Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews
Relationship among Parenting Styles, Prosocial Behavior and School Performance of Students Who are Attending to Grade Seven and Eight State Schools
Alemayehu Belay Emagnaw1,2 and Jian-zhong Hong2
1Department of School and Counseling Psychology, Faculty of Educational and Behavioural Sciences ,Woldia University,Ethiopia; 2School of Psychology,Central China Normal University
The purpose of this study was to examine parenting style, prosocial behavior and students school performance in junior school. In addition, this study attempted to examine the level of parenting styles in their children school performance. Two ten hundred adolescents (Mean age = 14.9 years) measured their own prosocial behaviors, their perceptions of parenting styles of their parents and collected their academic scores from the record office of the schools. Questionnaires were used to collect data. Quantitative analyses (both descriptive and inferential statistics) were used to analyze the obtained data. The data collected were analyzed employing different statistical techniques like correlation, multiple regression, and path analysis. Analysis of the data revealed that parenting styles do have significantly higher involvement in their children’s school performance. Parenting styles have an effect on prosocial behavior of adolescents. Path analysis of the data showed that prosocial behavior has statistically significant contribution to the students school performance. Prosocial behavior also has mediate effect between parenting styles and school performance. The current study has significant implications for parents, schools, government and non government sectors and practitioners who are concerned about promoting adolescents’ positive behaviors and performance and discouraging negative behaviors.
Keywords: Parenting styles, prosocial behavior, adolescence, school performance
How to cite this article:
Alemayehu Belay Emagnaw and Jian-zhong Hong. Relationship among Parenting Styles, Prosocial Behavior and School Performance of Students Who are Attending to Grade Seven and Eight State Schools. American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2018,3:32.
1. Abar, B., Carter, K. L., & Winsler, A. (2009). The effects of maternal parenting style and religious commitment on self-regulation, academi achievement, and risk behavior among African-American parochial college students. Journal of Adolescence, 32, 259-273.
2. Aunola, K., Stattin, H., & Nurmi, J.-E. (2000). Parenting styles and adolescents’ achievement strategies. Journal of Adolescence, 23(2), 205–222.
3. Baumrind, D. (1966). Effects of authoritative parental control on child behavior. Child Development. 37, 887-907.
4. Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychology Monographs. 4 (1, Pt.2).
5. Baumrind, D. (1991). Effective parenting during the early adolescent transition. Advance sin family research 2. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
6. Bean, R. A., K.R. Bush, et al. (2003). The impact of parental support, behavioral control, and psychological control on the academic achievement and self-esteem of African American and European American adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 18(5), 523-541.
7. Buri, J. R. (1991). Parental authority questionnaire. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57(1), 110–119.
8. Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Pastorelli, C., Bandura, A., & Zimbardo, P. G. (2000). Prosocial foundations of children’s academic achievement. Psychological Science, 11(4), 302-306. doi: 10.1111/1467-9280.00260.
9. Carlo, G., & Randall, B.A. (2002). The development of a measure of prosocial behavior for late adolescents. Faculity publication, department of psychology, P70.
10. Carlo, G., Hausmann, A., Christiansen, S., & Randall, B. A. (2003). Sociocognitive and Behavioral Correlates of a Measure of Prosocial Tendencies for Adolescents. Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology, P4.
11. Carlo, G., Mestre, M.V., Samper, P., Tur, A., & Armenta, B.E. (2010). The longtudnal relations among dimensions of parenting styles, sympathy, prosocial moral reasoning, and prosocial behaviors. International Jornal of Behavioral development, 35(2) 116-124. doi:10.1170/0165025410375921.
12. Chandler, M. (2006). The influence of parenting style and ethnicity on academic self efficacy and academic performance. Unpublished Senior Honors Thesis, Texas A & M University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/3717 on 13/05/2018.
13. Chandler, T. A., Cook, B. A., & Wolf, F. M. (1979). Sex differences in self-reported achievement motivation. Psychological Reports, 44(2), 575-581.
14. Crosswhite, J. M., & Kerpelman, J. L. (2009). Coercion theory, self-control, and social information processing: Understanding potential mediators for how parents influence deviant behavior. Deviant Behavior, 30(7): 611-46. doi:10.1006/jado.2000.0308.
15. Eisenberg et al. (2006 ). Relation of Emotion-Related Regulation to Children’s Social Competence: A Longitudinal Study. Emotion, 6(3): 498–510.
16. Eisenberg, N., & Fabes, R.A. (1998). Prosocial development. Handbook of child psychology.
17. Social, emotional, and personality development (pp 701–778). New York, John Wiley and Sons.
18. Ginsburg, G. S., & Bronstein, P. (1993). Family factors related to children’s intrinsic/extrinsic motivational orientation and academic performance. Child Development, 64(5), 1461–1474.
19. Hastings, P. D., Utendale, W., T, & Sullivan, C. (2007). The socialization of prosocial development. Handbook of Socialization (pp638-664). Guilford publication.
20. Hastings, P. D., Utendale, W., T, & Sullivan, C. (2007). The socialization of prosocial development. Handbook of Socialization (pp638-664). Guilford publication.
21. Hickman, G. P., & Crossland, G. L. (2004). The predictive nature of humor, authoritative arenting style, andacademic achievement on indices of initial adjustment and commitment to college among college freshmen.Journal of College Student Retention: Research, heory & Practice, 6(2), 225–245.
22. Hickman, G. P., Bartholomae, S., & McKenry, P. C. (2000). Influence of parenting styles on the adjustment and academic achievement of traditional college freshmen. Journal of College Student Development, 41(1), 41–54.
23. Hoffman, M. L. (1982). Development of prosocial motivation: Empathy and guilt. In N. Eisenberg (Ed.), The development of prosocial behavior (pp. 281-313). New York: Academic Press.
24. Joshi, Ferris, Otto, & Regan . (2003). Parenting styles and academic achievement in college students’. Psychological Reports, 2003,93, 823-828.
25. Kidron, Y., & Fleischman, S. (2006). Promoting adolescents’ prosocial behavior. Educational Leadership, 63(7), 90-91.
26. Lam, C. M. (2012). Prosocial involvement as a positive youth development construct: A conceptual review. The Scientific World Journal, 8, doi:10.1100/2012/769158.
27. Lam, C. M. (2012). Prosocial involvement as a positive youth development construct: A conceptual review. The Scientific World Journal, 8, doi:10.1100/2012/769158.
28. Lamborn, S., Mounts, N., Steinberg, L., & Dornbusch, S. (1991). Patterns of competence and adjustment among adolescents from authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent and neglectful families. Child development. 62(5), 1049-1065.
29. Maccoby, E. E., & Martin, J. (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: Parent child interaction. In E. M. Hetherington (Ed.), P. H. Mussen (Series Ed.), Hand book of child psychology: Socialization, personality, and social development (vol. 4, pp. 1-101). New York: Wiley.
30. Maccoby, E. E., & Martin, J. (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: Parent child interaction. In E. M. Hetherington (Ed.), P. H. Mussen (Series Ed.), Hand book of child psychology: Socialization, personality, and social development (vol. 4, pp. 1-101). New York: Wiley.
31. Masud, H., Thurasamy, R., & Ahmad, M.S. (2014). Parenting styles and academic achievement of young adolescents: A systematic literature review. Quality and Quantity. doi 10.1007/s11135-014-0120-x.
32. Mehrafza M.(2014).The relationship between parenting style and creativity of student achievement in the third year of Tabriz [dissertation]. Tabriz: Medical school; Persian.
33. Pinquart, M. (2015). Associations of parenting styles and dimensions with academic achievement in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. Educational Psychology Review, 28, 475-493. doi 10.1007/s10648-015-9338-y.
34. Rivers, J., Mullis, A. K., Fortner, L. A., & Mullis, R. L. (2012). Relationships between parenting styles and the academic performance of adolescents. Journal of Family Social Work, 15(3), 202–216.
35. Spera, C. (2005). A review of the relationship among parenting practices, parenting styles, and adolescent school achievement. Educational Psychology Review, 17(2), 125–146.
36. Spera, C. (2005). A Review of the relationship among parenting practices, parenting styles, and adolescent school achievement. Educational Psychology Review, 17, 125-146.
37. Strage, A. A. (2000). Predictors of college adjustment and success: Similarities and differences among Southeast-Asian-American, Hispanic and White students. Education, 120(4), 731-740.
38. Strage, A., & Brandt, T. (1999). Authoritative parenting and college student’s academic adjustment and success. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91(1), 146-156.
39. Turner, E. A., & Heffer, R. W. (2005). Parental influences on academic performance and attitudes toward achievement. Retrieved from http://psychology.tamu.edu/ posters/earlturner2005.pdf on 03/04/2018.
40. Turner, E. A., & Heffer, R. W. (2005). Parental influences on academic performance and attitudes toward achievement. Retrieved from http://psychology.tamu.edu/ posters/earlturner2005.pdf on 03/04/2018.
41. Turner, E. A., & Heffer, R. W. (2005). Parental influences on academic performance and attitudes toward achievement. Retrieved from http://psychology.tamu.edu/ posters/earlturner2005.pdf on 03/04/2018.
42. Turner, E. A., Chandler, M., & Heffer, R. W. (2009). Influence of parenting styles, achievement motivation, and self-efficacy on academic performance in college students. Journal of College Student Development, 50(3), 337-346.
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.