Active ingredients for weed control of food and vegetable crops in northern Côte d’Ivoire


Active ingredients for weed control of food and vegetable crops in northern Côte d’Ivoire


N. S. Singo1,2, A. Touré2, N. J. Kouakou2, Y. R. Baka2, J. Ipou IPou2

1African Center of Excellence for Climate Change, Biodiversity and Sustainable Agriculture (CEA-CCBAD), Félix Houphouët-Boigny University; 2Botany Laboratory, UFR Biosciences, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire


Agriculture in the north of Côte d’Ivoire, like the rest of the country, is undergoing genuine development. This situation is leading producers to adopt new cultivation techniques, including the use of herbicides for weed control. Herbicides have advantages and disadvantages in their handling. Knowing how dangerous these products can be, identifying them would be advantageous, hence this study. The main objective of this study is to establish a list of herbicides used on vegetable and food crops in the study area. In the departments of Boundiali, Ferké, Korhogo, and Séguéla directed interviews were conducted with traders, producers, and firms. They focused on the active ingredients of the herbicides, the type, and the mode of use. At the end of the study, seventy-seven herbicides divided into twenty-two active ingredients were identified. Glyphosate was the most present followed by nicosulfuron. To conclude, it should be noted that herbicides are present in the habits of the producers in our study area. They still do not use the products according to the standards. These results will help improve the quality and sustainability of agriculture.


Keywords: Actives ingredients; Weeds control; Food et vegetable crops; Côte d’Ivoire

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:

N. S. Singo, A. Touré, N. J. Kouakou, Y. R. Baka, J. Ipou IPou. Active ingredients for weed control of food and vegetable crops in northern Côte d’Ivoire. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2020; 5:105. DOI: 10.28933/ajar-2020-09-1205


References:

1. Avenard J. M. 1971. Aspect de la géomorpholo-gie de la Côte d’Ivoire. In: Le milieu naturel
2. Beckie H.J., 2006. Herbicides-resistant weeds: management tactics and practices. Weed tech-nology, 20(3), pp.348-370.
3. Bender J., 1990. Converting to pesticide-free ag-riculture: dealing with institutions. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 45 (1), pp: 96-98.
4. Boudjedjou L., 2010. Etude de la flore adventice des cultures de la région de Jijel, Mémoire de MAGISTER, Faculté des sciences, Département de Biologie, Université Ferhat Abbas Setif, 155p.
5. Carole Barthélémy, Aurélien Allouche, Gilles Ar-mani, Gaïa Bonnet, Christelle Gramaglia and Laurence Nicolas, “Écologisation des pratiques agricoles et ancrages familiaux au territoire. Une comparaison de l’utilisation des produits phyto-sanitaires entre Camargue et Beaujolais “, Dé-veloppement durable et territoires [On line], Vol. 11, n°1 | April 2020, put online on 20 April 2020, consulted on 18 June 2020. of the Ivory Coast. ORSTORM, Paris; pp.7-72.
6. Déat M., 1986. Chemical cotton weed control in West Africa. Research results and their use in farmer’s fields. Cot. Fib. Trop., vol. XLI (1), pp: 25-28
7. Dessaint F., Barralis G., Caixinhas M.L., Post B.J. Et Zanin G. 1990., EWRS collaborative study of seed bank estimation: Studies of the relation between the mean and the variance with sampling procedure, Weed Res. 30, pp 421-42
8. Doumbia M. and Kwadjo K.E., 2009. Practices of
a. pesticide use and management by market gardeners in Côte d’Ivoire: the case of the city of Abidjan and two of its suburbs (Dabou and Ayama), Journal of Applied Biosciences, 18, pp: 992-1002.
9. Fleischer G., Andoli V., Coulibaly M., Randolph T., 1998. Analyse socio-économique de la filière des pesticides en Côte d’Ivoire, Série de Publication du Projet de Politique des Pesticides N° 06, November 1998, 112 pages
10. Glounaho D. (2012). Food security in Côte d’Ivoire. ANADER, Le Partenaire, n°17 Avril MaiJuin, 38p
11. Green J. (2016). The rise and future of glyphosate and glyphosate-resistant crops. Pest manage-ment science, pp.1035-1039
12. Guichard L., Dedieu F., Jeuffroy M.-H., Meynard J.-M., Reau R., Savini I., 2017, ” Le plan Écophyto de réduction d’usage des pesticides en France: décryptage d’un échec et raisons d’espérer “, Cahiers Agricultures, vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 1-12.
13. Guillaumet J. L. & Adjanohoun E., 1971. La végétation de la Cote d’Ivoire. In: Le milieu naturel de Côte d’Ivoire. Mémoires ORSTOM, 50, Paris (France), pp 161- 263
14. Ipou Ipou J., Danho M., Abo K., Touré A., Kra K.D., Akamou F., Bah B., Kouakou N.J., and Kouamé K.F., (2015): Phytosanitary Index 2015. Edition: Ministry of Agriculture (DPVCQ), FIRCA, WAAPP/PPAAO, 536p
15. Marnotte P., 1995. Utilisation des herbicides: contraintes et perspectives. Agriculture and dev-
a. elopment. CIRAD-CA Montpellier (France). 7, pp.
b. 12-21.
16. McCully K. & Klaus J., 2004. A guide to integrated weed management in strawberry crops. New Brunswick. Agriculture, Fisheries, and Aquaculture. 29p
17. N’guessan B. R., Adingra K. B. C., Komena B. K., Ipou Ipou J., 2019. Les Facteurs de Risques de la Modernisation de l’agriculture à Base de Pesti-cides dans la SousPrefecture de Tapeguia, Eu-ropean Scientific Journal May 2019 edition Vol.15, No.15, pp: 1857 – 7881.
18. Regehr D.L., (1993). Integrated weed management in agronomic crops, communication of the 4th International Conference I.F.O.A.M. Non-chimical Weed Control, Dijon, France, pp: 1722
19. Sangaré A., Koffi E., Akamou F. & Fall C. A., 2009. Second National Report: State of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, FAO Octo-ber 2009, Côte d’Ivoire, 63 p
20. UNIPHYTO (1997). Summary of the phytosanitary market in Côte d’Ivoire. Unpublished report,
21. Union de la Profession Phytosanitaire, Abidjan.
22. Yao L. C. 2016. Characterization of the main weeds found in food crop plantations in the LôhDjiboua Region (Lakota), in the Central-West of Côte d’Ivoire. Master thesis UFR BIOSCI-ENCES. Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, 63P.
23. Yao N. R., Goose A. F., N’Goran K. D., 2013. Etude de Vulnérabilité du Secteur Agricole face aux Changements Climatiques en Côte d’Ivoire. Report by the Ministry of Environment and Sus-tainable Development and UNDP, 105 p.