Review Article of American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience
Different statistical methods to collect information about the adverse effects of climatic factors on cotton production
Zakaria M. Sawan
Cotton Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture & Land Reclamation, 9 Gamaa Street, 12619, Giza, Egypt
This study investigates the statistical relationship between various climatic factors and overall flower and boll production. Also, predicting effects of climatic factors during different convenient intervals (in days) on cotton flower and boll production compared with daily observations. Further, collects information about the nature of the relationship between various climatic factors and cotton boll development and the 15-day period both prior to and after initiation of individual bolls. And, provide information on the effect of various climatic factors and soil moisture status during the development stage on flower and boll production in cotton. Evaporation, sunshine duration, relative humidity, surface soil temperature at 1800 h, and maximum air temperature, are the important climatic factors that significantly affect flower and boll production. The five-day interval was found to be more adequately and sensibly related to yield parameters. Evaporation; minimum humidity and sunshine duration were the most effective climatic factors during preceding and succeeding periods on boll production and retention. There was a negative correlation between flower and boll production and either evaporation or sunshine duration, while that correlation with minimum relative humidity was positive.
Keywords: cotton flower and boll production, evaporation, relative humidity, soil moisture status, sunshine duration, temperature
How to cite this article:
Zakaria M. Sawan. Different statistical methods to collect information about the adverse effects of climatic factors on cotton production. American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience, 2017; 1:1. DOI: 10.28933/ajbb-2017-01-0601
1. Barbour MM, Farquhar GD (2000) Relative humidity- and ABA-induced variation in carbon and oxygen isotope ratios of cotton leaves. Plant, Cell and Environment 23: 473-485.
2. Bhatt JG (1977) Growth and flowering of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) as affected by daylength and temperature. Journal of Agricultural Science 89: 583-588.
3. Boyer JS, Johnson RR, Saupe SG (1980) Afternoon water deficits and grain yields in old and new soybean cultivars. Agron J 72: 981-986.
4. Burke JJ, Mahan JR, Hatfield JL (1988) Crop specific thermal kinetic windows in relation to wheat and cotton biomass production. Agron J 80: 553-556.
5. Cady FB, Allen DM (1972) Combining experiments to predict future yield data. Agron J 64: 211-214.
6. Draper NR, Smith H (1966) Applied Regression Analysis. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., New York, NY. 407 pp.
7. El-Zik KM (1980) The cotton plant – its growth and development. Western Cotton Prod. Conf. Summary Proc., Fresno, CA, p. 18-21.
8. Guinn G (1982) Causes of square and boll shedding in cotton. USDA Tech. Bull. 1672. USDA, Washington, DC.
9. Gutiérrez Mas JC, López M (2003) Heat, limitation of yields of cotton in Andalucia. Agricultura, Revista Agropecuaria 72: 690-692.
10. Hearn AB, Constable GA (1984) The Physiology of Tropical Food Crops. Chapter 14: Cotton. P. 495-527 (Edited by Goldsworth, P.R.; Fisher, N.M.), John Wiley & Sons Ltd., NY. 664 pp.
11. Hodges HF, Reddy KR, McKinion JM, Reddy VR (1993) Temperature effects on cotton. Bulletin Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station No. 990: 15.
12. Holaday AS, Haigler CH, Srinivas NG, Martin LK, Taylor JG (1997) Alterations of leaf photosynthesis and fiber cellulose synthesis by cool night temperatures. In Proceedings Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 6-10, New Orleans, LA, National Cotton Council, TN pp 1435-1436.
13. Human JJ, Du Toit D, Bezuidenhout HD, De Bruyn LP (1990) The influence of plant water stress on net photosynthesis and yield of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). J Agron Crop Sci 164: 231-241.
14. Kaur R, Singh OS (1992) Response of growth stages of cotton varieties to moisture stress. Indian J Plant Physiol 35: 182-185.
15. Meek CR, Oosterhuis DM, Steger AT (1999) Drought tolerance and foliar sprays of glycine betaine. In Proceedings Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 3-7, Orlando, FL, USA. Memphis, USA. National Cotton Council, 559-561.
16. Mergeai G, Demol J (1991) Contribution to the study of the effect of various meteorological factors on production and quality of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) fibers. Bulletin des Recherches Agronomiqued de Gembloux 26: 113-124.
17. Miller JK, Krieg DR, Paterson RE (1996) Relationship between dryland cotton yields and weather parameters on the Southern Hig Plains. In Proceedings Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 9-12, Nashville, TN, USA, Memphis, USA, National Cotton Council, 1165-1166.
18. Moseley D, Landivar JA, Locke D (1994) Evaluation of the effect of methanol on cotton growth and yield under dry-land and irrigated conditions. In Proceedings Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 5-8, San Diego, CA, USA. Memphis, USA. National Cotton Council, 1293-1294.
19. Oosterhuis DM (1997) Effect of temperature extremes on cotton yields in Arkansas. In Proceedings of the Cotton Research Meeting, held at Monticello, Arkansas, USA, February 13 [Edited by Oosterhuis, D.M.; Stewart, J.M.]. Special Report-Agricultural Experiment Station, Division of Agriculture, University of Arkansas, No. 183: 94-98.
20. Orgaz F, Mateos L, Fereres E (1992) Season length and cultivar determine the optimum evapotranspiration deficit in cotton. Agron J 84: 700-706.
21. Reddy KR, Hodges HF, McKinion JM (1993) Temperature effects on Pima cotton leaf growth. Agron J 85: 681-686.
22. Reddy KR, Robana RR, Hodges HF, Liu XJ, Mckinion JM (1998) Interactions of CO2 enrichment and temperature on cotton growth and leaf characteristics. Environ Exp Bot 39: 117-129
23. SAS Institute, Inc (1985) SAS User’s Guide: Statistics. 5th ed. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC. pp. 433-506.
24. Sawan ZM (2013) Studying the relationship between climatic factors and cotton production by different applied methods. Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry 9: 251-278.
25. Sawan ZM (2014a) Climatic factors: evaporation, sunshine, relative humidity, soil and air temperature and cotton production. Annual Research & Review in Biology,4: 2835-2855.
26. Sawan ZM (2014b) Nature relation between climatic variables and cotton production. Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry 9: 251-278.
27. Sawan ZM, Hanna LI, Gad El Karim GhA, McCuistions WL (2002) Relationships between climatic factors and flower and boll production in Egyptian cotton (Gossypium barbadense). Journal of Arid Environment 52: 499-516.
28. Sawan ZM, Hanna LI, McCuistions WL (2005) Response of flower and boll development to climatic factors before and after anthesis in Egyptian cotton. Climate Research 29: 167-179.
29. Sawan ZM, Hanna LI, McCuistions WL (2006) Appropriate time scale for aggregating climatic data to predict flowering and boll setting behaviour of cotton in Egypt. Communication in Biometry and Crop Science 1: 11-19.
30. Sawan ZM, Hanna LI, McCuistions WL, Foote RJ (2010) Egyptian cotton (Gossypium barbadense) flower and boll production as affected by climatic factors and soil moisture status. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 99: 217-227.
31. Schrader SM, Wise RR, Wacholtz WF, Ort DR, Sharkey TD (2004) Thylakoid membrane responses to moderately high leaf temperature in Pima Cotton. Plant, Cell and Environment 27: 725-735.
32. Ward DA, Bunce JA (1986) Responses of net photosynthesis and conductance to independent changes in the humidity environments of the upper and lower surfaces of leaves of sunflower and soybean. J Exper Botany 37: 1842-1853.
33. Wise RR, Olson AJ, Schrader SM, Sharkey TD (2004) Electron transport is the functional limitation of photosynthesis in field-grown Pima cotton plants at high temperature. Plant, Cell and Environment 27: 717-724.
34. Xiao J-F, Liu Z-G, Yu X-G, Zhang J-Y, Duan A-W (2000) Effects of different water application on lint yield and fiber quality of cotton under drip irrigation. Acta Gossypii Sinica 12: 194-197.
35. Zhao D-L, Oosterhuis D (1997) Physiological response of growth chamber-grown cotton plants to the plant growth regulator PGR-IV under water-deficit stress. Environ Exper Botany 38: 7-14.
36. Zhou Z-G, Meng Y-L, Shi Pei, Shen Y-Q, Jia Z-K (2000) Study of the relationship between boll weight in wheat-cotton double cropping and meteorological factors at boll-forming stage. Acta Gossypii Sinica 12: 122-126.
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.