Review article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews
Holistic Global Citizenship Education & Global Entrepreneurship for the Challenge of the 21st Century
Young-Gil Kim, Ph. D
Chairman of UN Academic Impact Korea
Founding &Emeritus President of Handong Global University, Pohang, Korea
The 21st Century brought global issues the world has never faced before. Climate challenge and destruction of the environment raise the issues of ecological preservation. Poverty and youth unemployment precipitates the issues of social inclusion. Extreme violence and moral hazard bring up the issue of social inclusion. These challenges are interconnected. It cannot solve all of them by improving one of them. Then how can we solve them? It is only possible when we address the fundamental causes. What are the basic causes of challenge? They are mainly originated by man-made and man-induced behavior and characteristics. Humanity stands at the center of these global challenges. The key solution is changing human beings. How can we change human beings? The only solution is education. Through education, we can transform the human mind and tide over the unprecedented 21st Century.
However, the current education system does not provide solutions to global challenges. It mainly pursues the economic growth and development. Schools and universities focus on building competences rather concentrate raising human resources to prepare the future. We need a new educational paradigm not only to train expertise, but also to cultivate the mind sets, value and attitudes to engage in global issues. The paradigm should bring the realization that we exist, not merely as an independent person, but interdependent beings mutually interconnected. It should also address interdependence of economy, environment and society, in order to make the world sustainable.
Global Citizenship Education (GCED) has received the spot light as a new education paradigm to the formation and cultivation of global citizen. It considers overall global perspectives to open people’s eye and mind to the realities of the world. Hence. It is not only the issue of academy, but also issue of economy, environment and society. It is the issue of all of us. Global citizenship does not imply a legal status, referring more to sense of belonging to broader global community and a common humanity.
True education for human beings is not only conveying and transmitting knowledge but also cultivating the intellectual, moral, and spiritual realm beyond one’s physical body. Education means much more than passing on knowledge content to our students. It will also mean shaping their character and life. Holistic GCED is a key to transform human mind and our world. Holistic GCED requires a new educational content, transformative pedagogy, and actual practice worldwide. Holistic comprehensive education empowers people with the knowledge, skills and values they need to build a better world. Sustainable entrepreneurial success is predicated on strict adherence to honesty and integrity. Honesty, integrity, responsibility, and love are the essence of holistic GCED. The holistic global higher education is the key factor for achieving economic, social, and sustainable development in the 21st Century
Keywords: Holistic Global Citizenship Education, Honesty, Integrity, Responsibility and Love
How to cite this article:
Young-Gil Kim. Holistic Global Citizenship Education & Global Entrepreneurship for the Challenge of the 21st Century, 2018,3:25. DOI: 10.28933/ajerr-2018-05-0302
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