Curriculum Content, Ownership Of Universities, Work Experience And Acquisition Of Employability Skills Among Business Education Graduates Of Universities In Cross River State, Nigeria


Curriculum Content, Ownership Of Universities, Work Experience And Acquisition Of Employability Skills Among Business Education Graduates Of Universities In Cross River State, Nigeria


David Asuquo Edet

Department of Vocational Education, University of Calabar, Nigeria


American journal of educational research and reviews

This paper x-rayed curriculum content, ownership of universities, work experience and acquisition of employability skills among business education graduates of universities in Cross River State, Nigeria. Two formulated research hypotheses guided this study. Literature was reviewed in line with the variables under study. The research design adopted was survey. The population for the study was 987 business education graduates between 2007/2008 and 2014/2015 academic sessions from the University of Calabar (UNICAL) and Cross River University of Technology (CRUTECH). The sample of the study was 200 business education graduates drawn purposively using accidental and snowballing sampling techniques. A validated researcher- made four point scale questionnaire titled ‘Curriculum Content, ownership of universities, work experience and Acquisition of Employability Skills Questionnaire (CCOUWEESQ) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by four research experts. A reliability estimate of .70 to .82 was achieved for the instrument using Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient after a pilot test. The data obtained from the field was converted into values and analyzed using independent t-test statistical technique. All hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance. Findings revealed among others that graduates of federal university exposed to business education curriculum content are significantly different from their state university counterparts in their acquisition of employability skills. Based on this, it was recommended that government should accord equal recognition, support and provision (in terms of funding, capacity building and infrastructural spread) to both federal and state universities in a way that obvious preference for one category over the other is not perceived. Doing so may erode the dichotomized feelings of being either in a federal or state university from the minds of the students, and rather fix their focus on quality learning that results in the acquisition of employability skills.


Keywords: Curriculum content, ownership of universities, work experience, business education, graduates, employability skills

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
David Asuquo Edet. Curriculum Content, Ownership Of Universities, Work Experience And Acquisition Of Employability Skills Among Business Education Graduates Of Universities In Cross River State, Nigeria. American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2020,5:73. DOI: 10.28933/ajerr-2020-05-1105


References:
1. Adebakin, A. B., Ajadi, O. T. & Subair, S. T. (2015). Required and possessed universities graduate employability skills: perceptions of the Nigerian employers. World Journal of Education, 5(2), 115-121. Doi:10.5430/wje.v5n2p115
2. Ali, S. (2013). Factors affecting academic achievement of students. American Journal of Educational Research, 1 (8), 283-289
3. Anho, J. E. (2011). An Evaluation of the quality and employability of graduates of Nigerian universities. African Journal of social Sciences, 1(1), 179-182.
4. Aquah, P. A. (2014). Enriching the business education curriculum for relevance in the global workplace. Global Journal of Human – Social Science: G. Linguistic & Education, 14(7), 31-35.
5. Arikewuyo, M. O. & Ilusanya, G. (2014). Towards assuring quality in private universities in Nigeria. Journal of Educational Review, 7(4), 565-569.
6. Asuquo, A. E. & Agboola, B. M. (2014). Nigerian universities outputs and their employability in the labour markets in south-south, Nigeria. American Journal of Educational Research, 2(12), 1244-1249, doi:10./12691/education-2-12-18
7. Australian Association of Graduates Employers (2001). 2011 AAGE Employer survey. Sydney, NSW, Australia: AAGE
8. Bamiro, O. A. (2012). Tertiary education in Nigeria and the challenge of corporate governance. Speech at the TETFund year 2012 strategic planning workshop held at the Idris Abubakar Audi-torium, National Universities Commission, Maitaima, Abuja, 7th to 8th August, 2012
9. Bates, M. J. (2008). Preparing professionals for autonomy: workplace-based courses in professional education: UDN Dr. Muller
10. Bennett, T. M. (2006). Defining the importance of employability skills in career/ technical education. Dissertation project information and learning company
11. Billett, S. (2011). Learning in the circumstances of work: the didactics of practice. Education at didactique, 125-146. Doi:10.4000/education didactique.1251
12. Business Dictionary (n.d.). Definition of work experience, www.businessdictionary.com.definition
13. Chillas, S., Marks, A., & Gallowway, L. (2015). Learning to labour: An evaluation of internships and employability in the ICT sector. New Technology, work and employment, 30 (1), 1-15
14. Coll, R., Eames, R., Paku, L., Lay, M., Hodges, D., Bhat, R., Ram, S., Ayling, D., Fleming, J. Ferkins, L., Wiersma, C. & Martin, A. (2009). An exploration of the pedagogies employed to integrate knowledge in work- integrated learning. Journal of Cooperative Education ND Internship, 43, (1), 14-35
15. Confederation of British Industry (CBI), (2011). Building for growth: Business priorities for education and skills-education and skills survey 2011. London, United Kingdom: Author
16. Conference Board of Canada (CBC) (2000). Employability skills toolkits for the self -managing learner (1st ed.) ISBN-10:0070878471, Pp. 10.
17. Council of Ontario University (2014). Bringing life to learning at Ontario University. Experiential learning report. Toronto: Council of Ontario University. Retrieved from http://.www.cou.on.ca/reports/bringing-life-to learning/
18. Daisi, K. (1997). Legal, Policy and Organizational Framework for the Campaign against examination malpractices and students’ cults. A paper presented at the National Summit on the legal, policy and organizational framework, International Conference Centre, Abuja, 2-4 December.
19. Ekpenyong, L. E. (1988). Vocational content in the national curriculum for Nigerian secondary schools: How industry can help? The vocational aspect of education, 40(106), 57-62
20. Enahoro, J. A. & Badmus, A. (2013). Emergence of private universities in Nigeria and monitoring standard between 2002 and 2012. American Journal of Business and Management, 2(1), 59-64. Doi: 10.11634/216796061302258.
21. Fapohunda, O. (2017, February 2017). List of accredited/approved universities in Nigeria (up-dated)
22. Federal Republic of Nigeria (2004). National Policy on Education (4th ed.) Lagos: NERDC
23. Folola, H. O., Ibidunni, A. S., Salau, O. P. & Ojo, I. S. (2016). Skill management and universities competitiveness: An empirical evidence of Nigerian private universities. The Social Science, 11(6), 952-957.
24. Gault, J., Leach, E., & Duey, M. (2010). Effects of business internships on job marketability: the employers’ perspective. Education and Training, 52 (1), 76-88. Doi: 10.1108/00400911011017690
25. Ibrahim, H. & Jaaffar, A. H. (2017). Employers’ perspective on work-integrated learning: Evidence from Malaysian manufacturing and service companies. International Journal of Business Management, 2 (1),
26. Jackson, D. (2013). The contribution of work-integrated learning to undergraduate employability skill outcomes. Asia-pacific Journal of cooperative Education, 14 (2), 99-115
27. Jackson, D. (2016). Re-conceptualizing graduate employment: The importance of pre-professional identity. Higher Education Research and Development, 35(5), 925-939. Doi:10.1080/07294360.2016.1139551
28. Jackson, D., Ferns,S., Rowbottom, D. & McLaren, D. (2015). Working together to achieve better work-integrated learning outcomes: improving productivity through better employer involvement. Retrieved from http://www.acen.edu.au/wp-content/upload/2016/06/working-toghther-to achieve-better-WIL-outcome.pdf
29. Jayanthi, S. U., Balakrishman, S. Ching, A.L. S., Latiff, N.A.A & Nasirudeen, A. M. A. (2014). Factors contributing to academic performance of students in a tertiary institution in Singapore. American Journal of Educational Research, 2 (9), 752-758. Doi:10.12691/education-2-9-8
30. Kathleen, C. (2005). Developing employability skills. Regional educational laboratory School Improvement Research Series (SIRS).
31. Kayode, M. O. (2002). Managing change in a Nigerian university setting. Ibadan: University Press.
32. Khalid, N., Hamid, N. A.A., Salin, R., Othman, N., Awang, A. H. & Nur, M.F.M. (2014). Importance of soft skills for industrial training program: Employers’ perspective. Asian Journal of Social Science & Humanities, 3 (4), 10-18
33. Marjahan, B., & Newman, R. (2009). Evaluation of students’ experiences of developing transferable skills and business using a business simulation game. Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Inter-national Conference on Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE ‘09), ACM press, NJ, USA, 92-97
34. Martin, A. J., Rees, M. Edwards, M. Paku, L. (2012). An organization overview of pedagogical practice in work-integrated education. Asia-pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, 13 (1), 23-37
35. McCauley, C. & Wakefield, M. (2006). Talent management in the 21st century: Help your company find, develop and keep its strongest workers. Journal For Quality And Participation, 29 (4), 4-7
36. McConomy, S. (2010). Work experience and in-ternship. University of Ulster
37. Mcllveen, P., Brooks, S., Lichtenberg, A., Smith, M., Torjul, P. & Tyler, J. (2011). Career development learning frameworks for work-integrated learning in S. Billett & A. Henderson (eds.), Developing learning professionals: integrating experiences in university and practice settings, 149-165. Dordrechti Springer.
38. Middlehurst, R. (2001). Quality assurance implications of new forms of higher education. European Network for Quality Assurance In Higher Education. Helsinki needs publisher.
39. Mike, U. (2014). Importance of skill acquisition: Dynamics of skill acquisition: A constraints-led approach.
40. Munishi, E. J. (2016). Factors contributing to lack of employability skills among technical and vocational education graduates in Tanzania. Business Education Journal, 1 (2),1-19
41. Munro, J. (2007). Fostering international referenced vocational knowledge: a challenge for the international circular. Journal of Research and International Education, 6, 67-93. Doi: 10.1177/1475240907024790
42. National Universities Commission (NUC) (2007). Benchmark Minimum Academic standards (BMAS) for undergraduate program in Nigerian universities, Abuja, Nigeria.
43. National Universities Commission NUC (2006).Webomatric Ranking of World Universities: Matters Arising. Monday Memo, NUC, Abuja, 5(11), 1-10.
44. Nwagwu, W.E. & Agarin, O. (2008). Nigerian university websites: A webometric analysis. Retrieved from www.webology.org/2008/v5n4/a65.html
45. Okebukola, P. A. (2006, July 10). Intensive re-training program for graduate of universities for better quality and standard. A keynote address at the First Oyo State Education Summit, Ibadan
46. Oladipo, A; Adeosun, O. & Oni, A. (2009). Quality assurance and sustainable university education in Nigeria. Retrieved from http://aadcice.hiroshimau.ac.jp/e/publication/sosho41-09.pdf.
47. Omar, M. K., Bakar, A. R. & Mat-Rashid, A. (2012). Employability skills acquisition among Malaysian Community College Students. Journal of Social Sciences, 8(3), 472-478. http://dx.doi.org/10.3844/jssp.2012.472.478.
48. Orner, M.M. (2009). Employability skill acquisition of career and technical education students. 1st Edn., Duqueswe University, ISBN:1109201214, 150
49. Paisey, C., & Paisey, N. J. (2010). Developing skills via work placement in accounting: students and employer views. Account Forum, 34 (2), 89-108. Doi:10.1016/j.accfor.2009.06.001
50. Rowe, A. D. & Zegwaard, K. E. (2017). Developing graduate employability skills and attributes: curriculum enhancement through work- integrated learning. Asia-pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, special issue, 18 (2) 89-99
51. Sat, M.M., Yusoff, R. M., & Panatik, S, A. (2014). The effect of industrial training on ethical awareness of final year students in a Malaysian public university. Asia-pacific Education Review, 15 (1), 115-125
52. Smith, C., Ferns, S., & Russell, L. (2014). The impact of work-integrated learning on students readiness. Final Report. Sydney: office for learning and teaching, Australia. Retrieved from http://www.olt.gov.av/resource-impact-work-integrated-learning-student-work-readiness.
53. Smith, J., Meijer, G., & Kielly-Coleman, N. (2010). Assurance of learning: the role of work-integrated learning and industry partners. In M. Campbell (Ed.), work-integrated learning: Responding to challenges, 409-419, Perth, WA: Australian Collaborative Education Network (ACEN)
54. Tony, O. A. (2014). The challenges of human resources development in Nigerian private universities. Journal of Business Management and Social Sciences Research, 3(2), 1-9.
55. Trede, F. (2012). Role of work-integrated learning in developing professionalism and professional identity. Asia-pacific journal of Cooperative Education, 13 (3), 159-167
56. Wikipedia free encyclopedia (2014). Definition of work experience. Retrieved August 23rd, 2017