Rubrics 101: What, When and How


Rubrics 101: What, When and How


Larry Beard, Joesph Akpan, Charles E. Notar (Emeritus), Larry Beard

Jacksonville State University


American journal of educational research and reviews

Alternative assessment is any type of assessment other than standardized tests/ achievement tests. Alternative assessments include observations, interviews, record reviews, and performance reviews that are less structured than formal assessments and may not be validated or tested for reliability. Examples of alternative assessments include portfolios, interest inventories, work samples, journals, observations, checklists, teacher made tests, and anecdotal records. This article pertains to the scoring of these types of alternative assessment using rubrics. As the title of this article implies, creating rubrics, rules for writing, scoring systems (checklists, rating scales, and holistic) will be provided along with a comparison of the three and errors that can be found that will decrease the validity of findings.


Keywords: alternative assessment, checklists, holistic rating, rating scales, rubrics


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How to cite this article:
Larry Beard, Joesph Akpan, Charles E. Notar (Emeritus). Rubrics 101: What, When and How. American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2019,4:44. DOI: 10.28933/ajerr-2018-12-1408


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