas of Ethiopia for increasing productivity of the crop and important variety for foreign export.
Keywords: Vicia faba L, National yield trail, Preliminary variety trial, Grain yield, Seed size, Disease resistance.
How to cite this article:
Deressa Tesfaye, Gizachew Yilma, Gebeyew Achenif, Tadesse Sefera, Tamene Temesgen and Temesgen Abo. Faba bean variety development for quality and disease resistance for potential areas. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2020,5:87.
1. Abebe T. Meles K. Nega Y. Beyene H. and Kebede A. (2013), Interaction between broomrape (orobanche crenata) and resistance faba bean genotypes (Vicia faba L) in Trigray region of Ethiopia. Can. J. Plant Prod. 1(3), 104-109.
2. Amhara Agricultural Research Institutes, Bahir Dar. (http://www.arari.gov.et)
3. CSA (Central Statistical Authority). 2016/17. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, agricultural samples survey: Report on area and production of major crops, Volume I.
4. Ethiopian institutes of Agricultural Research (http://www.eiar.gov.et)
5. FAOSTAT (2017), http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC
6. Gemechu, K., Mussa, J., and Tezera, W. 2006. Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Genetics and Breeding Research in Ethiopia: A Review. In: Kemal, A., Gemechu, K., Seid, A., Malhotra, R., Beniwal, S., Makkouk, K. and Halila, M.H. (eds.). Food and forage Legumes of Ethiopian: Progress and prospects. Proceedings of a workshop on food and forage Legumes.22-26 Sept. 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria. ISBN 92-9127-185-4. pp. 42-52.
7. Hailu E. Getaneh G. Sefera T. Tadesse N. Bitew B. Boydom A. Kassa D. and Temesgen T. (2014), Faba bean gall; a new threat for faba bean (Vicia faba) production in Ethiopia. Adv. Crop Sci. Technol. doi:10.4172/2329-8863.1000144.
8. Little, T.M. and Hills, F.J. 1978. Agricultural experimentation: Design and analysis. John Wiley and Sons. New York. 350p.
9. Mussa, J. and Gemechu, K. 2006. Vicia faba L. In: Brink, M. and Belay, G. (eds.). Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 1: Cereals and Pulses. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen, Netherlands/Backhuys.
10. Oromia Institutes of Agricultural Research (http://www.iqqo.org).
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.