Pains and Challenges of Widowhood in Adamawa State, Nigeria

Pains and Challenges of Widowhood in Adamawa State, Nigeria

J. D. Kamatikibiu

Primary Health Care Authority, Gombi Local Government Area, Adamawa State, Nigeria

American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews

The main objective of the study was to investigate the pains and challenges of widowhood in Adamawa State, Nigeria. The data was collected through the use of questionnaires and oral interviews. Data generated were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results show that, majority of widows in Adamawa State are still young and sexually active with high reproductive tendencies that are within the age brackets of 20-30 (46.3%). Margi tribe had the majority (22.7%) widows who are mostly Christians (49.3%) with tertiary educational level of 31% and entrepreneurship of 37.3%. It was gathered that, 36.0% of widows had their marriage lives full of joy and happiness with high future expectations before the death of their husbands. The results also show that, 56.0% of the widows suffer greatly in processing the benefits of their deceased husbands. The findings show different levels of maltreatment experienced by widows across the state. It has been established that, at the initial stage of widowhood, most widows go to the cold shell of their homes to fight loneliness. Thus, the study would be of immense benefit to widows who are in need of practicable opportunity to reduce their pains and challenges. This is imperative, because the age-long cultural conception of marital expectations now seems inadequate for present day widows who have to grapple with new and multiple roles of breadwinning, physical protection, custodian of societal morality as well as caring, feeding and educating their children (most times all alone). The findings would be useful to the government, scholars, policy makers and opinion leaders in matters related to widows. Above all, professional counselors could benefit from the study in playing their roles as crisis managers and providers of relief materials to widows. On the basis of this awareness, counselors would be adequately equipped to counsel the widows, their in-laws, their relatives and significant others in the life of widows on the pains and challenges of widowhood. Public policy on poverty alleviation must seek to address the concerns of widows as a special vulnerable group. One way of doing this is to raise awareness about the plight of widows and the fact that many more women at very young ages are becoming widows with many children to cater for with slim chances for a place in the marriage market. The state working in collaboration with women groups and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) should evolve training programs to equip widows with skills in entrepreneurship so as to improve their economic status.

Keywords: Pains, Challenges, Widowhood, Adamawa, Nigeria

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How to cite this article:
Kamatikibiu. Pains and Challenges of Widowhood in Adamawa State, Nigeria. American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews, 2017,1:2.


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