Nanotechnology: Transformation of agriculture and food security

Nanotechnology: Transformation of agriculture and food security

Muhammad Zubair Ghouri 2#, Zulqurnain Khan1#, Sultan Habibullah Khan2, Muhammad Ismail5, Syed Ovais Aftab4, Qaisar Sultan6, Aftab Ahmad2,3*

1Institute of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, MNS University of Agriculture, Multan, Pakistan; 2Center for Advanced Studies in Agriculture and Food Security (CAS-AFS), University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 3Department of Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad; 4Centre of Agricultural Biochemistry and Biotechnology (CABB), University of Agriculture, Faisalabad; 5Department of Forestry and Range Management, UAF, Faisalabad Pakistan; 6Department of Botany, GCUF, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Agriculture sector is the backbone of developing countries for their economy. Growing world’s population is putting more pressure on agriculture sector to address the crises of food security. Today, nanotechnology is working as technological advancement to solve problems related to food security and agriculture. Nanotechnology is providing efficient alternatives to increase the crop production by managing the insect/pests in agriculture in an eco-friendly manner. It also promotes plant efficiency to absorb nutrients. Nanotechnology in conjunction with genome editing tools like CRISPR/Cas, has been used as delivery tool for template DNA and proteins. In addition, nano-formulations based pesticides and insecticides are being used in agriculture to increase solubility, mobility and durability. Moreover, food processing, packing and storage has also been improved through nanomaterials applications. Although, nanotechnology applications are advancing in almost all fields, health and environmental safety concerns do exist. In this review we summarized exciting applications of nanotechnology in food and agriculture sector along with its prospective merits and associated risks.

Keywords:  Nanotechnology, Nanoparticles, Biosynthesis, Agriculture, Food Sciences, Environmental Sciences

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Muhammad Zubair Ghouri, Zulqurnain Khan, Sultan Habibullah Khan, Muhammad Ismail, Syed Ovais Aftab, Qaisar Sultan, Aftab Ahmad. Nanotechnology: Transformation of agriculture and food security. American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience, 2020; 3:19


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