Role of Geospatial technology in Crime Mapping: A case study of Jharkhand state of India

Role of Geospatial technology in Crime Mapping: A case study of Jharkhand state of India

Firoz Ahmad 1*, Md Meraj Uddin2, Laxmi Goparaju1
1Vindhyan Ecology and Natural History Foundation, Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh, India.
2University Department of Mathematics, MCA, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

American Journal of Geographical Research and Reviews

Crime is a social stigma which needs to be addressed beyond talks. In developed country Geospatial technology has become well established within the criminology and forensic fields in recent past. In order to achieve this proper database of various crimes (state/ district level) should be available for decision making. The present study was an attempt made to study the district wise crime data (IPC crime registered) for murder, rape, kidnapping, dacoity, burglary, theft and riots of state of Jharkhand for the year 2013 to understand the crime trend. We have generated various maps including crime density map of Jharkhand based on crime types using ARC/ GIS Software and MS EXCEL. The crime density such as murder, rape, kidnaping and riots were found in the range of (2.2 to 17.8), (1.6 to 12.6), (2.3 to 10.4) and (1.0 to 17.5) respectively. Murder crime density was highest in Gumla district whereas it was found to be lowest in Gridih district. Sahebganj district has high crime density for rape and kidnapping. Palamu district had low crime density in rape, whereas Ranchi district recorded low crime density in kidnapping. Crime density for riots was found lowest for district Simdega whereas highest for Koderma. The Indian police and law enforcement departments has not yet exploited the GIS aspect which will fetch better result as far as crime control is considered.

Keywords: Crime Analysis, Geographical Information Systems, Crime Mapping, Jharkhand

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Firoz Ahmad, Md Meraj Uddin, Laxmi Goparaju. Role of Geospatial technology in Crime Mapping: A case study of Jharkhand state of India. American Journal of Geographical Research and Reviews, 2018; 1:5. DOI:10.28933/AJGRR-2018-01-1801


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