Apiculture Constraints and Opportunities in Diga and Wayu Tuka Districts


Apiculture Constraints and Opportunities in Diga and Wayu Tuka Districts


Amsalu Arega1, Hailu Mazengia2 and Muse Haile melekot2

1Bako Agricultural Research Center
2Bahirdar University, College of Agriculture and Environmental Science


American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences

The study was conducted in Diga and Wayu Tuka Districts to determine the constraints and opportunities of beekeeping. Questionnaire surveys was administered to 146 beekeepers (97.1% males). Majority of the respondents started beekeeping after 2010 (28.03%) by catching colonies as honey bee colony source (54.8%). The major dearth period of the area was late march to early may. The trend of beekeeping in the study area was shifting from traditional to modern beekeeping and the trend of honeybee colony and its yield was decreasing due to honeybee health problem of the area (pests, predators, pathogenic disease, high cost of bee equipment and agrochemical application). In the study area the major pests and predators considered as challenges were ants, beetles, wax moth, varroa destructor and some predators like honey badgers, honeybee eater birds, dead head hawks moth, lizards, wasps and birds respectively. For the reason of time restraint in this study area, farther study on the driving force of challenge and opportunity of beekeeping is suggested by monitoring throughout the year.


Keywords: Honeybees, opportunity, constraint, Oromia

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Amsalu Arega, Hailu Mazengia and Muse Haile melekot. Apiculture Constraints and Opportunities in Diga and Wayu Tuka Districts.American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2020, 3:21


References:

1. Adjare S. O. 1990.Beekeeping in Africa.Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations (FAO).Agricultural Services Bulletin 68/6, FAO, Rome, Italy.
2. Ajiao A.M. & Oladimeji, Y.U. 2013. Assessment of contribution of apicultural practices to Household income and poverty alleviation in Kwara State, Nigeria: International Jo. Sci. Vol.4 (4): 687-698.
3. Asaminew Tassew. 2015. Dynamics and Future Scenarios of Animal Production in Mixed Farming System of Northwestern Ethiopia. PHD Thesis.Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems & Centre for Development Research. Vienna, Austria.
4. Availability and Quality of the Food Supply (AFSSA). 2009. Weakening, collapse and mortality of bee colonies. http://www.afssa.fr/ Documents /SANT-Ra-MortaliteAbeilles.
5. Bekele Tesfaye, Genet Dadi and Temaro Gelgelu. 2017. Assessment of honeybee enemies (pests and predators) in Bale zone, Southeastern Ethiopia. Sci. Jo. of Animal Science. 6(3) 383-392.
6. Bo Hou, Linhai Wu. 2010. Safety impact and farmer awareness of pesticide residues, Food and Agricultural Immunology, 21: 191- 200.
7. CSA (central statistical agency). 2013. Agricultural sample survey 2012/2013, Volume II, Report on livestock and livestock characteristics. Addis Ababa. Statistical bulletin: 570.
8. CSA, 2011. Key Findings of the 2008/2009-2010/11 agricultural sample surveys for all sectors and seasons country summery. Central Statistics Authority. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
9. Desalegn Begna. 2001. Chalk Brood in Ethiopia. Holata Bee Research Centre, Ethiopia. Bees/or Development Journal 78.
10. Desta Gemedi, 2017. “Status of Honeybee Apis mellifera Bandasii Pests and Pathogens in Seka Chokersa District of Jimma Zone, Ethiopia”, International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences (IJRSB), 5, 12, 12-27, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.20431/2349-0365.0512003.
11. Gemechis Gizachew, Sefinew Alemu, Amssalu Bezabeh and Malede Berhan. 2013. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Bee Lice in Holata and its Surroundings, Ethiopia. Jo. Veterinary Sci. Technol, 4: 1-4.
12. Gemechis Legesse. 2014: Review of progress in Ethiopian honey production and marketing. Livestock Research for Rural Development.26, 14. Retrieved August, fromhttp://www.lrrd.org/lrrd26/1/lege26014.htm.
13. Gidey Yirga and Mekonen Teferi. 2010. Participatory Technology and Constraints Assessment to Improve the Livelihood of Beekeepers in Tigray Region, northern Ethiopia. Volume 2 (1): 76-92.
14. Govinda Bhandari. 2014. An Overview of Agrochemicals and Their Effects on Environment in Nepal. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2, 66-73. Doi: 10.12691/aees-2-2-5.
15. .
16. Kerealem Ejigu, Tilahun Gebey and Preston T.R. 2009.Constraints and prospects for apiculture research and development in Amhara region, Ethiopia. Livestock Res Rural Dev., 21(10): 1-14.
17. Kidane Mollaw. 2014. Assessment Of Beekeeping Practices And Honey Production In Mejhengir Zone Of Godere District, Gambella People National Regional State, Ethiopia.
18. Mulisa Faji and Fekadu Begna. 2017. Review of Opportunity and Challenges of Beekeeping in Ethiopia. Jo. Plant and Animal Sciences: 3(3): 053-060.
19. Musa L.M.A, Peters K.J and Ahmed M.K.A .2006. On farm characterization of Butana and Kenana cattle breed production systems in Sudan. Livestock research for rural development, 18 (12): 56-61.
20. Nuru Adgaba. 2007. Atlas of pollen grains of major honeybee flora of Ethiopia, Holata bee research center, Holata, Ethiopia.
21. Oliver R. 2012. Neonicotinoids: Trying To Make Sense of the Science. First published in Bee Journal, part 2.
22. SNV/ Ethiopia. 2005. Strategic intervention plan on honey & beeswax value-chains, snv support to business organizations and their access to markets (boam), 5.
23. Wasim A, Dwaipayan S and Ashim C. 2009.Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards. Interdisciplinary Toxicology 2(1) :1-12.
24. Wise Geek, 2015.Factors that affect agricultural productivity.http://blog.agrivi.com/post/factors-that-affect-agricultural-productivity