Effiong Edet Bassey

Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewing, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka-Nigeria

American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews

Breast cancer is the type of cancer that affects the breast. It is the most common invasive cancer in women. The incidence of breast cancer varies greatly around the world. It is lowest in less-developed countries and greatest in the more-developed countries. Types of breast cancers, Ductal carcinoma begins in the milk duct and is the most common type, labular carcinoma starts in the lobules, invasive breast cancer start when cancer cells break out from inside the lobules or duct and invade nearby tissue increasing to other parts of the body, while non-invasive is when the cancer is still inside its place of origin and has not broken out the first symptoms of the breast cancer are usually an area of thickened tissue in the breast or a lump in the breast or in an armpit.
The risk factors are, age, genetics, devise breast tissue eg Estrogen exposure and breast feeding, body weight, Alcohol consumption, Hormone treatment and radiation exposures. Diagnosis often occurs as a result of routine screening. Breast Examination, Imaging Tests, Biopsy, Radiation therapy, Sentinel node, Mastectomy and Lumpectomy. Treatment depends in types of breast cancer, stage of the cancer and sensitive of hormones: Eg Hormone blocking chemotherapy and surgery. Prevention based on avoiding excess alcohol, getting enough exercise, keeping healthy mess index and taking fresh fruits and vegetables. Good lifestyle is recommended E.g diet, exercise and weight loss recommend.

Keywords:Breast, cancer, Risk factors, diagnosis, treatment.

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Effiong Edet Bassey.BREAST CANCER – REVIEWS. American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews, 2019,3:8

1. Allen N.E., Beral V, and Casabonne D. (2009). Moderate alcohol intake and cancer incidence in women. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 101 (5): 296-305.
2. Aronowitz, Robert A. (2007). Unnatural history: breast cancer and American society. Cambridge University Press. 22-24.
3. Rehm J, Patra J, Popova S. (2007) Alcohol drinking cessation and its effect on esophageal and head and neck cancers: a pooled analysis. International Journal of Cancer 121 (5): 1132-. 1137.
4. Robb C., Haley W.E., Balducci L, Extramann M, Perkins EA, Small BJ, Mortimer J. (2007). Critical reviews in Oncologylhematology. Cancer Journal of Clinicians 62 (1): 84-91.
5. Russo J., and Russo I.H. (1980). Susceptibility of the mammary gland to carcinogenesis. Pregnancy interruption as a risk factor in tumor incidence. American Journal of Pathology 100: 497-512.
6. Mclaughlin, Hsieh C.C., MacMahon B., Lin T.M., Lowe C.R., Mirra A.P., Ravnihar B., Salber EJ., Valaoras V.G., and Yuasa S. (2015). Age at any birth and breast cancer risk. International Journal of Cancer 31 (4): 701-704
7. White E., Daling J.R., Norsted T.L., and Chu J. (2009). Rising incidence of breast cancel among young women in Washington State. Journal of National Cancer Institute 79: 239-43.
8. Xing P., Li J., and Jin F. (2010). A case-control study of reproductive factors associated with subtypes of breast cancer in Northeast China. Medical Oncology 27: 926-31.
9. Ye Z., Gao D.L., Qin Q., Ray R.M., and Thomas D.B. (2002). Breast cancer in relation to induced abortions in a cohort of Chinese women. British Journal of Cancer 87 (2): 17-21
10. Ziel H.K., and Finkle W.D. (2003) creased risk of endometrial carcinoma among users of conjugated estrogens. New England Journal of Medicine 293 (1): 1167-70.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details).

This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.