Research Article of American Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Current practices in Greek broiler farms as related to the technical status of the establishments and equipment
A. Xexaki1*, E.N. Sossidou2, G. Filiousis1 and E. Petridou1
1Aristotle University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Laboratory of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece, 2Hellenic Agricultural Organization-DEMETER, Veterinary Research Institute, 57001 Thessaloniki, Greece.
The aim of this study was to describe breeding and managerial practices performed in two main categories of broiler farms as related to their technical status i.e. years of functioning, facilities, equipment, etc. One hundred thirty two farms, randomly selected, sited in regions which represent more than 70% of the Greek broiler production were examined. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data by personal interviews with the farm managers including biosecurity measures, harvesting system, feeding and watering method, staff, microclimate in broiler house, antimicrobial therapy and information about the establishment and equipment of the farm as well as the genotype, age and population of the flock. First results indicate that biosecurity measures in farms in good technical status perceive more importance (presence of anteroom and foot bath, P≤0.05) than farms in bad status. Moreover, 93.3% of the farms in bad technical status use straw as bedding material in contrast with the 28.2 % of the farms in good status where rice hulls is used (P≤0.05). Both categories of farms rear Ross genotype while Cobb genotype is only reared in farms in good technical status (P≤0.05). Finally, water equipment differs significantly (P≤0.05) between the two farm categories. Nipple drinkers without a tray is used by 40.4% of the farms in good technical status while 58.3% the farms in low level of hygiene have water equipment with nipple drinkers with tray. This study presents preliminary results of a PhD thesis in progress aiming to investigate the prevalence of resistant strains of Escherichia Coli producing ß-lactamases in poultry farms.
Keywords: broiler; farms; technical; status; biosecurity
How to cite this article:
A. Xexaki, E.N. Sossidou, G. Filiousis and E. Petridou. Current practices in Greek broiler farms as related to the technical status of the establishments and equipment. American Journal of Microbiology and Immunology, 2019,4:5. DOI: 10.28933/ajmi-2019-11-0605
1. COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 98/58/EC (1998) Protection of farmed animals.
2. DIERIKX, C., VAN DER GOOT, J., FABRI, T., VAN ESSEN-ZANDBERGEN, A., SMITH, H. and MEVIUS, D. (2012) Extended-spectrum-b-lactamase- and AmpC-b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in Dutch broilers and broiler farmers. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2013; 68: 60-67.
5. HELLENIC STATISTICAL AUTHORITY (ELSTAT) (2013) Farm structure survey (FSS), Holdings and number of animals.
6. HERING, J., HILLE, K., FROMKE,C., VON MUNCHHAUSEN, C., HARTMANN, M., SCHNEIDER, B., FRIESE, A., ROESLER, U., MERLE, R. and KREIENBROCK, L. (2014) Prevalence and potential risk factors for the occurrence of cefotaxime resistant Escherichia coli in German fattening pig farms-A cross-sectional study. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 116(1-2).
7. HUIJBERS, P.M.C., GRAAT, E.A.M., HAENEN, A.P.J., VAN SANTEN, M.G., VAN ESSENE-ZANDBERGEN, A., MEVIUS, D.J., VAN DUIJKEREN, E. and VAN HOEK, H.A.M. (2014) Extended-spectrum and AmpC b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in broilers and people living and/or working on broiler farms: prevalence, risk factors and molecular characteristics. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2014; 69: 2669-2675
8. MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND FOOD, DIRECTORATE GENERALOF ANIMAL PRODUCTION (2001) Greek livestock, animal production.
9. PERSOONS, D., HAESEBROUCK, F., SMET, A., HERMAN, L., HEYNDRICKX, M., MARTEL, A., CATRY, B., BERGE, A.C., BUTAYE, P., and DEWULF, J. (2010) Risk factors for ceftiofur resistance in Escherichia coli from Belgian broilers. Epidemiology and Infection 139(5): 765-71.
10. NATSOS, G., SOSSIDOU, E.Ν., CHEMALY, M., MOUTTOTOU, N., RODI-BURRIEL, A. and KOUTOULIS, K. (2015) Campylobacter spp. as a foodborne pathogen. Panhellenic Conference ‘Meat and Meat Products’, 27-28 February-1 March 2015 , pp.118-127.
11. VAN DEN BOGAARD, A.E., LONDON, N., DRIESSEN, C. and STOBBERINGH, E.E. (2001) Antibiotic resistance of faecal Eschericia coli in poultry, poultry farmers and poultry slaughterers. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2001; 47: 763-771.
12. VINH TRUNG, N., CARRIQUE-MAS, J.J., THI HOA, N., HUYNH MAI, H., THANH TUYEN, H., CAMPBELL, J.I., THI NHUNG, N., NGOC NHUNG, H., VAN MINH, P., WAGENAAR, J.A., HARDON, A., QUOC HIEU, T. and SCHULTSZ, C. (2015) Prevalence and risk factors for carriage of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli on household and small-scale chicken farms in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 70: 2144-2152.
14. XEXAKI, A., FILIOUSSIS, G., PAPADOPOULOS, T., SOSSIDOU, E., PETRIDOU, E. (2016) Antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli isolated from poultry farms in Greece: Preliminary results. European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) 9-12 April 2016, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 181.
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.