Review Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews
Understanding Health Professionals about Preservation of Silence in the Intensive Care Unit During the Post-Heart Surgery Surgery: a Systematic Review
Celestino Maciel Pedrosa Junior1, Juliana Monteiro Costa2, Juliana Lucchesi Carneiro Leão Silva3, Maria do Carmo de Farias Andrade4
1Master’s student, Professional Master’s Degree in Health Psychology, Pernambuco School of Health and Clinical Hospital Psychologist, Royal Portuguese Hospital of Charity in Pernambuco.2PhD in Clinical Psychology from the Catholic University of Pernambuco and Permanent Professor of the Professional Master’s Degree in Health Psychology at the Pernambucana College of Health. 3PhD Student in Clinical Psychology at the Catholic University of Pernambuco and hospital psychologist at the Royal Portuguese Hospital of Charity in Pernambuco. 4Master student in Clinical Psychology, Catholic University of Pernambuco and Hospital Psychologist at the Royal Portuguese Hospital of Charity in Pernambuco.
Introduction: Through studies in the scientific literature about the measurement of sounds in the Intensive Care Unit environment, it is clear that the noise, continuous sound of equipment and those caused by the health team itself is excessive and above 85dB (decibels), favors increased sensitivity of patients to pain, irritation, post-traumatic stress and may cause psychomotor agitation, delirium, changes in heart rate and sleep. A peaceful environment can bring countless benefits to restoring the health of patients, as well as reducing the stress of professionals.
Objective: To analyze some research and studies published in Brazil about the noise in an Intensive Care Unit and the perception that professionals have about this topic.
Methods: A systematic literature review was performed with electronic search of articles indexed in PePSIC and SciELO databases, published from 2009 to 2019, in which the inclusion and exclusion criteria were considered.
Results: indicate that the noise in this type of place often presents with an oscillating intensity of moderate to intense. It is verified that there is from the professionals a certain level of understanding of the existence of noise in the ICU.
Considerations: Despite the finding by professionals about noise, it is also observed that there are few current publications about the awareness of health professionals regarding the importance of preserving a quieter environment and criteria that reinforce effective humanization interventions during the study. postoperative period of cardiac surgery in this type of environment.
Keywords: Noise, Intensive Care Unit, Cardiac Surgery, Humanization, Systematic Review.
How to cite this article:
Celestino Maciel Pedrosa Junior, Juliana Monteiro Costa, Juliana Lucchesi Carneiro Leão Silva, Maria do Carmo de Farias Andrade. Understanding Health Professionals about Preservation of Silence in the Intensive Care Unit During the Post-Heart Surgery Surgery: a Systematic Review.American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews, 2020, 3:9. DOI:10.28933/ajcrar-2020-01-2005
1. Zaher VL. Ética em psicologia aplicada à cardiologia. In Psicologia em cardiologia: novas tendências. Org. Almeida, CP e Ribeiro, AA. Campinas-SP: Ed. Alínea, 2008.
2. Souza KOJ e Pegoraro RF. Concepções de profissionais de saúde sobre humanização no contexto hospitalar: reflexões a partir da Psicologia Analítica. Rev Aletheia 29, p.73-87, jan./jun. 2009.
3. Sampaio Neto RA, Mesquita FOS, Paiva Junior MDS, Ramos FF, Andrade FMD e Correia Junior MSV. Ruídos na unidade de terapia intensiva: quantificação e percepção dos profissionais de saúde. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 22(4), p.369-374, 2010.
4. Romano, BW. Potencialidades dos locais físicos do hospital em desencadear reações psíquicas. In Princípios para a prática da psicologia clínica em hospitais. São Paulo-SP: Casa do Psicólogo, 1999, pag. 65.
5. Pattison N. Psychological implications of admission to critical care. Br J Nurs 2005; 14(13): 708-714.
6. Christofel HK, Madeiras JG, Bertolini SMMG, Oliveira JM. Análise do nível de ruído em unidade de terapia intensiva adulto. Revista Rene. 2016 jul-ago; 17 (4): 553-560.
7. Duarte ST, Matos M, Tozo TC, Toso LC, Tomiasi AA, Duarte PAD. Praticando o silêncio: intervenção educativa para a redução do ruído em unidade de terapia intensiva. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem. vol 65 nº2 Brasília Mar/abril 2012.