Review article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews
Servant leadership, Institutional Health and Effectiveness in Ethiopian Teacher Training Colleges
Fentahun Mengistu Bite
Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
The study was aimed to examine the practices and correlates among servant leadership, institutional health and effectiveness in Ethiopian Teacher Training Colleges. It was descriptive survey and correlation study conducted in sample teacher training colleges. In sum, 160 participants consisted of 52 academic staff (male=38; female=14), 54 administrative staff (male=23; female=31) and 54 students (male=43; female=11) were participated. Stratified and simple random sampling methods were employed to select samples. Mean, t-test, correlations and regressions were used to analyze data. In addition, the results were significant at p<0.05. As a result, the mean value for the practice of servant leadership in colleges understudy showed ‘middle’ or ‘sometime’ level. Besides, the Pearson correlation coefficient analysis indicated moderate positive relationships between servant leadership and organizational health (r= 0.663). The regression analysis result also showed that the contribution of servant leadership to institutional (college) health was found to be R2=0.440, F=123.924, P<0.05 indicating that 44% of the health of the institution (College) was explained by servant leadership practices and behaviors exhibited by leaders and staff in their respective work units. On top of this, Pearson correlation analysis was made between institutional health and effectiveness. As a result, it has showed statistically significant and strong positive correlation (r=0.723). It was also found out that 52.27% of institution’s (college’s) effectiveness or goal achievement was explained by healthy working conditions and environments created in each work unit. Moreover, the correlation between servant leadership and institutional (college) effectiveness also indicated statistically significant and moderate positive correlation (r= 0.612). Thus, among other factors, 37.45% of institution’s (college’s) effectiveness in goal achievement was determined by the application of servant leadership principles and behaviors. Therefore, to have conducive and healthy working institutions that give due care for their employees with service-oriented mindsets and enhance goal attainment as well as develop employees’ commitments for the job, leaders in sample colleges and others are advised to behave as servants for their constituents and apply servant leadership approach in their respective work contexts.
Keywords: Institutional Effectiveness, Institutional Health, Servant Leadership
How to cite this article:
Fentahun Mengistu Bitew. Servant leadership, Institutional Health and Effectiveness in Ethiopian Teacher Training Colleges. American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2018,3:18. DOI: 10.28933/ajerr-2018-02-1501
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