Review Article of American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews
BREAST CANCER – REVIEWS
Effiong Edet Bassey
Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewing, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka-Nigeria
Breast cancer is the type of cancer that affects the breast. It is the most common invasive cancer in women. The incidence of breast cancer varies greatly around the world. It is lowest in less-developed countries and greatest in the more-developed countries. Types of breast cancers, Ductal carcinoma begins in the milk duct and is the most common type, labular carcinoma starts in the lobules, invasive breast cancer start when cancer cells break out from inside the lobules or duct and invade nearby tissue increasing to other parts of the body, while non-invasive is when the cancer is still inside its place of origin and has not broken out the first symptoms of the breast cancer are usually an area of thickened tissue in the breast or a lump in the breast or in an armpit.
The risk factors are, age, genetics, devise breast tissue eg Estrogen exposure and breast feeding, body weight, Alcohol consumption, Hormone treatment and radiation exposures. Diagnosis often occurs as a result of routine screening. Breast Examination, Imaging Tests, Biopsy, Radiation therapy, Sentinel node, Mastectomy and Lumpectomy. Treatment depends in types of breast cancer, stage of the cancer and sensitive of hormones: Eg Hormone blocking chemotherapy and surgery. Prevention based on avoiding excess alcohol, getting enough exercise, keeping healthy mess index and taking fresh fruits and vegetables. Good lifestyle is recommended E.g diet, exercise and weight loss recommend.
Keywords:Breast, cancer, Risk factors, diagnosis, treatment.
How to cite this article:
Effiong Edet Bassey.BREAST CANCER – REVIEWS. American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews, 2019,3:8
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