Scholars note that failing public schools are the civil rights issue of our day (Frankenberg, 2011; Orfield, 2004). The current discussion about school reform in the U.S. over the past two decades has shifted from one of equity to one based on excellence in the form of student achievement. A primary solution for student achievement has been popularized and made into dominant discourse through legislation such as No Child Left Behind (2001) and Race to the Top (2009). In this analysis, the author provides a historical context of the charter school movement as a backdrop for charter school enrollment trends and policy in Georgia. As charter schools in Georgia continue to gain popularity as a primary school choice option for African American students, it is essential that policymakers create charter legislation that encourages the creation of socioeconomically and racially diverse schools. Moreover, both policymakers and stakeholders in education need to decide to what end are we expanding choice, and what kinds of choice might get us closer to more integrated, and ultimately, democratic schools?
The concepts of learning and education, even if they have common semantic starting points, are synonymous, and in recent decades, there has been a shift towards the notion of learning as a dominant concept (Jarvis, 1995). Many scholars have tried to define the complex nature of learning. Jarvis (1995) considers that “learning is the process of transforming experience into knowledge, skills, attitude, values, feelings”. According to UNESCO, education is “organized teachings designed to convey a combination of knowledge, skills and understanding, valuable to all activities of life” (Jarvis, 1995). From the above we can conclude that education as a concept and as a process is more structured and more organized than learning, yet the concept of learning is wider and encompasses the concept of education, taking into account the fact that not all forms of learning have an educational character.
Design of reverse logistics network for the end-of-life automobiles based on sustainable development
From the point of view of sustainable development, a multi-objective mixed integer model to solve the problem of location and flow distribution of reverse logistics network of end-of-life automobiles. To reflect the various aspects of sustainable development, not only to minimize the objectives of economic cost and environmental cost, at the same time with the maximization of social benefits as the goal. Combined with the case, using the ideal point method by using lingo, it is concluded that the sustainable of scrapped automobile reverse logistics network optimization scheme. In addition, the impact of government subsidy on the sustainability of reverse logistics network is analyzed. In addition, the uncertainty of product recovery and the influence of government subsidy on the sustainable development of reverse logistics network are analyzed. The results show that end-of-life automobiles with more dismantled products have a greater impact on the sustainability of reverse logistics network, and government subsidies have an ideal interval to make the sustainability of reverse logistics network reach the best state.
In the field of port and shipping, the mutual interest relationship between the port and the shipping company has always been a hot topic.On the one hand, the port needs the shipping company to park its port operations to obtain economic benefits and social benefits.On the other hand, shipping companies have their own considerations when facing different types of ports, and must consider them from the perspectives of maximizing their own interests and optimizing service levels.In this paper, the Stackelberg model and the Nash equilibrium model in game theory are used to analyze the basis of the choice of the interests of the port and shipping enterprises to establish a multi-influence factor and multi-targeted model of the profit distribution of the port and shipping enterprises.According to the research in this paper, the appropriate cooperation between the two parties can further enhance the efforts of the port and shipping companies, and realize the rational distribution of interests between the port and the shipping company, so as to achieve a win-win situation in the entire port supply chain.
The purpose of this study is; It was aimed to determine the level of aggression of football fans in Bingöl. The sample of the study consists of 480 football fans who were selected by random sampling method in 2018-2019 season. The sampling of the study consisted of 480 participants, who were selected randomly from among football fans in Bingol in 2018-2019 season.In the study, “Aggression Inventory developed by İpekİlter KİPER and personal information form developed by the researcher were used as data collection tool.The Aggression Inventory that was developed by Ipek ILTER (Kiper) consists of 30 items and includes three sub-tests, which are;destructive aggression, reckless aggression, and passive aggression. Each sub-test consists of 10 questions in the inventory.SPSS 23.0 statistical package program was used to evaluate the data. Data were interpreted by giving mean and standard deviations. Data were interpreted by giving mean and standard deviations. Non-parametric Mann Whitney-U Test was used to test the significance of the difference between T test and ANOVA and aggressive behavior scale scores in independent groups. In addition, the Tukey test was used from multiple comparison tests to determine which group was the cause of the difference. The significance level was taken as p 0.05). In addition, no statistically significant difference was found between the parental occupation group and the parents’ self and stepmother status (P> 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the passive aggressive behavior of the fans according to the family income level (P
The presenWe often take for granted that students have the basic skills and mastery of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), however, it has been confirmed that not all students are equally competent in this regard. From the theories of socialization and acceptance of the technology, a structural equation model (SEM) is built to explore the variance in basic ICT skills levels of students at a business school. With the application of a questionnaire that measured in detail ICT skills of new students in a higher education institution in Mexico, the main findings show that according to the tables of impact value between constructs and the significance between constructs, the skills have a significant and significant negative impact on the side of anxiety / behavior and on the side of the utility there is a strong, significant impact.
The present paper offers a critical review of the article published under the title of “The Leadership Practices of the Dean of Combined Arms Academy”. The reviewed article aimed at examining the academic leadership practices of the Ethiopian Combined Army Academy’s Dean. Qualitative design was employed to attain its objective. Interview, observation and document review were employed as instruments of data collection. Hence, the reviewer followed theoretical, epistemological and methodological approaches to qualitative research sought to critically appraise the article. Accordingly, albeit the article was written in line with qualitative research approach, it had some limitations that lessen its empirical power. Bibliographic Citation “Tafere, M. (2014). The Leadership Practices of the Dean of Combined Arms Academy. International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies, 6(5), 70-79.”
The base soil is one of the nature’s most common construction materials. Almost all types of construction are built with or upon the soil since centuries till today. The most important and effective part of a road pavement is sub grade soil, its strength and stability. If strength of soil is poor, then stabilization is normally needed. Sub grade is sometimes stabilized or replaced with stronger soil material so as to improve the strength. Such stabilization is also suitable when the available subgrade is made up of weak soil and hence has poor stability. Increase in the sub grade soil, strength may lead to economy in the structural thicknesses of a pavement. The most commonly used materials for soil stabilization are Cement, fly ash, lime, fibers, polymers etc. In the present study, an attempt has been made to improve the properties of the gravel soil by adding bitumen emulsion. An attempt has been made to use the emulsion for improving the strength of gravel soil expressed in terms of CBR values which may prove to be economical and give better results. In this study, the whole laboratory work revolves around the basic properties of soil and its strength in terms of CBR. A little cement added to provide better soil strength. It is observed that excellent soil strength results have been achieved by using cationic bitumen emulsion (CMS) with little quantity of cement used as filler. The appropriate mixing conditions for gravelly soil with CMS bitumen emulsion are being first attempted. This is followed by deciding four particular material conditions to show the variation in dry density and CBR value to achieve the best possible strength properties of gravel soil.
This paper reviews the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) by students of Distance Learning Centre, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. There is no doubt that ICT is playing a vital role in Open and Distance Learning (ODL) in terms of enhancing the provision of immediate assistant to the learners for their academic and administrative needs in large scale. It has been established that services cannot be performed in distance learning centres using traditional institutional system all alone. Therefore, ICT tools application has been incorporated to meeting the requirements of learners at various phases of learning cycle viz the admission phase and other services. The heterogeneous requirements in open distance learning has culminated into issues and challenges needed to be addressed in usage of the technologies and the service(s) being provided through ICT. Survey research design with the aid of questionnaire was employed to elicit response from the respondents. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the sample size of this work. The effectiveness, stimulating factors, issues and challenges confronting ICT usage, purpose as well as other challenges encountered by staff and students of University of Ibadan DLC were emphasised. Recommendations were made based on the findings.
Under the background of new and old kinetic energy conversion, research on the integration and innovation of culture and packaging industry
Under the background of new and old kinetic energy conversion, based on the traditional culture and the outer packaging industry, with the modern design concept, digital art techniques to design a combination of traditional culture and modern packaging packaging forms, to achieve innovative finished product design. And through the use of internet thinking to achieve the extension of traditional culture and the transformation of commercial value, effectively promote the upgrading of the level of traditional industries.