Research Article of American Journal of Geographical Research and Reviews
Remote Sensing and GIS Assessment of a Typical African Urban City: A Case Study of Ibadan, Nigeriadistrict
Williams W. Edobor1, Innocent E. Bello2
1Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Faculty of Social Sciences, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
2National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA), PMB 437 Garki 2, Airport Road, FCT-Abuja, Nigeria
Ibadan, a typical West African City, emerged from a traditional rural land use as a result of its socio-economic, educational, traditional and political uses. The perceived rapid growth of the now peripheral areas from the core Central Business District (CBD) tends to undermine a regimented planned land use system and as such constituting a menace to government zoning plans. This paper, therefore, synthesizes three epochs remotely sensed satellite images: 1972 Landsat (MSS), 1986 Landsat Thematic Mapping(TM) and 2000 Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+) obtained from the USGS glcf website to examine the observed changes in land cover and land use pattern as well as urban growth process in Ibadan. GIS and remote sensing methods were used for image-processing, classification, and results from analyses. The study showed that in 1972, the buildup was 107 km2, it increased to 192 km2 in 1986 and almost doubled in 2000 (381 km2). The 2010 projection was 760 km2 and it is projected to 1520 km2 in 2020. The study further indicates that the city follows a trend of doubling in area size at least in every ten years. Decongesting the CBD through the provision of social amenities in the proximal urban fringes and rural areas are considered the most potent ways to remedy the seemingly urban menace
Keywords: GIS, Landcover/Landuse, Remotely Sensed Imageries, Rural-Urban, Urban Growth
How to cite this article:
Williams W. Edobor and Innocent E. Bello. Remote Sensing and GIS Assessment of a Typical African Urban City: A Case Study of Ibadan, Nigeria. American Journal of Geographical Research and Reviews, 2017; 1:2. DOI:10.28933/AJGRR-2017-11-2901
1 Adediran, P. K. Ibadan urban sprawl problem: A challenge to urban and regional planning. Unpublished M.Sc. Urban and regional Planning. Thesis submitted to the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. (1984).
2 Adegun, O. B. Shelter and the future African city. The Built & Human Environment Review. (2011). 4 (2): 67-81.
3 Adesina, A. O. Legibility and the Nigerian Urban Environment. Experiences from Ilorin: In; Knorr-Held, (etd). A shared component model for detecting joint and selective clustering of two diseases. J. Roy. Statist. Soc., Ser. A, (2003). 164, 73 (85).
4 Afolayan, A.A. Migration, Social Links and Residential Mobility in the Ibadan Region; A Case Study of Ojoo and Sasa Residents; In Ibadan Region, Department of Geography, Ibadan, (1994). p. 123.
5 Arvind, C. P. and Nathawat, M.S. Land use Land Cover Mapping Through Digital Image Processing of Satellite Data – A case study from Panchkula, Ambala and Yamunanagar Districsts, Haryana State, India. (2006).
6 Ayedun, C.A. Durodora, O.D and Akinjare O.A. Towards Ensuring Sustainable Urban growth and Development in Nigeria: Challenges and Strategies. Journal of Business Management by nomics. (2011). 1(2): 99-104.
7 Ayeni B. Concepts and Techniques in Urban Analysis. London, Croom Helm; New York, St. Martins Press. (1994).
8 Balogun, T. F. An integrated Remote Sensing and GIS Approach in monitoring urban Expansion: A case study of Benin City. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis submitted to the Department of Geography and Planning Sciences, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Nigeria. (2007).
9 Boyd, D.S. Physical Basis of Remote Sensing. Journal of Geoinformatics. (2005). Vol. 1
10 Chukwu, G.U.; Ijeh, B.I. and Olunwa, K.C. Application of Landsat imagery for Landuse Landcover Analysis in the Afikpo Sub-basin of Nigeria. International Research Journal of Geology and Mining, (2013). 3(2): 67-81.
11 Canadian Centre for Remote Sensing An assessment of SPOT X and Landsat MSS data for digital classification of near-urban land cover. International Journal of Remote Sensing. (1992). 11(2): 225-235.
12 Congalton, R. G. Accuracy Assessment: A Critical Component of Land Cover Mapping. Gap Analysis. American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. (1996). pp. 119 – 131.
13 Cushnie, J.L. The interactive effect of spatial resolution and degree of internal variability within land-cover types on classification accuracies. Journal of Photogrammetric Engr. and Remote Sensing, (1987). 8(1): 15-29.
14 Daramola, A. and Ibem, E. O. Urban Environmental Problems in Nigeria: Implications for Sustainable Development. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa. (2011). 12 (1): 124-144.
15 European Environment Agency Urban sprawl in Europe – The ignored challenge. EEA Report No. 10/2006. (2006).
16 Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN). Official Gazette on the breakdown of the National and State Provisional Totals 2006 census, S.I No. 23 of 2007, 94 (24), Lagos.
17 Herold, M. Jessica, P. and Richard, H. The use of Remote Sensing in Environmental monitoring. Remote Sensing of Environment. (2003). 86(3): 286-302.
18 Heywood, N. Global Diversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press. (1995).
19 Jensen, J.R. Remote sensing of the environment: An Earth resource perspective, 2nd ed. Prentice Hall. Netherlands. (2007).
20 Jiboye, A. D. Sustainable Urbanization: Issues and Challenges for Effective Urban Governance in Nigeria Journal of Sustainable Development, (2011). 4 (6):. 19-33.
21 Jiboye, A. D. and Omoniyi, S. S. Environmental Sustainability and urban growth in Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Research and Policies. (2010). 5 (1): 43-50.
22 Mabogunje, A. Towards an urban policy in Nigeria. In; P. Onibokun. (Ed.). Housing in Nigeria. A book of readings. Ibadan, Nigeria. NISER. (1985).
23 Mabogunje, A. L. and Robert, W. K. Sustainable Development in Ijebu-Ode, Nigeria: The Role of Social Capital, Participation, Science and Technology. CID Working Paper No. 102, Cambridge, MA: Sustainable Development Program, Centre for International Development, Harvard University. (2004).
24 Moeller, M. S. Remote Sensing for the Monitoring of Urban Growth Pattern 11S, ASU, International Institute for Sustainability, Arizona State University. (2005).
25 Mschelia, S.M. Problems of town planning in Gongola State. Journal of the Nigerian Institute of Town Planners, (1986). 6 & 7: 135-140.
26 Oladunjoye, A. O. Nigeria: Implementation of the Sustainable Cities Programme in Nigeria. Localizing Agenda 21 Programme. United Nations Programme for Human Settlements. (UN-HABITAT).United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Havana, Cuba. (2005).
27 Olujimi, J. Evolving a Planning Strategy for Managing Urban Sprawl. Kamla-Raj. Journal of Human Ecology, (2009). 25(3): 201-208.
28 Olusola, O. M. Housing: Central City Slums, A Case Study Of Ibadan Journal of Environment and Earth Science. (2012). Vol 2, No.9,
29 Onibokun, A.G. Socio-economic Sun’ey of Ibadan City. Ibadan Metropolitan Planning Authority, Ibadan, Nigeria. (1988).
30 Onokerhoraye, A.G. Urban environmental problems and planning strategies in tropical Africa. The example of Nigeria. The Annals of Regional Science, (1976). 10(2): 45-67.
31 Oyinloye, M.A. and Fasakin, J.O. Modeling Urban Growth from Medium Resolution Landsat Imageries of Akure, Nigeria. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research. (2014). (2)6: 98-121.
32 Ravallin, M. Urban poverty. Journal of Finance and Development. (2007). 15-17.
33 Sabins, F.F. Remote Sensing: Principles and Interpretation. London. Wester Publisher. (2001).
34 Salami, A.T. & Balogun E.E. Validation of Nigeria Sat-1 for Forest Monitoring in South-west Nigeria, Abuja, NARSDA. (2004).
35 Sedigheh, L. Remote Sensing for Urban Growth in Northern Iran. 22nd Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, (2001). 5-9 Nov. 2001, Singapore.
36 Shefali, A. Principles of Remote Sensing in Remote Sensing Division: Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Dehra Dun. GIS Applications in Agricultural Meteorology. (2000). 23-38
37 Ujoh, F.; Kwabe, I. D. and Ifatimehin, O. O. (2010). Understanding urban sprawl in the Federal Capital City, Abuja: towards sustainable urbanization in Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning. 3 (5). 106-113.
38 United Nations (2000). World Population Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Data Tables and Highlights. United Nations. New York. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division.
39 UNCHS, (2007). Urbanization: A Turning Point in History. Global Report on Urbanization. Retrieved from: www.unhabitat.org. On March 27, 2015.
40 UNDPI, (2008). Achieving the Millennium Development Goals in Africa. Recommendations of the MDG Steering Group. [Online] Available: http;//www.mdgafrica.org. pdf. March 27, 2009.
41 UNFPA, (2007). State of the World Population 2007, Unleashing the Potential of Urban Growth. New York. United Nations Population Fund.
42 United Nations HABITAT. (2007). Milestones in the evolution of human settlements policies.1976-2006. State of the world cities. Report 2006/2007. The MDGs and urban sustainability. 30years of shaping the Habitat Agenda. U.K. Earthscan.