Characterization and Analysis of Crop production System for Research and Development Intervention

Characterization and Analysis of Crop production System for Research and Development Intervention

Kibret Ketema, Jafer Mume, Abdulalziz Teha, & Alemayehu Birri

Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Fedis Agricultural Research Centre

Agriculture is the dominant economic activity and the base of livelihood for the residents of East Hararghe Zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia. The livelihood of the residents of East Hararghe Zone dependent on agriculture; however, the sector in the Zone is at subsistence level and efforts has been put to adapt and promote improved technologies that would help to boost production is not satisfactory. For the successful research and development intervention, analysis of the existing crop production system is crucial to understand the real situation. In this line, this study was with specific objectives of identifying crop production systems, and prioritizing major constraints in the study area.The study was used Participatory Rural Appraisals (PRA) tools such as household survey, focus group discussions, pair-wise ranking, and field observation. A total of 329 farm householders were selected using multi-stage sampling techniques. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The result of PRA indicates that five major farming typologies:-Chat/Maize highland mixed farming system (CMHMFS), Sorghum/maize/cash crops midland mixed farming system (SMCMMFS), Coffee/maize mixed farming system (CMMFS), Sorghum/groundnut lowland mixed farming system (SGLMFS) and Agro pastoral/pastoral farming system (APPFS) were identified in the Zone. Results of PRA study revealed that the main crop production constraints were lack of improved varieties, shortage were identified as the first limiting factor followed by insect pests, shortage of improved seeds supply, erratic rainfall distribution, soil fertility declining and extension service availability in decreasing order of priority. Hence, there is need for research, development and institutional interventions to alleviate the identified constraints to crop production in the study area through holistic approach.

Keywords: Characterization; analysis, Crop production system; Constraints, opportunities, East Hararghe

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Kibret Ketema, Jafer Mume, Abdulalziz Teha, & Alemayehu Birri.Characterization and Analysis of Crop production System for Research and Development Intervention. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2020,5:89.


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